Joseph A. Caulder Collection
Past Rotary International Director 1928-29 - Regina, Sask., Canada
"Eyewitness to Rotary International's First 50 Years"
JOSEPH A. CAULDER - An eyewitness to Rotary International's first 50 years.
Rotary Information, Book 1
Go to [Pages 1-49] [Pages 49-99] [Pages 100-151] [Pages 152-200] [Pages 250-End]
Page 201. (Pagination as in Original)
No Rotary Club in the world is obligated to mail my attendance card to my Club. Mail it yourself or report to your secretary on your return. If you are away over the month end, mail a card or letter by air on the last day reporting attendance at other clubs.
Discontinued on June 30th, 1951. World War II had meant the loss of several hundred clubs, so numbering became meaningless.
The latest report shows Greater London with 94 Rotary Clubs. (1959)
1. In the number of active committees.
2. In attendance at same.
3. In the scope of their activities.
4. In the frequency of meetings.
THE FOLLOWING "COMMANDMENTS"
WERE PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY
BULLETIN OF THE ROTARY CLUB
OF OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.
1. Thou shalt be punctilious in thy attendance that thy fellowship may be bountifully dispensed.
2. Thou shalt respect the President and speaker and refrain from incessant chatter.
3. Thou shalt stay throughout the entire program.
4. Thou shalt acquaint thyself with the new member and make him welcome.
5. Thou shalt greet the visiting Rotarian and make him happy in our friendly midst.
6. Thou shalt honor Rotary in serving conscientiously on committees.
Although all of the above "commandments" are not directly concerned with the promotion of fellowship in the club they are all inducive to friendlier feelings and better club morale. A club might consider the publication of some such "rules of the game" in the club bulletin - every now and then - just ms a reminder to members.
Do not join the Rotary Club of Toronto unless you can spare about $400.00for Rotary without being unfair to yourself, your family, your church, your Board of Trade, etc.
HOW TO GET ATTENDANCE
Many Rotarians have long-standing records of perfect Rotary attendance. How do they do it? They realize that there is no such thing as absent treatment in such personal things as attendance and inspiration, that absence is negative and inspiration is positive, and that the only way to secure the benefits of a Rotary meeting is to be there.
Rotary clubs are "sharing clubs". Each has something to contribute to the other. In making up attendance at other Rotary clubs, we are exposed to new worthwhile ideas. Let us bring them back to our club so that we may use them and then pass them on to other Rotarians.
- The Bulletin,
Union of South Africa.
WHO PROFITS MOST?
By: Charles H. Howard.
Who profits most?
Who, grasping every coin he can,
Unscrupulously crushes down
His weaker neighbor with a frown,
He is not worthy of his trust,
And, friendless, knows his gold is dust,
He loses what he sought to gain
And finds, instead of pleasure, pain.
Who profits most?
It is not he
Who shirks responsibility,
Who, hermit-like himself withdraws
to live apart from human flaws,
to scoff at mortal frailties,
He turns away, no vision sees
Of Life's great opportunity.
He is not mourned -- why should he be?
Who profits most?
It is the man
who gives a boost where'er he can,
Who's on the square in all that's done,
And trusts and helps the others on;
Who puts his task above mere self
And values friends and counts them wealth
Who profits most?
Is that your quest?
It is the man who serves the best.
HERE ARE SEVEN QUESTIONS YOU CAN
ASK YOURSELF TO FIND OUT IF YOU
ARE GETTING THE MOST OUT OF ROTARY
1. Do I sit at the safe table each week with the same gang?
2. Do I ever trouble to speak to a visiting Rotarian and ask him to sit with me?
3. Have I ever taken the trouble to think the speaker and compliment him on his fine address?
4. Has it ever occurred to me that the. President is not a paid person, has plenty to worry about and that a pat on the back is a great tonic? (This goes for all chairman, too)
5. Do I remember how I felt as a new member at my first luncheon and then extend a warm welcome to our new members.
6. Do I "play ball" with my committee chairman and an answer "Yes" when he calls on my for help?
7. Is Rotary part of my life?
If you answer all these questions satisfactorily you know what one man can do to make Winnipeg Rotary a successful Club.
THE SUCCESSFUL BUSINESSMAN
How difficult it is for the businessman to live unselfishly!
He must bear the handicap of life whose main purpose is the accumulation of money. . . but who is the most successful businessman?
Not necessarily the man who has the largest bank account; that is one measure of success, but not the truest.
The most successful businessman is he who renders the greatest service to mankind, and whose life is most useful.
-William E. Sweet.
"Rotary is an ideal in action."
"Rotary is thoughtfulness of and helpfulness to others."
"Rotary is a maker of friendships and a builder of men."
"Rotary is an integrating force in a world where disintegrating force are far more numerous."
Rotary brings you once a week into close contact with a cross-section of the community's civic life.
Rotary gives you the viewpoint of many men, leaders in business and professions of every description.
Rotary gives you opportunities to be of helpful service others; and, in what, after all, is found greater satisfaction?
Rotary means good fellowship of the kind stimulated by friendship.
Rotary increases our knowledge of your fellowmen, and knowledge of others you come to know yourself better.
Rotary takes your mind off yourself and that's a good thing, isn't it?
THE GREATNESS OF ROTARY
The greatness of Rotary is not measured by the seas it has spanned or the number of countries into which it has gone - to the number of clubs and Rotarians - but rather by the countless continuing services which often cannot be tallied or totaled - the many things that men and clubs are doing as they translate Rotary into everyday life - the things each of us do daily as individuals radiating Rotary.
The greatness of Rotary is the living of it - and the sharing of it, and passing it on to others."
Past Pres.- R.I.
THE GRACIOUS HOST
Are you a friendly Rotarian? Do you make it a point to sit and visit with our visitors? Do you shake their hands at the end of the meeting and ask them to be sure to come back? There should be a spontaneous demonstration of cordial friendliness which every member extends to the visitors.
Many of our members never take advantage of the opportunity to meet and talk with visitors. If you wish to enjoy Rotary fellowship, friendship and acquaintance, in their fullest sense, you should acquire this habit. Make our visitors leave with a desire to "make up" again at our club.
Minneapolis, Minn., U.S.A.
All records broken with 23,378 from 74 countries. The Emperor of Japan and his Empress were on the stage at the opening and he welcomed the huge gathering. This made history as never before in Japan's history had the Emperor addressed a public audience. Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda also spoke.
From Japan - 16,025; U.S.- 3,370; Australia -821; Canada - 483; New Zealand - 403;
At Miami 1960 - 11,351. From U.S.A. 9,798; Canada - 295; Australia - 42; Argentina - 75; Japan - 89; New Zealand - 25.
If interested read short speeches by Wm. A. Peace of Toronto and Bob Copeland of Toronto in the convention proceedings book covering the 1914 convention of The International Association of Rotary Clubs held at Houston, Texas (page 39). Bill Peace was then Area Vice President for Eastern Canada for R.I. and had been Founder President of the Toronto club, Nov. 28, 1912. R.J. (Bob) Copeland was President of the Toronto club 1915-1916.
NAMES OF COUNTRIES AND FIRST CLUB IN EACH
IN ORDER OF ORGANIZATION DATES.
UNLESS OTHERWISE INDICATED, HOWEVER,
DATES GIVEN ARE DATES CLUBS WERE
ADMITTED TO MEMBERSHIP IN ROTARY INTERNATIONAL
1. Chicago, ILL., U.S.A. - 23
February, 1905 (organized )
Honolulu, Hawaii - I July, 1915) (included with U.S.A. 5 Sept. 1962)
7. Havana, Cuba - 1 June, 1916
8. Cardiff, Wales - 1
10.Montevideo, Uruguay- 1 February, 1919
11. Manila, Philippines - 1 June, 1919
12. Panama City, Panama - 1 November, 1919
13. Shanghai, China - 1 October, 1919
(This club is terminated of the existing clubs in China, the Rotary Club of Taipei, Taiwan, China, is the oldest - 11 June, 1948)
14. Calcutta, Bengal, India - 1 January, 1920
15. Buenos Aires, Argentina - 1 April, 1920
Madrid, Spain - 1 January, 1921 (membership terminated - 19 January,1940)
16. Tokyo, Japan - 1 April, 1921
17. Paris, Prance - 1 April, 1921
18. Mexico City, Mexico - 1 April, 1921
19. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - 1 April, 1921
20. Wellington, New Zealand - 1 May, 1921
21. Johannesburg, South Africa - 1 July, 1921
(Originally admitted as Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa)
22. Oslo, Norway- 1 June, 1922
29. Hamilton, Bemuda - 15 March, 1924
30. Valparaiso, Chile - 15
Ketchikan, Alaska - 22 April, 1925 (included with U.S.A. 5 Sept. 1962)
45. Asuncion, Paraguay- 16 January. 1928
DjokJakarta. Java, Dutch East Indies:-12 April, 1928 (This club terminated 31 December, 1943, and was readmitted 31 July, 1957 as the Rotary Club of Jogjakarta, Indonesia. Rotary Clubs' are no longer represented in this country.
Datren, South Manchuria - 21 Jan., 1929
(Rotary clubs are no longer represented in this country. )
46. Athens, Greece - 30 January, 1929
47. Cairo, Egypt, United Arab Republic - 11 March, 1929
48. Jerusalem, Israel - 11 Mach, 1929 (Originally admitted as Jerusalem, Palestine.)
Beograd, Yugoslavia - 8 April, 1929 -Terminated 31 Dec. 1941 (Rotary- club no longer represented in this country)
49. Mariagus, Nicaragua - 16 May, 1929
Bucurest, Romania- 20 May, 1929-
Terminated 31 Dec. 1941 (Rotary clubs no longer represented in this country)
Togucigalpa, Honduras - 4 June, 1929
54. Seremban, Malaysia - 4
December, 1929 (Originally organized as Rotary Club of Seramban, Federal of
57. Salisbury, Rhodesia - 27 June, 1930 (Originally admitted as Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, until 25 October, 1964.)
Tallinn, Estonia - 2 August, 1930 - Terminated 10 Oct. 1940 (Rotary clubs no longer represented in this country.)
129. Singapore, Singapore - 11 August, 1930
(This club originally admitted as Singapore, Straits Settlements, and is now part of Malaysia) Separated from Malaysia 9 August, 1965
58. Nairobi, Kenya - 11 September, 1930
59. Bangkok, Thailand - 28 November 1930 (This club originally admitted as Bangkok Siam.)
60. Hong Kong, Hong Kong - 20 February, 1931
Warsaw, Poland - 19 March, 1931 - Terminated 10 October, 1940 (Rotary clubs no longer represented in this country. )
61. Beyrouth, Lebanon - 2 February, 1932
Riga, Latvia - 7 April, 1933- Terminated 10 Oct. 1940. (Rotary-clubs no longer represented in this country.)
Sofia, Bulgaria - 25 May, 1933 - Terminated 7 April, 1941. (Rotary clubs no longer represented in this country.)
Kaunas, Lithuania - 14 November, 1934 -Terminated l0 Oct. 1940 (Rotary clubs no longer represented in this country.)
62. Reykjavik, Iceland - 31 May, 1935
63. Suva, Fiji Islands - 26 March, 1936
Tunis, Tunisia - 14 February, 1936 - Terminated 30 Jan. 1960 (Rotary Clubs no longer represented in this country.)
Kuching, Sarawak - 10 Juno, 1936 (Became part of Malaysia.)
64. Curacao, Netherlands Antilles - 2 April, 1937
65. Monaco, Monaco - 3 June, 1937
66. Caracasj Venezuela - 8 October, 1937
67. Damascus, Syria - 26 January, 1938
68. Khartoum, Sudan - 27 June, 1938
69. Nicosis, Cyprus - 22 August, 1938
70. Dakar, Senegal - 10 July,
1939 (Originally admitted as Dakar, Senegal, French West Africa)
Jesselion, North Borneo - 24 November, 1952 (Became part of Malaysia.)
82. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - 1
85. Usumbura, Burundi - l March, 1956
(Originally admitted as Umaambura, Ruanda-Urundi)
88. Abidjan, Ivory Coast - 11 June, 1956
89. Phnom-Penh, Cambodia - 15 April, 1957
90. Bangui, Central African Republic - 17 April, 1957
91. Doula, Cameroun - 17 April, 1957
92. Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein . l0 May, 1957
93. Kampala, Uganda -20 May, 1957
94. Pointe-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe - 28 May, 1957
95. Belize, British Honduras - 31 July, 1957
96. Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago- August, 1957 (Originally admitted as Port of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies. Became independent country of Trinidad and Tobago 31 August, 1962)
97. Fort-de-France, Martinique - 29 August, 1957
98. Port Moresby, Papua - 19
100. Fort-Lamy, Chad - 5 December, 1957 (Originally admitted as Fort-Lamy, Afrique Equatoriale Francaise)
Asmara, Eritrea - 18 December, 1957 (Eritrea incorporated into Ethiopia, 1964)
101. Brazzaville, Republic of
Congo- 6 January,1958
106. Kathmandu, Nepal - 13
109. Kingston, Jamaica - 18 June, 1959 (Originally admitted in West Indies Federation. Became independent country of Jamaica on 6 August, 1962)
110. Papeete (Tahiti), French Polynesia - 22 July, 1959
134. Gibraltar, Gibraltar - 5 April, 1966
135. Niamey, Niger - 31 July, 1967
136. Djibouti, French Territory of the Afars and the Issas - 16 Sept. 1967
137. Malta, Malta- 6 0ctober, 1967
138. Tortola, British Virgin Islands - 5 January, 1963
139. Torshavnar, Faeroe Islands - 25 January, 1968
140. Lome, Togo - 16 February, 1968
141. Saipan - 16 February, 1968
142. Kabul, Afghanistan - 8 March, 1968
143. Tonga (The Friendly Islands) Club of Nuku' Alofa - May 29, 1968
144. Gangtok, Sikkim - Aug. 22, 1968
145. Tripoli, Libya - Aug. 24, 1968
144. Syria was dropped by R.I. on Jan. 24, 1969.
145. Feb. 5, 1969 - Club of Raratonga Cook Islands.
146. Apr. 28, 1969 - The Victoria Club on Island of Mahe, Seychelles Island - British
147. Rotary Club of Tunis, Tunisia - Sept. 11, 1969
148. Rotary Club of Paso Pago- American - Somoa
At the 1910 Convention the 16 Clubs decided on 10 Directors, including the President as ex-officio. Three were elected for three years, three for two years, and three for one year.
There was a General Committee of 16, one from each club and this Committee chose the President and nine Directors.
At the Portland Convention in 1911 it was decided to elect all for one year. In 1915 the General Committee was eliminated and the Board reduced to 5. A President and a 1st, 2nd and 3rd Vice President. The Immediate Past President was the 5th and the open Convention chose the 5.
It is well to remember that our Rotary Club only loans a classification and the Board of the Club may call the loan at any time. Several have taken court action, but no one ever won.
When we are asked to talk before the club on our business, we should talk about the drug or grocery or banking business in a general way, and not advertise our own individual business.
By: Glen W. Peacock - Calgary, Alberta.
Director of R.I. 1958-59/1959-60.
This beautiful park, dedicated to peace is on the border between Alberta and Montana. In the year 1932 the governments of U.S. and Canada proclaimed "That the two parks should henceforth be known as the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park". This is a lasting monument to the Rotary Clubs of Alberta and Montana, which through their love of harmony, peace and understanding, furnished the inspiration for and sponsored this Rotary project, which has proven to be such an example of friendship between nations, that we understand it has been the leader for other such parks throughout the Rotary world.
Following out the good neighbor idea, it was decided to form a "Peace Park Organization" with officers and directors from both Alberta and Montana Rotary Clubs and to alternate the meetings, so that one year "Prince of Wales Hotel at Waterton", with the Alberta Clubs as hosts, would be the gathering place, then the following year, we would all meet at "Glacier Park Lodge" in East Glacier and the Montana Clubs would be in charge.
Many Rotarians, from various clubs throughout districts 539 and 536, contributed greatly to the ever increasing interest in this gathering, but it would be impossible to mention them all, however, we feel, that the name of President Emeritus the Venerable Archdeacon S. H. Middleton now of Claresholm, Alberta, but formerly the resident Minister of the Blood Indian School at Cardston, is
GLACIER INTERNATIONAL PEACE PARK (2)
one that bears mention. The Archdeacon was the first President of the association, which office he held, for many years and gave unstintingly of his time and effort, to build the original organization into todays wonderful living example of the fourth avenue of ROTARY'S platform.
Friday, July 27.
This year we left 626 Riverdale, about eleven A.M. Friday July 27th. It was a lovely warm, summer morn and we sailed along, on our four lane highway, which formed a walk between the green feed crops, that alternated with grain already touched, by the golden glow of harvest.
We decided to go from Macleod, by way of Pincher Creek, to Waterton Lakes, as that approach to the mountains and to the park, is very beautiful, with "Big Chief" mountain rising like a mammoth altar, against the sky blue background, making one appreciate the glory of nature and the greatness of our Maker.
Upper Waterton Lake stretches between high ranges of rocky cliffs on either side; its lower shore being in Montana, so that even the lake is International. We had planned to have a round of golf, but the clouds were heavy and "Thor" seemed particularly annoyed with we mortals, so we were content, to relax on Emerald Bay, watching the water skiing and pleasure boating.
GLACIER INTERNATIONAL PEACE PARK (3)
Saturday mourning we drove through woods, over streams and around mountain curves, to cross the border into Montana; where we drove past beautiful St. Mary' s Lake and Two Medicine Lake, arriving at "Glacier Park Lodge", just in time for lunch.
The Indians name is "Big Tree Lodge" as huge unpeeled logs, standing some fifty feet high, are used both inside and out, in the construction of this interesting, rambling hotel.
The "Peace Park Association" hold its business meetings, where new officers are elected and other points of international interest are discussed, on Saturday afternoon. There is a good golf course and putting greens, for those who care to play and card games are arranged for the ladies.
In the evening the Annual Banquet is held, followed by the usual toasts, entertainment and an outstanding speaker. This year the Havre Club of Montana were hosts, with Dix Shevelier of Helena, President of the Association, as chairman. The Speaker was Dr. Ballentine Henley, P.D.G. from Los Angeles, who gave us a stirring address, entitled, "Man Among the Stars". The Honorable Fred Colborne, who represented the Alberta Government, spoke briefly on the wonderful example set by our two countries, that all nations with common boundaries might learn to follow, and live together in peace and harmony. This splendid evening was concluded with dancing and fellowship.
GLACIER INTERNATIONAL PEACE PARK (4)
The Sunday morning worship service was conducted by the Reverend William Copeland, P.D.G. from Polson, Montana, who left with us the thought provoking message, "I would rather be a Pagan". Following the service, we gathered on the lawn around the Cairn erected to the memory of dearly beloved Past President Tom Davis of Butte, Montana and also to commemorate the great work of President Emeritus, the Venerable Archdeacon Middleton. The Americans stand on one side of a ribbon, which symbolizes our International Boundary, while the Canadians form on the other side. After greetings from the Governor of Montana Tim Babcock, Honorable F. Colborne of Alberta, Gov. Carson Bechtel of District 539, and Governor Mel Melhoff of District 536, a prayer was offered for international understanding; then all joined hands across the border and repeated a pledge, followed by the benediction.
After luncheon, many of the members depart for home, but we always stay until the following morning, as do also our dear friends, Past President Everett Hill and his charming wife, Cleo, from Polson, Montana. We enjoy an evening of wonderful friendship and reminiscing.
On our way home, we stopped at Claresholm Hospital, to visit Archdeacon Middleton and give him the news of a very successful and enjoyable meeting. His greeting to us was, "I was sure someone would come", so
GLACIER NATIONAL PEACE PARK (5)
we were happy to have brought pleasure to such a wonderful man.
And so "Goodbye" until July 1963. Another fine gathering of Rotary friends is over. A wonderful annual experience.
Glen and Aileen Peacock.
The late Tom J. Davis of Butte, Montana, President of R.I. in 1941-42 and who presided at the Toronto Convention in 1942, was an important figure in organizing this Peace Park project and attended every year until his passing on October 22nd, 1953.
DO YOU REALIZE
The Clipsheet- June 1963.
That you were only "loaned" your classification because your fellow members believed you to be the best representative in our community to do this. Job? Then why not show your ability and aptitude by doing the best Job that can be done? You only have to prove it to your fellow Rotarians to show that you deserve this honor!
No dues were collected until 1908 but fines were imposed freely. When Paul resigned as President of the Chicago Club in 1908 he reported fines of $533.00 collected in the last year and $1.84 on hand. Then dues of 50¢ per half month were collected. At the 1910 convention there was a real argument over whether the dues should be $1. or $2. per year. The $2. fee was decided on as a minimum.
NOTE - After being President of the Chicago Club for 1 1/2 years, Paul resigned and at that time he asked that the habit of fining be discontinued.
1. Lord fill my mouth with stuff but nudge me when I've said enough.
2. Make my words sound really plausible to those I'm about to deceive.
3. Make me as truthful and outstanding as the incidentals in my expense account.
4. Help me to disagree with my fellow Rotarians without being disagreeable.
5. Make me worthy of the high esteem in which I hold myself.
IN NINE LANGUAGES
In addition to The Rotarian and Revista Rotaria with a circulation of well over 430,000. Rotary has 22 regional magazines or publications. The two published by R.I. go to 115 countries. Revista Rotaria is for all Spanish speaking clubs. They are:
These publications are mostly monthly and are published in Arabic, Danish, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish. There are, in all, 164,800 subscribers which, together with The Rotarian and Revista Rotaria, total over 600,000.
Suggested in 1921 by Dr. Donald Alexander MacRae of Halifax. Discussed at Los Angles Convention 1922 and later adopted. Dr. MacRae died in Toronto October 19th, 1955 at 83. He was Dean of Law Faculty - Dalhousie and later at Osgoode, Hall, Toronto (1924).
Nov. 1921 - My 19th reached 90%. attendance for the District. This was the first ever. In 19122 my successor, Arthur Johnston, reached 94 %
In Holland, in small clubs, dues are based on member' s income - minimum $5.00 – maximum $60.00
At Stockholm Club the King maintains a 60% attendance.
National flag of each visitor placed beside his plate at Rotary luncheons. Several clubs in Europe.
OF ROTARY CLUBS 1910-11-12.
OF ROTARY CLUBS 1913 to 1922, Inc.
ROTARY INTERNATIONAL FROM 1923
When the 1964 Convention is held in Toronto in 1964 then it will be third for Toronto. St. Louis will have its third in 1963. San Francisco had its 3rd in 1947. Chicago had 1910 which was the organization meeting with only 69 there. Then it had the 25th Anniversary in 1930 and the 50th in1955. That makes three but that city also had 1944-45 because of restrictions in travel. Atlantic City 1920 – 1936 -1946 and 1951 so is really the only city chosen four times under ordinary conditions.
and ROTARY INTERNATIONAL 1922 --
PRESIDENTS OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
and ROTARY INTERNATIONAL 1922 -
PRESIDENTS OF THR NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
ROTARY CLUBS, 1910 to 1912; INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS, 1912 to 1922;
and ROTARY INTERNATIONAL 1922 -
PRESIDENTS OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY .CLUBS, 1910 to 1912; INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS, 1912 to 1922;
and ROTARY INTERNATIONAL 1922 –
128 COUNTIES OR GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS,
AND BELOW ARE LISTED THE DATES
WHEN ROTARY WAS ESTABLISHED IN EACH AREA.
Buffalo Convention 1913 – Ches. Perry reported 83 affiliated clubs.
At the first convention held Chicago August 15-16-17, 1910 only 14 of the 16 clubs were in attendance. No one from Oakland and I.J. Muma of Los Angeles represented San Francisco.
ROTARY YEAR 1960-61
1.Toronto is the largest Rotary Club in the British Commonwealth and the 12th largest in the world.
2.There are 4 clubs with membership over 600.
3. There are 6 clubs with membership over 500.
4. There are 20 clubs with membership over 400.
5. There are 39 clubs with membership of 300 and over.
"Said Tudor to Vera, my dear
The ice revue soon will be here,
So in real Rotary style,
They went with their smile,
And had the best night of the year.
For the Maple Leaf Gardens that night,
Was truly a wonderful sight,
The Revue was a treat,
So they sat in their seat,
And thanked God for Stan Reid and Joe Wright."
NEED FOR DISAGREEMENT
The Clipsheet - June 1963.
A Rotary meeting should be a place where thinking men meet and disagree. For disagreement, like competition, increases our efforts and moves us to examine our views in depth.
Rotarians should expose themselves more "to the strain of exploring ideas, thoughts, principles, and philosophies in the precious time (they) have together each week."
The basis of Rotary membership is diversification in business and professional interests. This should provide opportunity for discussion of diversified viewpoints leading toward a unified solution. It would be a great loss not to take advantage of this opportunity.
-"Alias the Saint," Rotary Club of ??, South Africa
Up to 1955 there were 44 Presidents, beginning with Founder Paul P. Harris in 1910.
32 from U.S.A.
4 from Canada.
1 from Mexico
2 from England.
1 from France.
3 from S. America.
1 from Australia.
Of these 25 were businessmen - 1 a Protestant Minister - 2 bankers - 1 doctor - 7 lawyers - 2 engineers - 1 Journalist - 3 education - 1 insurance and 1 investment banker.
Note: of the above Canada supplied the only Minister, Rev. Leslie Pidgeon, 1917-18 from Vancouver-Winnipeg and Montreal. The only Doctor, Dr. Crawford C. MoCullough of Fort William, Ontario 1921-22. The only Journalist John Nelson of Montreal, 1933-34 and the only investment banker, Arthur Lagueux of Quebec City, 1950-51.
Since 1955 we had A. Z. Baker, Cleveland (stock yards) 1955-56; Gian Paolo Lang of Italy 1956-57, Produce exporter; Chas. G. Tennent, Ashville, N.Carolina, Landscape architecture 1957-58; Clifford A. Randall, Milwaukee 1958-59, lawyer, and Harold T. Thomas, Auckland, New Zealand 1959-60, Furnishings; J. Edd McLaughlin, Rails, Texas 1960-61, banker; Joseph A. Abey, Reading, Penn. 1961-62, Newspaper publishing; and Nitish Laharry, Calcutta, India 1962-63, retired lawyer.
Carl P. Miller, 1963-64 - Los Angeles, Newspaper Publisher
Chas. W. Pettengill, 1964-65 - Greenwich,Conn. Lawyer
C.H.P. Teenstra, 1965-66-Physician, The Netherlands.
How many languages are spoken at weekly meetings of Rotary clubs? Well, the possibilities are many indeed, since language expert tell us that the world's inhabitants speak close to 3,000 tongues, including hundreds of dialects. But the estimated number of Rotary tongues is far below that number, though it does include, all the major languages of the world, except Russian. The total is somewhere between 40 and 50 includes Arabic, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Welsh, Flemish, Hinei, Urdu, Gujarati, Tamil and Tagalog. In some Rotary clubs three and four languages are used. This aspect of Rotary offers fascinating possibilities for study. Anyone planning to take it up?
The Clipsheet- June 1963.
Through fellowship comes better understanding; through better understanding comes a better Rotary club. To better know and understand your fellow Rotarian is but one of many steps toward the goal of a better club, better community, nation, and world.
--The Spokesman, Rotary Club of San Leandro, California, U.S.A.'-
Also see BII, P1 to P18
History and General Information.
At the Atlanta, Georgia convention 1917 Arch Klumph, the 6th President of Rotary l916-17, proposed, "We should accept endowments for the purpose of doing good in the world in charitable, educational or other avenues of community service".
Slow progress was made and at the end of six years the fund only had $709.92 on hand.
At the Minneapolis convention in 1928 the proposal made 11 years earlier got serious consideration and the convention approved the establishment of what is now known as The Rotary Foundation.
The By-Laws were amended to provide for the Foundation under the supervision of five Trustees.
1931 - The Board ratified action of The Trustees by arranging for a declaration of trust between Rotary International and the Foundation Trustees. This had the legal effect of guaranteeing the perpetuity of the Foundation.
Thus the proposal of Arch Klumph made 14 years earlier and become a reality with well defined purposes and plans and with $5,739.07 on hand. The Foundation was on its way.
1932 - The first Foundation Committee was appointed and in the next five years the fund increased to $56,000.00 plus
ROTARY FOUNDATION (2)
insurance policies and will bequests amounting to another $43,000.00.
1937 - Rotary was growing in size and prestige and at the 1937 Convention held in Nice, France the Board laid plans for a $2,000,000.00 fund.
1938 - The San Francisco convention in 1938 approved of the Board action. However, war clouds plus real war held up any definite campaign but R.I., during the war years, transferred $375,000.00 from R. I. funds to the Foundation.
1945- The Rotary Foundation committee reviewed the complete history of the Foundation plans, and reactivated the plan to raise $2,000,000.00.
1947 - In January 1947 Paul Harris, founder of Rotary and a great believer in the Foundation, passed away. At once from all over the world requests poured into R.I. office asking what could be done to honour the memory of Paul Harris. One of Paul's last suggestions was that he desired everything possible be done to advance world understanding. President Richard Hedke and Foundation Chairman, Past President Harry Rogers suggested to all clubs that contributions be made to the Foundation in memory of Paul Harris.
The year 1947 also marked the inauguration of the Rotary Foundation Fellowships for International Understanding.
1956- the original objectives were rephrased into one to read "The objective of the Rotary Foundation is the fostering of tangible and effective projects which have as their purpose the furthering of better understanding and friendly relations between the peoples of different nations, including the promotion of Rotary Foundation Fellowships for International Understanding".
later - there was added - Relief for distressed families.
Up to January 1959 over $6,000,000.00 had been contributed. Some fairly large individual contributions have been made. Many clubs, including Toronto, send in each year a cheque for $1.00 per member. In addition to this, the Toronto Club collects $10.00 when each new member joins the Club. The first request was for $10.00 from each member and this made a club a 100% Club. Later it was realized this was not enough because it was a one shot proposition. Now a Club can become a 200 or 300 or 500% member. Many clubs have Birthday Foundation contributions. Encouragement is given to having members take out insurance policies in the name of The Foundation or make provision in wills. A Club would be 100% when each member had contributed $10.00 or when the club had contributed sums equal to $l0.00 per member. Individual contributions in a lump sum or when one feels inclined or is able to do so, will always be a big source of revenue.
When any individual contributes $100.00 in any one year he gets a pocket card.
ROTARY FOUNDATION (3)
A Memorial Contributor is a member who gives in any one year over $100.00 and up to $500.00.
An Honorary Fellow of the Rotary Foundation is bestowed on any individual who contributes over $500.00.
A Paul Harris Fellow is an individual who contributes $1,000.00 or over in any one year.
One member in Bakersfield, California has given two gifts of $10,000.00.
A Chicago member came to the U.S. from the Near East gave $50,000.00 which is the largest up to this date.
All contributions allowed by the income tax authorities.
It will be noted that our Toronto Club qualifies as a "Supporter of the Rotary Foundation".
100% Rotary Foundation District.
This designation is awarded when every club in the district is a 100% club based on the District Governor's report for June.
The Foundation Trustees may expend monies in any year or number of years only when the R.I. Board and the R.I. Convention and the Trustees all have voted such expenditures.
The fund has helped over 12,900 families (principally in Europe and who were formerly
ROTARY FOUNDATION (6)
or six students from some other country, but generally this is on an assist basis with a cost not over $1,000.00 per student. There is also of course the Rotary Foundation Trustees making three committees in all.
At present the Trustees may spend $350,000 a year from the Corpus or Principal plus interest earned.
Each district in Rotary (app. 260 in 1959) may select or recommend a student every other year. This makes about l30 each year and the cost is from $2,500.00 to $3,500.00 per student. The first student from Ontario was our own Everett M. Biggs (1948-49).
Latest statement of the objective of The Rotary Foundation by Board action May 1959.
THE OBJECTIVE OF THE ROTARY FOUNDATION
is the furthering of understanding and friendly relations between peoples of different nations through the fostering of tangible and effective projects, including Rotary Foundation Fellowships for International Understanding.
April 1959 - Rotary International News.
Title changed from Rotary Foundation Fellowships for Advanced Study - to - Rotary Foundation Fellowships for International Understanding.
ROTARY FOUNDATION (7)
Applications must be made through Rotary Club in the territory where the applicant has a permanent residence.
Must be single and marriage after application or even after acceptance means immediate cancellation.
August 1st - application to sponsor Club.
August 25th - final date for all papers ready for District Governor.
October 1st - Final date for applications to be received by Secretary of R.I.
Mid-November - meeting of Rotary Foundation Fellowships Committee to make awards.
December 15th - Announcement.
Note -Apply to District Governor for application forms.
The 1958-59 guide shows two Foundation Committees.
Rotary Foundation - this committee deals with finances, involved, etc.
Rotary Foundation Fellows and International Student Exchange -This committee deals with all applications and also helps clubs
ROTARY FOUNDATIONS (8)
and districts of Student Exchange projects, finances, etc.
As of June 30th, 1961 a total of $7,517.104 has been contributed to the Foundation. In 1960-61 a record of $789,925.O0 was contributed. Now 1961-62 with 269 districts a student is chosen every other year from each district. This costs about $350,000 a year. Including 1961-62 over 1,450 students are now studying or have completed their Fellowship year.
Continued on P.247A
It is difficult, perhaps impossible, to develop intimate, personal relations in a large club of several hundred members, but in a club of several hundred members, but in a club such as ours each of us should know every member of the club very well. If you feel you do not know one of the members well, it is time you became better acquainted. Make a point of sitting together at the next Rotary meeting when you can explore the possibility of developing into friendship the informal acquaintance thus initiated...
If you try this plan occasionally, you will broaden your circle of Rotary acquaintances, and how frequently those acquaintances become stalwart friendships.
-- "CEBAR CHIPS" publication of the Rotary Club of Cedar Springs, Michigan, U.S.A.
ROTARY FOUNDATION, (Cont'd.)
For many years women were awarded Fellowships, also married men, but in 962 charges were made and only single men accepted from then on.
No member of a Rotary Club is eligible.
Applicant must have a Bachelor's degree or equivalent. He must have reached his 20th year but not over 29.
At the beginning of 1962 fall term 137 graduate students, 94 men and 43 women started their year in advanced study in 41 lands. The cost per student ranges from $1,625.00 to $4,450.00 for a total of $375,000.00
This makes a total of 1,595 students between 1947 and 1962 from 71 countries to study 54 countries. Up-to-date four million dollars ($4,000,000.00) has been spent.
In the year ended June 30, 1962 receipts to the fund amounted to $1,000,000.00 for the first time and since the beginning over $9,000,000.00 has been contributed.
In 1944 the relief fund established to assist Rotarians' families in Europe was transferred to the Rotary Foundation with certain funds marked for relief work. Up to 1950 a total of $160,000.00 had been spent on this week and over 12,000 relief parcels had been sent to needy Rotary families. Now (1963) there are still some families being helped from Foundation funds earmarked for this purpose.
Beginning with 1962 it was decided to not
ROTARY FOUNDATION (Cont'd)
proceed with the former decision to send a student from each District every year, but to establish l0 additional Fellowships each year. These would be either men or women and chosen from any area where brilliant students are found., They may be men or women and married or single. Also, not limited to one years study. There are no age limits for this additional 10 and a student might be accepted from a District from which a regular Fellowship had been chosen, and also from an area where there are no Rotary Clubs.
Out of the 1,595 Fellowship students from 1947-1962 fifty-six (56) were from Canada.
From recent study by the R.I. Board it would appear that changes must or should be made in the Foundation operation. It is not always possible to get a top grade student from the designated districts, whereas the next adjoining district not eligible that year, might have three. Also, a brilliant Student, in fairness to himself, might not be interested in a one year course. It is possible we may see an entirely new setup and the qualifications so changed that more top grade students might be helped to the top of the ladder in their particular line.
NOTE - Also see pages P 1 - P 7 (Book 2). Also see pages P 8 to P. 18 - book 2 Also see pages 247C and D which follow in this book
It is difficult to keep up with the Foundation story as it is moving fast and changing.
As of June 1965 - 1,990 students have studied under the Foundation. This total includes 142 who will start in the Fall of 1965. Of this 142, there are 132 who came under the latest Foundation rules and 10 special students who are not so restricted. Of the 10 specials, 7 are women. In the 1965-66 class the 142 will study in 128 colleges in 26 countries.
These special students will be known as "Rotary Foundation Technical Students". These may be men or women, married or single. The plan of a student (exclusive of the special group) from each district continues. These students may study any advanced subjects.
The total now is close to $12,000,000.00 and district now in some cases have 300% or over. Up to June 30, 1965 - $5,213,011 has been spent so the fund has about $6,000,000.00 on hand. It is expected that $412,700.00 will be spent in 1965-66, The 1965-66 students number 142 of which 8 are women. The club of Ojai, California is now a 2000% club which means the club has contributed $200.00 per member. For 1966-67 there will be 25 special students. The Foundation also is organizing an exchange plan that may be one of the great projects. At the Atlantic City convention legislation was passed whereby the Rotary Foundation Development Committee, The Rotary Foundation Fellowships Committee and The Rotary Foundation Trustees are abolished and one committee, The Rotary Foundation Trustees consisting of
1l men, 6 of whom must be Past Presidents of R.I. and thence men will serve for six years. These changes should simplify the Foundation's work. A great future is in store.
J. A. CAULDER
Page 247 D.
THE ROTARY FOUNDATION STORY - Cont'd.
The Foundation was proposed by the late International President Arch Klumph of Cleveland at the 1917 convention at Atlanta, Georgia.
The proposer had no very clear idea of what it might do. The financial response was slow and R.I. transferred a large amount in surplus funds. In 1947 when founder Paul Harris died he, shortly before his passing, expressed a wish that the foundation would be energetically nursed. His parting words were followed by a board action to go out to get $2,000,000.00. The response was excellent and the first students were chosen for the year 1947-48. Since that time almost $13,000,000.00 has been contributed. A few years ago the 10 and 1 plan was approved by the board. This means the clubs will collect $10.00 from each new member, the club would then collect or contribute $1.00 per member per year. In the last two years the amount has exceeded $1,000,000.00 in each year and it is obvious that as the money is wisely spent there is no limit to the amount available from members and clubs and districts. In some years we have had 3 Int. committees, the Rotary Foundation Development Com., the Rotary Fellowship Com. and the Rotary Foundation Trustees. These committees had from 4 to 6 members. In 1964 this was changed to one committee to be known as The Rotary Foundation Trustees consisting of 6 Past Presidents and 5 other well versed and dedicated members. This will simplify
Page 247 E
the operation. For years we looked forward to the time when we could send a fellowship student from each district each year. We now have 278 districts. When funds were nearing the point of being able to finance this programme there began to come from the students themselves and then from leading universities complaints that the one year was not sufficient. This caused the Trustees and the board to take a good look at the situation. This study caused the board to retain the plan for each district to have a student every second year and to broaden the p]an. Now we retain the every other year plan but also have two or three new projects. In the year '66-67 - 26 Technical students were chosen. The rules are not so exacting. When a man shows skill in a certain line he may be chosen and from any district. It is expected 50 of these students will be chosen for 67-68 and 68-69. Also the Student Exchange is catching on and the Foundation pays the travelling expenses only and the District takes care of the students for the 6 or 8 weeks they are visiting. This seems to be a very popular plan. There is also another plan where students with onlv two years of university may be chosen for one year in a university or college in another country. In the year 65-66 there were 145 regular fellowship students chosen and for the year 66-67 - 151. This was made up of 142 men and 9 women. Most of us are pleased to see the women are again to he included. Up to March, 1966 the
Page 247 F
sum of $5,666,969 had been expended. The total students up to and including 66-67 was 2,136. At the Denver convention in June, 1966 the Treasurer reported $7,120,869.00 on hand. The convention approved the spending of $1,500,000.00 for the year beginning July 1, 1968 and $2,000,000.00 for the year beginning July 1, 1969.
The Undergraduate Study Students must be male and between 18 and 24 and have completed 2 years at university.
Looking back over the years since 1917 one in amazed to see what has been accomplished from the resolution adopted at Atlanta, Ga. in 1917.
As of now, Sept. '67 I am not tabulating any more on this as the Foundation is undergoing many changes and perhaps a new story in 1968.
The Foundation is spreading out each year. Now there are 4 classes of scholarships as follows:.
1. Graduate Fellowships. - Men and women must be unmarried and between the ages of 20 and 25. Bachelors degree or the equivalent. One from each district every other year.
2. In addition to above each district in the year when it does not have a
Page 247 G
graduate student, in fact every year the district may have an Undergraduate Scholarship. These students, men or women must be between 18 and 24, unmarried, and have completed 2 years or more at university level but have not attained a bachelors degree ort the equivalent.
3 Technical Training. These awards will be made to young technicians and artisans for one year’s study abroad. They may be married or single and between 21 and 35. No educational requirements except those established by the institution of training.
4. Group Study Exchange. This award will be given to a team of six outstanding young men 25 to 35, who are engaged in a business or profession. They are allowed to spend 2 months visiting another country. Rotarians of the district from which these men come or the one they visit must provide the teams itinerary and provide meals, lodging and transportation. Rotary Int. pays the round trip transportation between the two districts also for the Rotarian who accompanies the team and represents the Governor.
No additional fellowships will be awarded for the year 67-68 and thereafter.
The above allows each district in Rotary to have a fellowship student of one of these classifications every year.
Note:- Beginning with July 1st, 1970 and for 2 years the sum scent is not to exceed $2,000,000.00 per year. This is from the corpus of the Foundation.
I must admit I have not kept up on "The Foundation". It would take 10 pages per year, so write to Evanston for the history of it all. The Foundation is going strong with $1,946,000.00 voluntary contributions in 1969-70, and two districts one in Japan and one in Arizona contributed $100,000.00 in one year. Almost 9 millions in the bank and now spending $2,5000,000.00 per year.
(See B.1, Page 240 to 247H and B.2, Page P1 to P.18)
50 Years of Service
In 1955 on Rotary's 50th Anniversary, the above Book was produced by Rotary International.
Beautifully done, this 135 page 9 x 12 book tells the story of Rotary's first 50 years of Service.
1905 - The first "nickelodeon" opens in Pittsburgh. In Chicago, Paul Harris started the first Rotary Club.
1906 - Great agitation for woman's suffrage in England and U.S. Sir Frederick O. Hopkins, English biochemist, discovers Vitamins. The "Wagon Wheel" design adopted as Rotary' s emblem.
1907 - First wireless press message sent across the Atlantic. Rotary Club of Chicago installs public rest room in City Hall and Rotary Community Service is started.
1908 - Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist, expounds doctrinal of psychoanalysis. Rotary club number 2 is formed in San Francisco.
1909 - Peary discovers the North Pole after eight trials in 23 years. Radio is used for first time in a sea rescue. At Oakland, California No. 3 Club is organized. Rotary extends from the Pacific to Atlantic when Clubs are organized at New York and Boston.
1910 –Boy Scouts of America formed by Union
1910 - of Woodcraft Indians and Sons of Daniel Boone as extension of an idea originated in 1903 in England by Sir Robert Baden-Powell, The first Rotary convention is held in Chicago and the National Association of Rotary Clubs of America is formed from 16 Clubs in the U.S.A. Paul Harris, the founder, is chosen President and Ches. Perry, Secretary. The first club outside the United States is formed in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
1911 - Norwegian explorer Capt. Roald Amundsen, discovers the South Pole. Rotary club idea crosses the Atlantic and clubs are established in Dublin, Ireland; London, England and in Belfast, Ireland. In January 1911 the first issue of The National Rotarian appears.
1912- The first Girl Guide Scout troop in U.S. is organized at Savannah, Georgia by Justice Low based on Girl Guides devised in England in 1910. First Rotary club organized in Scotland at Glasgow.
1913 -The Peace Palace at The Hague is dedicated. First large scale disaster relief by Rotary club of Dayton, Ohio and other clubs for victims of Ohio and Indiana floods.
1914 - First Ocean liner passes through the Panama Canal. With declaration of World War I, eight Rotary clubs in Great Britain and Ireland gird for relief work. This included housing for Belgian refugees. Rotary club 100 started at Phoenix, Arizona.
(cont'd. Page 239A)
Page 249 A.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd.)
1915 - First Kiwanis Club organized a Detroit, Michigan. Rotary Clubs in Great Britain and Ireland intensify entertainment for wounded soldiers, combat battalions are raised, companies of Special constables organized. Standard Constitution and By-Laws adopted including provision for "additional active members". Rotary Code of Ethics adopted at the San Francisco Convention. Rotary is established in Hawaii at Honolulu. Rotary Club 200 established at Columbus, Georgia. Rotary system of districts established at the San Francisco convention.
1916 - Federal Child Labour Law enacted in U.S.A. First Rotary Club established in a non-English speaking country-Havana, Cuba.
1917 - Mexico adopts new Constitution providing for Universal Suffrage, the 8 hour day, minimum wage, arbitration of labour disputes and agrarian reform. Rotary Clubs in U.S. embark on many phases of war service, Liberty Loan drives, mobilization of school boys for farm work, "Smileage Book", camp signs for food, tobacco, books and magazines for use of armed service men at army' training camps. Endowment Fund started at the Atlanta, Ga. convention, the forerunner of The Rotary Foundation. A Rotary Club is established at Cardiff, Wales, the first in Wales. The 300th Club is organized at Huntington, Indiana.
1918 - In the U.S.A., the first regularly scheduled airmail service is inaugurated between Washington and New York City. First Rotary Club organized in Puerto. Rico at
Page 249 B.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont’d)
1918 - San Juan, and first club organized on South American continent, at Montevideo, Uruguay. 400th Rotary club started at Fort Scott, Kansas, U.S.A.
1919 – Capt. John Alcock and Lt. Arthur W, Brown, first to fly across the Atlantic, Newfoundland to Ireland, 1,936 miles, in 15 hours, 57 minutes. Rotary clubs are organized for the first time in the Philippine Islands, in China, in Panama, India and the Argentine. Charter No. 500 is issued to the Rotary Club of Fremont, Nebraska., U.S.A.
1920 - League of Nations holds first meetings. International Court of Justice established. 19th amendment, giving suffrage to women, added to Constitution of United States of America. Rotary Club of New York City holds first "Boys Week" observance, an event destined to extend to many countries and resulting in organization of National Boys and Girls Week Committee (U.S.A.), First Rotary club organized in Japan, at Tokyo.
1921- Conference for limitation of armaments meets in Washington. Rotarians James W. Davidson of Calgary, Alberta, Canada and J. Layton Ralston of Halifax Nova Scotia, Canada organize Rotary clubs at Melbourne and Wellington, first clubs to be started in Australia and New Zealand. The l,000th Rotary club. organized in ancient and historic City of York, England, International goodwill and peace objective
(cont’d Page 249 C
Page 249 C.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont’d)'
1921 - adopted at Edinburgh convention, first to be held outside North America, Rotary club's organized for first time in Union of South Africa, in France, in Mexico, Peru, and Denmark.
1922 - Two Portuguese aviators, Adm. Gago Coutinho and Com. Saccadura Cabral, fly from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, with stops at Cape Verde and Natal, making first, airplane crossing of South Atlantic. Name changed from "International Association of Rotary Clubs" to "Rotary International", Constitution and by-laws completely revised and adoption made mandatory for all new clubs subsequently organized Rotary Clubs organized for first time in Brazil, Norway, and in the Netherlands. Movement first initiated by Rotary to encourage adoption of business and professional standards of practice.
1923 - Juan de la Cievra, Spanish mathematician makes first successful autogyro flight in Madrid in a rotary wing aircraft. First transcontinental airmail service inaugurated in the U.S.A. Contributions amounting to thousands of dollars from Rotary clubs all over the world, and from Rotary International, sent to Rotary Club of Tokyo for relief in earthquake disaster. Portion of funds used by the club in building "Rotary Home" for orphans left homeless. New Rotary policy in community service formulated in famous Resolution 34. Rotary clubs started for first time in Belgium, Italy, and in Chile .
1924 – Greece becomes a republic. Turkey
Page 249 D.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont’d)
1924 - abolishes caliphate and declares for a Republic. Rotary clubs are organized for first time Switzerland, Bermuda and in Trieste. Total world wide Rotary membership passes l00,000 mark!
1925 - Locarno treaty for replacement of war by arbitration ratified by European powers. The Scottish inventor, John D. Baird, first demonstrates "televisor" early practical television device. Rotary International branch office established at Zurich, Switzerland. First Rotary clubs are organized Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Portugal and Guatemala. Charter No. 2,000 issued to new Rotary Club of Ketchikan, Alaska.
1926 - First polar flight by Lt. Comdr. Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett in a tri-motor Fokker from Spitzbergen over the North Pole and return, in 15 hours. Treaty limiting arms traffic signed by thirty-two nations at Geneva. First Pacific Rotary Conference held Honolulu with more than 400 present from eight countries. First Rotary clubs are started in Sweden, Finland and Colombia.
1927 - On 2 May, Charles A. Lindberg, in monoplane "Spirit of St. Louis", flies alone, nonstop from New York to Paris in 33½ hours. First transatlantic telephone service opened 3, 000th Rotary club organized in Talca, Chile. First Rotary clubs started in Paraguay, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Bolivia, Germany, Java, Korea, and at Lahore, in what is now Pakistan.
(cont’d, Page 249 E)
Page 249 E.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd.)
1928 – Paris pact for outlawing war signed. Russia announces start of Five Year Plan. First all talking moving picture, "Lights of New York," presented in New York City. James W. Davidson of Calgary, Alberta, Canada carries the Rotary idea to countries in the Orient. He is impressed by Rotary's genius for uniting divergent elements for the community good. First Rotary club started in Greece in the Federated Malay States.
1929 -Major Carl Spaatz and Capt. Ira Baker in a U.S. Army Fokker, achieve first endurance record (at Los Angeles), remaining aloft 150 hours, 40 minutes, aided by refueling. Com. Richard E. Byrd, with a crew of three, flies over the South Pole. James H. Doolittle, American aviator, proves feasibility of blind flying by taking off and landing entirely with instruments. Graf Zeppelin (Hugo Eckener, commander), circum-navigate the globe. James W. Davidson organizes Rotary clubs for first time in Egypt, Palestine, Malaya, Ceylon, and Burma. Other Rotary clubs organized in Western Hemisphere, in Honduras and Nicaragua; on Continent of Europe, in Yugoslavia, Rumania and Luxembourg.
1930 - Prime Minister Aristide Briand urges formation of "United. States of Europe". On 1-2 September, two French aviators, Capt. Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte make first nonstop flight, Paris to New York, 4,100 miles, in.37 hours, 18 minutes. Silver anniversary Rotary convention held in Chicago, with delegates registered from 58 countries. Past service members first made available to members
Page 249 F.
THE GOLDEN B0OK (Cont’ d)
1930 - who have retired. For first time, Rotary clubs are organized in Algeria, Hong Kong, the French Zone of Morocco, Southern Rhodesia, Straits Settlements, Kenya, Siam, and the Saar.
1931 - Ernest Orlando Lawrence, American physicist, invents the cyclotron, making possible researches into the structure of the atom and creation of nuclear transmutation. Rotary clubs started for first time in Poland, Lebanon and Danzig. World-wide depression reflected in Rotary in the loss of 18 clubs, largest loss reported to date.
1932 - Treaty signed between Canada and United States for proposed development of St. Lawrence waterway into a ocean lane and power project. Capt, Albert F. Regenberger, U.S, Army Air Corps, makes first solo airplane flight entirely by instruments. Great Zuider Zee reclamation dike in The Netherlands completed. First Rotary club organized in Latvia, and in the International Zone of Morocco.
1933 - Wiley Post, American aviator, in a solo flight in a Lockheed Vega, encircles globe in 7 day, 18 hours. Charles and Anne Lindbergh, on a goodwill mission, fly 30, 000 miles visiting 21 countries. Revista Rotarian, magazine for Rotarians of Ibero-America is inaugurated. First club started in Bulgaria. The "Four Test" is first publicized.
(cont’d page 249G)
Page 249 G
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd)
1934 - U.S. Congress grants independence to Philippines, later ratified by Philippine Legislature, to become effective in 1945. A One-time Austrian paper hanger becomes supreme dictator of Germany! Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, first demonstrates that bombardment of elements by neutrons causes transmutations, thus adding one more link in chain leading to discovery and use of atomic energy. First Council on Legislation held as an integral part of the Rotary convention. Rotary clubs for the first time organized in Iceland and Lithuania. .
1935 -The French liner, S. S. "Normandie" on its maiden voyage crosses the Atlantic in 4 days, 11 hours and 42 minutes to establish a new record. Social Security bill signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the U.S. First transpacific commercial air service, California to Philippines, established by Pan American’s "China Clipper." First Rotary club organized in Tunisia at Tunis. Rotary’s "objects" revised from six to four. Rotarians in South America participate widely in organize relief work for prisoners of war in Bolivia and Paraguay.
1936 - Twenty-one American republics sign neutrality pact. Zeppelin "Hindenburg" inaugurates regular trans-atlantic service. First Rotary Regional Conference for South America, held at Valparaiso, Chile. First Rotary club in Fiji Islands organized at Suva; and first club in Sarawak is started at Kuching. Rotary charter No. 4,000 issued to new club at Hanover, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Page 249 H.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont’d)
1937 - Federal constitution for India becomes effective with Burma as a separate dependency. New constitution adopted by Irish Free State. Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco completed. Length of main span 4,200 feet, longest .in the world. As a result of pressure by Nazi authorities 42 Rotary clubs in Germany and the club in the Free City of Danzig are disbanded. Rotary clubs organized for first time in Venezuela, The Netherlands, West Indies, Monaco, and Syria.
1938 - Otto Hahn, German chemist, discovers uranium fission, marking a turning point, in the search for the secret of atomic energy. Production of first light-weight Diesel engine announced. Howard Hughes, American aviator and manufacturer, makes record flight, around the world in 91 hours, 14 minutes, 10 seconds. Rotary clubs in Austria and Italy are disbanded, prelude to what was to occur during next five years in 33 other countries invaded by Axis armies or coming under influence of Nazi regime. Rotary extends for first time to Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Cyprus.
1939 - Pan American Airways inaugurates regular commercial flights between United States and Europe via the Azores. First "network" telecast on night of 8 December by General Electric Company’s experimental station W2XB to Rotary clubs meeting in Schenectady, Albany, and Troy, New York, U.S.A. Loss of clubs and members in Axis and Axis-dominated countries more than offset by admission of new clubs in other countries. First clubs established
(Cont’d, Page 249 I)
Page 249 I.
1939 - in French West Africa and on the Marianas Islands. "Senior membership" established for members of long standing willing to relinquish their classifications; subsequently changed to senior motive membership. Charter No. 5,000 issued to new Rotary Club of Rockmart, Georgia, U.S.A. Severe earthquake disaster in Chile brings relief contributions from clubs throughout the Americas and other areas.
1940 - Prime Minister Churchill makes historic address to House of Commons telling Britain that war means "blood, sweat, and tears." The possibility of splitting the atom of U-235 is demonstrated and the basic facts relating to the release of atomic energy become known throughout the scientific world. The Havana convention adopts "respect for human rights" resolution. Rotary clubs in Great Britain, brace themselves for war service as conflagration spreads throughout Europe and an attempted invasion of England seems imminent.
1941 - As a result of Rotary relief fund contributions, thousands of food parcels forwarded to Rotarians in European prisoner-of-war camps, Rotary clubs in Switzerland organize relief measures for Belgian and French refugees, especially woman and children. Inauguration of first "The Americas Speak" goodwill programs broadcast over radio network by Rotary clubs throughout the Americas.
Page 249 J.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont’d)
1942 - Inter-American conference opens at Rio de Janeiro convened for purpose of uniting Republics in the Americas against aggression. Rotary conference called in London by District 13 of ministers of education and observers, representing twenty-one governments (many then in exile), for the purpose of considering organization of a vast educational and cultural exchange -eventually resulting in UNESCO. Joint declaration by United Nations inspires clubs everywhere to all-out efforts, in aiding in prosecution of the war, not the least of which were numerous projects for raising civilian and military morale.
1943 - The war tempo increases in the Allied countries. People everywhere pattern their lives to blackouts, air-raid warnings, ration books, and censorship. Curative properties of penicillin demonstrated for first time by Sir Edward W. Flossy, British pathologist, and a team of Oxford colleagues. A few miles northwest of Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A, woodsmen begin clearing a huge area for an amazing structure to house an "atomic operation" known as Manhattan Project". Launching of Rotary "Work Pile" plan gives great stimulus to community surveys of possible post war work. In Finland, Rotary clubs take up projects related to the care of boys and girls orphaned by war. Rotary extends to the Dominican Republic,
1944 - Conference of experts representing 44 nations, meeting at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, U.S.A. reach agreement on
(see Page 249 K)
Page 249 K.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd)
1944 - plan for stabilizing world currencies and for promoting international reconstruction and development. Dumbarton Oaks conference of representatives of United States, Britain, Russia, and China, meeting in Washington, District of Columbia, formulate a pattern for a United Nations organization. In Sweden, more than 32,000 Finnish children are domiciled in Swedish homes, Rotary clubs assuming an important part in this humanitarian work. "Work Pile" idea for surveying and planning for postwar work projects, is adopted by many other organizations.
1945 - Forty-nine Rotarians serve as delegates, advisers, or consultants at San Francisco Conference of 46 "United Nations." Release of atomic energy for explosive purposes demonstrated by use of an atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima Japan, 8 August. Rotary clubs (U.S.A. and Canada) asked to "spearheart" great used-clothing drive for benefit of war-devastated areas throughout world. Sixty-six clubs readmitted in France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway, Guam, and the Philippines.
1946 - First General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London (10 January).
Among the non-governmental organizations represented, Rotary has three observers. International Military Tribunal meeting in Nuremberg finds 19 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes. Twelve are sentenced to die by hanging; seven are sent to prison; three are acquitted. First draft of new constitution announced by Japan, one clause of which outlaws war. U.S. Army Signal
Page 249 L.
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd )
1946 - Corps reports a radar beam had reached the moon!
1947 – The "Marshall Plan" is announced, promising aid to free nations striving toward rehabilitation. William. P. Odom, American aviator, flies around world, achieving new record of 19,645 miles in 73 hours, 5 minutes, 11 seconds at Brookhaven, Long Island, New York, U.S.A., construction is started on first peace-time atomic energy pile. Pakistan given dominion status under framework of British Commonwealth. Rotary Foundation Fellowships are dedicated as a memorial to Rotary Founder, Paul P. Harris (whose death occurred on 27 January). Eighteen Fellowships granted for the scholastic year 1947-48, Rotary club organized in Macao.
1948 - At. the 9th Pan American Conference in Bagota, Colombia, the "Organization of Twenty-one American States" is created. Free State of Israel proclaimed in Tel Aviv. Seven Japanese war leaders found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death by hanging. First international Rotary convention in Southern Hemisphere convenes at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. First Rotary club organized in Tanganyika, at Dar-Es-Salaam.
1949 -Federal Republic of Western Germany proclaimed in Bonn; U,S.S.R. sets German Democratic Republic in Eastern Germany. World receives news that first atomic explosion has taken place in U.S.S.R. "Berlin Blockade" lifted and Western counter-blockade discontinued. "Lights go on" in
(cont'd. Page 249 M)
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THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd)
1949 - British unrestricted, for first time in 20 years. Rotary clubs again established in Japan, Korea, Germany, and the Saar. Announcement made that as of 31 December over 11,000 food and merchandise packages had been sent to Rotarians and their families in war-devastated areas.
1950 - Jerusalem proclaimed capital of the New State of Israel. At New Delhi, India proclaimed an independent republic. On 24 June, the Republic of Korea is invaded by forces of the People's Democratic Republic of Korea (Communist). United Nations names Communist China the aggressor. Vietnam becomes sovereign nation within the French Union. New Republic of Indonesia proclaimed.
1951 - Transcontinental television inaugurated (4 Sept.), in United States, when President Truman, speaking in San Francisco is seen and heard over a network of 94 stations by an estimated 40,000,000 people. The original Rotary Foundation goal of $2,000,000 is reached on 9 May.
1952 - Britain's first successful atomic test takes place (3 Oct,) off coast of northwest Australia. Puerto Rico adopts constitution thus becoming first commonwealth of the United States of America. Total contributions to the Rotary Foundation by mid-year exceed $3,200,000. First Rotary club organized in North Borneo, at Jesselton.
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1953 - Floods and tidal wave in The Netherlands bring relief contributions from Rotary clubs throughout the world. A British Canberra twin-jet bomber flies from Aldergrove, Northern Ireland, to Gander, Newfoundland and back in 7 hours, 59 minutes actual flying time. Total elapsed time, l0 hours. The first round-trip across the Atlantic in a single day. Ground broken (3 May) for new Rotary Headquarters Building in Evanston, Illinois, U.S.A. 44th annual convention held in Paris, France, with registration of 10,107 from 76 countries, sets two new records the largest convention held out aide U.S.A., and the most representative International of all conventions. Rotary clubs organized for the first time in Vietnam, South West Africa, Northern Rhodesia, and Surinam. Total contributions to the Rotary Foundation exceed $3,400,000.
1954 - First Rotary club organized in Brunei State, to be officially known as the Rotary Club of Belait District, deriving its name from "Kuala Belait," the town from which the district is administered by the government. Rotary clubs organized in 89 countries. Number of Rotary clubs throughout the world passes the 8,000 mark? Cornerstone Ceremony for new Rotary Headquarters Building (16 May). The author of "The Four-Way Test," Rotarian Herbert J. Taylor presents as a gift from his Company to Rotary International the copyright to the "Test." Secretariat at of Rotary International moves into new headquarters building. The
(Cont’d Page 249 0)
Page 249 0
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd)
1954- second regional Rotary Ibero-American Conference convenes in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 14 April; and the fifth regional conference of Rotary clubs of the European, North African and Eastern Mediterranean Region is held in Ostend, Belgium, (10-13 September),
-(From a preview perspective). As this is being written, looking ahead to a rapidly approaching event that "comes but once in a lifetime," the words GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY are emblazoned high across the Rotary horizon. Momentous plans are in the making for the anniversary period of the first six months of 1955 culminating in a convention in Chicago which promises to break all records. It was in Chicago that it all started fifty years ago, and it is back to Chicago that the Rotary Traveller, now fullgrown, returns for the parental blessing. The postal administrations of a number of countries have already authorized the issue of a postage stamp, or stamps, commemorating the Golden Anniversary. Among these countries can be included the United States of America, the country of Rotary's origin, which will issue a special stamp to be put on sale for the first time in Chicago on the 23rd of February, fifty years to a day from that "first Rotary meeting" when the new idea was launched upon its way. Thus many countries are taking cognizance of the approaching event, with official or semi-official plans to honor Rotary not only within their own boundaries, but to applaud this international
THE GOLDEN BOOK (Cont'd.)
movement that has spread to so many places - whose service program and humanitarian efforts have brought peace and understanding closer to a war-torn and war-weary world!
TEN MARKS OF A GOOD CITIZEN.
1. He is well informed on local and world affairs.
2. He is courteous, unselfish, friendly-gets along well with others - is a good neighbor.
3. He is sincere, dependable, and takes an active part in the church or religious community of his choice.
4. He appreciates what others have done for him and accepts responsibility for the future betterment of his community.
5. He is fair and just in his relations with others.
6. He obeys the laws of his community and nation.
7. He votes regularly and intelligently at election time.
8. He is interested in the freedom and welfare of all of the world's peoples and does his part to secure them.
9. He is productive-renders a worthwhile service to his fellow man.
10. He sets a good example to the youth of his community.
(copyright 1954, Rotary International)
Copyright© Daniel W. Mooers
Rotary® and Rotary International® are registered trademarks of Rotary International