Joseph A. Caulder Collection
Past Rotary International Director 1928-29 - Regina, Sask., Canada
"Eyewitness to Rotary International's First 50 Years"
JOSEPH A. CAULDER - An eyewitness to Rotary International's first 50 years.
Rotary Information, Book 1
Go to [Pages 50-99] [Pages 100-151] [Pages 152-200] [Pages 201-249] [Pages 250-End]
Page 2. (Pagination as in Original)
Many men have tried to write a definition of Rotary. In this book, on page 153, the reader will find a definition by Stamp W. Wortley, a Past President of R.I.B.I. and a past director of R.I. This may be one of the best yet written.
Explaining Rotary is difficult because of the different appeals it makes on the individual. To one man it is just a pleasant place to have lunch and meet good fellows. To others it is the last word in Fellowship which we all crave. To another it is the place where men meet who are interested in the problems of Youth or in helping Crippled Children or in helping old folks who need help.
Another man is interested in the Rotary Foundation, or perhaps Vocational Service, or in Community affairs. It is fortunate we are not all interested in the same phase of Rotary work.
Rotary provides many avenues of service.
The member is chosen and does not apply. He should feel it a compliment that some friend took the lead in proposing his name because that proves to him that individual believes and helped convince the Club officials that he had the makings a good Rotarian.
(cont'd P. 2-A)
THIS THING WE CALLED ROTARY (cont’d)
This book, together with book two, contains much interesting information on how from four men around a table in a small Chicago room could, in 57 years, grow to 520,000 men in over 11,000 clubs in 128 geographical areas of the world.
J. A. CAULDER.
March 1st, 1963 -Now 11,433 clubs in 128 countries with approximately 533,500 members.
Country 129 added Mar. 17, 1963-see page 212, Book 1.
See page 212 - Book 1 for current changes after March 13th, 1963.
Paul Harris - lawyer - American.
Sylvester Schiele - coal dealer.
Gus Loehr - mining engineer
Hiram Shorey - tailor.
Sylvester Schiele was a Baptist and an old friend of old friend of our own Fred Conant who lived in Chicago prior to 1905. There were three nationalities in the group of four and when the club had 30 members it had members of Protestant, R. C. and Jewish faiths. Schiele became the first President of the Chicago Club and A. L. White was the second President and Paul Harris was No.3, and re-elected for the second year but resigned before he had served the full two years.
ROTARIANS NOT SAINTS
Not saints, but just men who try to follow the Golden Rule.
In 1906 Dr. C. W. Hawley, an eye specialist, told the club one evening that a young Doctor in a Chicago suburb of La Grange had lost his horse. He was a young and struggling Doctor (Doctors did not have Cadillacs in 1906) and the loss to him was great. The hat was passed and $150.00 raised to buy the Doctor a horse.
Then in 1907 the Club was trying to find something worthwhile it could do. Someone suggested a Public Comfort Station for downtown Chicago. At once the idea was accepted and with the approval of Chicago City Council, the sum of $20,000.00 was raised and it was built in the City Hall, and in 1959 is still in use.
And so Community Service was established as a part of Rotary's job.
THE FIRST CLUB OUTSIDE U.S.A.
Winnipeg No. 35 1910
In book II Page H 1 by Harry L. Ruggles, Rotarian number 5 in Chicago No.1, there is a fine article on Paul. In another article in book II beginning page L 1, and by the same author, there is much more on how Paul started Rotary Club No. 1. Another article beginning on page M 1 tells the story of the early days of Rotary in Chicago.
This short article is to record how some of the later recruits remember Paul.
I first met Paul at the Salt Lake City Rotary Convention in June 1919 and I knew him intimately until his death in 1947. To know Paul Harris was to love and admire him. He was a kindly soul who loved people. He proved this early in life when after graduating from Iowa State College in Law in 1891 at the age of 23, he decided to take five years to see the world and get to know people. A sketchy story of these five years is told in the articles above referred to.
There would be no Rotary today in 128 areas of the world with over 11,000 clubs, had Paul Harris not been born in Racine, Wis. on April 19th, 1868. Perhaps the first article in book II that should be read begins an page F. 1 and written by Paul's law partner, Fred Reinhardt. From l919 until 1947 these men were law partners. Paul never grew rich in law because he was too anxious to assist some penniless
PAUL HARRIS (cont’d.)
widow or an orphan or someone who was charged with a crime he not commit. However, he was respected in legal circles and represented the Illinois Bar Association at International Law Conventions in Europe and elsewhere.
When Chicago No. 1 was organized he refused to be the first President and insisted on his friend Silvester Schiele assuming office. Then A. L. White and Paul Harris was the third.
I now jump ahead to 1929. I was competing my year on the R. I. Board. My conference was held in Regina, Sask., my then home city. I decided to ask Paul to come to my Conference. He was not well but he agreed to come. Our one hotel was not very high class so when Paul arrived Margaret and I asked him to stay at our home. He readily agreed and we had the honour of having Paul with us for four days. He made such a hit with the some 600 attending that the clubs of Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon and Winnipeg all begged me to have Paul made the circuit and address them. Rotary International was not very rich and when an official went on a trip the clubs participating had to pay all expenses. Paul agreed and we arranged for an overnight trip to each city and bought and paid for drawing rooms so he could travel in comfort. A week or so later the railroads sent cheques covering refunds as Paul Harris, the founder of Rotary, and a world figure, took lower berths instead. This was Paul Harris.
(Cont’d P. 6-A.)
PAUL HARRIS (cont’d.)
Those of us who were privileged to visit his comfortable but not expensive home in Chicago and spend an evening with Paul and Jean, could never forget the experience.
J. A. C.
NOTE: - See also pages F 1 to F 5 for an article on Paul Harris by his law partner Fred Reinhardt, and also pages H 1 to H 6 - Book 2.
As one visits Rotary clubs around the world he is struck by the fact that Rotary seems to fit everywhere. Also it seems to fill the needs, to a degree, of every locality.
A visit to the club at Addis Ababa in 1956 when the club was only a year old. This is the Capitol of Ethiopia. The German Ambassador was the President. It was not easy to realize that one was visiting a club of the world's most backward countries
The same surprise at a very small club in India or a South American country. In Rangoon or Tel Aviv or Taipai in Taiwan, or as we know it, Formosa, causes one to reflect on how wise our Founding Fathers of Rotary were.
1. Attend Rotary meetings regularly.
2. Keep your financial obligations to Rotary up-to-date.
3. Get better acquainted with your fellow members.
4. Widen your friendships by visiting other Rotary Clubs and by attending District Conferences and International Conventions.
5. Help your Clubs' advancement in the realm of International Understanding, good will and peace.
6. Spread the idea of Service which is the spirit of Rotary
7. Practice in your daily living Rotary’s Four Way test and base your decision on this philosophy which states -
a. Is it the truth?
b. Is it fair to all concerned?
c. Will it build goodwill and better friendships?
d. Will it be beneficial to all concerned?
8. Support Rotary projects with your talent, your time and your finances.
9. Help your Club grow in membership by proposing men in the Community whom you thin would become good Rotarians, and are eligible within the concept of the Classification principle.
10. Never say "no" to a task assigned to you by presiding officers of Rotary.
CHRISTMAS MESSAGE 1930
As my LASSIE Jean and I were strolling around the yard one summer afternoon, our minds reverted to the blessings which were ours. We listed our home, perched on the hill top midst friendly oaks and with evergreens in plenty to give impression of warmth when cold winds blow; we also listed books and household goods, sacred accumulations of years and representing many sacrifices.
n An impulse suggested the question: Would life be worth living without these things? It did not long to answer, Yes, life is even more sacred.
n Then came another: Is there anything more valuable than life? We thought of touch of vanished hands and the sound of voices stilled and realized that there are things without which life would be so sterile that it might well end. If there were no such things as fellowship with friends and communion with loved ones, life would be darker than starless night.
n Friendship can hurdle national boundary lines, religious and political differences; and with love all things is possible.
n Christmas is day plucked from the calendar of the Millennium, love’s own day. That its spirit may illumine your pathway to the last stop of the journey and that every day may be Christmas throughout the world, by and by, is the fervent wish of
JEAN AND PAUL HARRIS.
I'M A NEW MEMBER
"I see you at the meetings, but you never say hello.
You're busy all the time you're there with those you already know.
I sit amongst the fellows, yet I'm a lonesome guy.
The new fish are as strange as I; you old ones pass us by.
But darn it, you guys asked us in, and you talk of fellowship;
You could just step across the room but you've never made the trip.
Why can't you nod and say hello! or stop and shake my hand,
Then go and sit among your friends -now that I'd understand.
I'll be at your next meeting, perhaps a nice lunch to spend,
Do you think you could introduce yourself? I want to be a friend."
- -Rotary Club of New York
One of the original first four and Rotary’s first President. Chicago No. l - 1905. Born in a log cabin in Clay City, Indiana of German ancestry, in 1870
Served in the Spanish American War.
About 1896 he loaned a friend $20.00. The friend did not repay and Silvester engaged a young lawyer by the name of Paul Harris, who collected the $20.00
on his first call. This started a life-long friend Paul Harris told the writer that he would often have given up the first year except for the encouragement he got from Silvester Schiele.
Now Paul and Silvester lie side by side in a Chicago cemetery and on Silvester’s stone is carved "Co-founder with Paul Harris of Rotary International".
About five months after the club was organized, Feb. 23rd, 1905, Silvester suggested to Paul that members be asked to give a talk on their own business and Paul eagerly agreed and told Silvester that he would be the first speaker. He was and in so doing he established what we now know as "Vocational Service Talks", or Classification Talks.
Silvester served a few months as Treasurer of Rotary International after the death of Rufus Chapin and before Dick Vernor was appointed to that office.
(cont'd. next page)
At Silvester’s funeral service the minister said: "Silvester did not have a Sunday profession and a Monday practice".
Fred Conant of the Toronto Club knew Silvester well as both attended the same Baptist Church in Chicago.
One of the early day men said, "Silvester was a Tower of Strength". Doubtful if Paul would have succeeded only for Silvester. Paul had quite a business in small collections. His chance meeting with Silvester in a friend’s office, and the $20.collected built two lasting friendships and we owe much to Silvester Schiele.
Note-Mount Hope Cemetery - Chicago.
1959 - 344 CLUBS IN CANADA
Canada’s representatives on the Board since 1921-22. Dr. McCullough of Ft. Williams was President and in 1922-23 he was Immediate Past President. In that same year H. Jeffrey Lyciatt of Calgary was elected to the Board from Canada and since then there has always been a Board member from Canada. This is rather amazing as no other world area with less than 500 clubs has a director each year. These first officers and Governors from Canada in the early days, did great service for Rotary.
Harry Ruggles brought Ches. Perry into the club in January 1908. Ches. had served in the Spanish-American War (about 1900) and was employed by the Chicago Public Library. At the first convention in 1910 he was hired as Secretary (then 16 clubs and 1800 members) on a part time basis at $100.00 a month. The first year he only collected $400.00. In 1911 at the Portland Convention he was hired on full time as Secretary at $1,800.00. He held that position until the close of the Toronto convention - June 30, 1942. When he retired and Phil Lovejoy took over. Ches. Perry made Rotary. He was President of the Chicago club in 1944-45. Still very active in Rotary although he was born September 12, 1872, so is 87 this year. (1959).
- - - - -
NOTE - Paul Harris told this recorder that Ches. Perry deserves 90% of the
credit for Rotary’s growth and standing in the world.
- - - - -
NOTE - Also see Book 2 page J-l Ches. Perry by Paul Harris.
NOTE - Chesley R. Perry died on Feb.. 21st, 1960 at his home 3648 North Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois.
Homer WOOD, a young San Francisco lawyer in Chicago on business in 1907. Taken to Rotary by a friend. He returned to San Francisco and organized the first Club outside Chicago; Homer Wood and Past President Bru Brunnier were Charter members and still active in the Club in 1960.
USE OF FIRST NAME
There is no regulation in Rotary about use of first names. That was the custom in Wallingford, Vermont where Paul Harris grew up. He suggested it be done in Chicago No.1 and the custom grew. It is not by any means universal, however. General in North America only.
Formed at Liverpool in Oct. 1913 when the British Isles only had 8 clubs. R. W. (Bill) Pentland became the first President and Dr. Thos. Stephenson of Edinburgh the first. Honorary Secretary. The first representation from Great Britain appeared (unannounced) at the Buffalo Convention in 1913.
S. SCHIELE, Coal
Schiele Bros. Coal Co.)
1245 State St., South 195
PAUL P. HARRIS, Attorney
91 Dearborn St., Central 2018
G. H. LOEHR, Mining
711 Unity Building Central 1365
H. L. RUGGLES, Printer,
(H. L. Ruggles & Co.)
142 Monroe Street Central 1120
(Regelin, Jenson & Co.)
Real Estate, Renting
105 Washington St. Central .3283
DR. GEO. E. BAXTER, physician
34 Washington St. Central 2415
(11:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M.)
1916 Evanston Ave. LakeView 370
(8:30 A.M., 4 to 5, 7 to 8 P.M.)
J. S. TUNNISON, Life Insurance
424 Marquette Bldg. Central 4043
ARTHUR B. IRWIN
(Standard Laundry Co.)
1818 Wabash Ave. South 494
A. L. WHITE.
Piano & organ manufacturer.
315 Englewood Ave. Normal 382 .
E. W. TODD,
Hay and Grain
1315 Wabash Ave. South 23
J. J. COMSTOCK,
J. J. MURPHY
Murphy & Co., Dairymen
45 Peck Court Harrison 1982
DR. C. W. FAWLEY.
Chicago Savings Bank Central 2508
Bldg. Cor State & Madison
O. C. GAYLORD.
59 Dearborn St. Central 5835
A. H. A. MORTIMER.
Mortimer Pure Food Co.
67 Washington St. Central 1981
J. P. SULLIVAN.
J. P. Sullivan & Co. Painting
308 Thirty-first St. Douglas 1080
DR. WILL R._NESS.
1112 Republic Bldg. Harrison 1820
CHAS. A. NEWTON
H. J. Ullman & Co.,
159 LaSalle St., Central 1129
CHAS. P. WEIL.
Weil Bros. & Co. Ruling & Binding,
298 Dearborn St., Harrison 2246
H. H. PORTER,
1103 Stock Exchange Bldg.
In August 1905, Rotary’s Number One Club issued this roster. H. L. Ruggles is fourth on the list.
From this 1905 Roster No.1 it will be noted that Silvester Schiele, Paul Harris, Harry L. Ruggles and Chas. Newton all played a prominent part in Rotary's progress. A. L. White, of course, was second President. Bill Todd's feed store is mentioned when a visitor started to tell a shady story. The Club were meeting at Todds store that night. Wm. Jenson served Rotary No.1 well for some time. Dr. Hawley is mentioned when the Club collected $150.00 to buy the young doctor a new horse. Dr. Will Neff, the dentist, is mentioned in the early history. Max Goldenberg was in the club in 1905 but not when this Roster was printed. When Max died in 1961 the last of the 1905 members had gone.
NO ASSESSMENTS IN ROTARY
Nothing will kill a Club more quickly than assessments.
FELLOWSHIP IN ROTARY
If a member contributes nothing else, he can still make a worthwhile contribution in simply helping to develop Fellowship and Friendship in the Club.
Glen V. Peacock of Calgary is not The Canadian Director on the R. I. Board for 1958-59 and 1959-60, but is The Director from Canada.
We do not belong to the Toronto Rotary Club, but to the Rotary Club of Toronto.
Do we check up on our personal habits and on our business methods at times to make sure we are living up to Rotary standards.
Chicago No. 1 adopted 3 objects as early as January, 1910. At the first convention in 1910 the National Association of Rotary Clubs increased the Objects to five, The International Association adopted four Objects at the 1912 convention and adopted a model club Constitution with five Objects. At the San Francisco convention 1915 the Objects were revised and the 6th added. Again rewritten at the Kansas City convention in l918 and reduced to four. At Salt Lake City convention 1919 a change was made in the Objects for the Standard Club Constitution. At Edinburgh in 1921 another revision and the revision made the 4th Object the International Aspect. At the 1922 convention in Los Angeles the name was changed to Rotary International. The Objects were revised and number 6 became 6 became the International Clause. At Ostend 1927 a slight change in wording. At Mexico City 1935 Objects reduced to four. At Atlantic City convention in 1951 Objects were changed to read "Object". Always trying to clarify Rotary's objectives or Object into language all the world could understand.
NOTE - The problem was to write in English words that could be freely translated into many languages with change of meaning.
On January 1st, 1948 this Club had 19 Jews,13 Moslems, 12 Christians and 1 Dutchman who would be a Christian. The President was a Moslem, the Secretary was a Jew and the Treasurer a Christian. This Club never missed a meeting through the three or four years of turmoil.
DOES NOT REPLACE THE CHURCH
Rotary is not a religion and does not replace the. Church. Neither does it replace the Lodge or the Chamber of Commerce, or any other worthy organization_.
SIZE OF CLUBS
In the United States 40% of the clubs are in small towns and villages and have an average membership of under 50.
Average for the Rotary world is about 47.
Organized in 1911. The second club in the British Isles. Harvey Wheeler of Boston lighted the spark. This was Club No. 50. Then, Edinburgh - Liverpool and Glasgow.
In the very early days Harry L. Ruggles who was a printer, sent out postcard notices. Then Red Ramsey suggested a weekly publication. It was called "The Rotary Yell", until Roughhouse Chapin (Treasurer Rufus Chapin for many years) suggested the name should be "Gyrator" which was Rotary spelled backwards but started with a G.
Harry Ruggles says that no one now remembers why Rufe added the G but no doubt because the word "Yrator" would not look or sound well. In 1959 the Chicago Gyrator is still going strong.
From 1905 until 1958 or 1959 must have reached the age of 21. Now, 1959, no minimum age.
NOTE -In the Rotary manual no age is mentioned as a minimum now (1963) but the words "Adult male persons" are used. The word 'adult' has different lands.
Altrusa -organized Nashville, Tenn. 1917
Pilot Club International-organized at Macon, Georgia1921
Quota International - Buffalo1918
Zonta International -1919
(From The Rotarian - Feb. 1955)
TOWARD MY NEIGHBOUR
A great book on Rotary in G. B. & I. written by C. R. Hewitt - 1930. Mr. Hewitt never belonged to Rotary.
Harry Ruggles, the 5th man to join Rotary in 1905, wrote a Code of Ethics for the printing trade in 1907. This was the first outside the Legal and Medical professions. This was the forerunner of the great job done by Guy Gundaker of Philadelphia (President R.I. 1923-24) when he helped to write 125 Codes in the 1920-25.
Tough and controlled by crooked politicians. Upton Sinclair wrote "The Jungle" in 1905. Exposed conditions in Chicago. Even expert and dangerous labour earned a man 15¢ per hour. No holidays. No Workmen's Compensation, family allowance or old age pensions.
What is Rotary’s contributions to the great change we have seen? I wish we had a machine for measuring good done by an individual or organization such as we have for measuring applause.
This was the Chicago of 1905. When Rotary came into existence.
Howard Feighner, later Convention Manager, was Secretary of the Club in 1915. As soon as everyone was seated it was one of his duties to go out and check every hat band to see that no member had bought a hat from anyone except the man in the club holding the classification of - Mens Hats Retailing. By 1916 0r 1917 this had almost disappeared from Rotary.
Civil Club - London 1669. Two. Penny Club London 1711 only one from each profession or business. Rev. James Woodforde’s diary January 13, 1777. He had joined a "Rotation Club" - name from meeting at members’ homes. Ben-Franklin - Junta Club - and kept it going for almost 40 years. Early 1600's Rota Club of London. Took turns at entertaining in homes and offices. Paul and his first three knew nothing of these other clubs. Perhaps they lacked a Paul Harris - Silvester Schiele - Ches. Perry or Arthur Frederick Sheldon.
THE FIRST CLUB OUTSIDE NORTH AMERICA
Dublin, Ireland - Feb. 22nd, 1911.
Wm. McConnell of Dublin, Ireland was the founder. He died in 1959. He was assisted by Stuart Morrow, formerly of San Francisco.
I believe in the Rotary ideals
I would like my life to follow the 4-Way Test and only by remaining with Rotary can I hope to do this.
I enjoy being a part of an organization that attempts to think or others, rather than themselves all of the time.
I like Rotary’s way of bring together a group of men from all parts of my community and basing this group’s purpose of Fellowship and Service.
I'm sure you have your own reasons but if you haven't thought about it, take a few minutes to review your own privileges of being a Rotarian.
IS OUR CLUB HEALTHY?
Let's all guard against the following unhealthy symptoms: malnutrition due to lack of Rotary information, inspiration, and leadership; general debility due to lack of service projects; aging through loss of membership growth and vision; and disease from carelessness in classification, apathy towards attendance, and self above service.
Winnipeg Rotary Whizz.
Telegram Jan. 28. 1931 - Wm. J. Stewart was Mayor. Hotel men proposed transfer of hotel control from Liquor Control Board to a commission made up of representatives of Rotary Convention and Tourist Bureau - Commercial Travellers organizations and hotel owners.
(Toronto Tely-Looking backward Jan 28/56)
1935 Mexico City
1937 Nice, France
1967 Nice, France
1968 Mexico City, Mexico
1971 Sydney, Australia
RE: CHARLES NEWTON (NO.7)
At first meetings were held in the evenings at each member's place of business. Charlie suggested that they meet at a café for dinner and then go to one of the business places for fellowship. The first place Burton F. White' s restaurant, then The Breevort, Morrison Hotel, Stratford, and Sherman House. Then the noon luncheon at Vogelsangs Café (in the basement) on Madison St. These were called "Ways and Means Com." and no attendance was recorded. Next the noon meetings were made official and evening meetings were ended.
The First Constitution and By-laws were adopted in January 1906. They were drawn up by Paul Harris, Max L. Woolf and Charlie Newton. Charlie was on almost every committee that revised the Constitution and Bylaws until he moved to California a few years ago. He demanded the Constitution and By-laws be lived up to. He was the club's watchdog. He loved to criticize the Board of Directors and was usually right. He always argued for the objectors and critics if he felt they were right.
Charlie never wanted to a Director or President. He worked on several committees each year. Membership was his hobby. However, in 1923, he was drafted for President.
At Christmas Charlie and his wife did a marvelous job for years in getting up and delivering food baskets to the needy. Bad weather never daunted them. During Charlie’s year as President the Chest Fund was adopted and a great impetus given to
Crippled Childrens work. Active in promoting Boys and Girls clubs. He demanded regular attendance and prompt payment of dues and when President he dropped 100 members in one week over poor attendance and slow payment of dues. He had a "Know the man at your table" stunt that worked.
Most of the things Charlie originated are observed by Rotary today.
Chas. Newton - deceased - Mar. 15, 1960.
By - Harry L. Ruggles.
(Deceased Oct. 23, 1959.)
Joined Chicago club in Jan. 1908. At once assisted Paul Harris in making Rotary an ethical and live organization. He, more than Paul, felt Rotary must not be an "organization for selling more goods to other members." Paul felt that it was his duty to give business to others instead of getting." Also, if business was a pillar then only business me of high standing should be invited to join. At the Portland convention in 1911 at the end of a speech, Sheldon said: "He Profits Most Who Serves Best." Sheldon had used this slogan in his school of salesmanship. He had used the same words in the Chicago club in 1910. At the same convention B. Frank Collins, President of the Minneapolis club said "My club has adopted as its motto - "Service not Self". This was later changed by Rotary to "Service Above Self." These two mottos or slogans were used by R.I. for many years before being adopted officially by R.I. after Sheldon’s death and with the approval of his widow. Adopted officially Detroit 1950.
Arthur Frederick Sheldon
In his tribute to Sheldon on page 26, it will be noted that Ruggles said "Sheldon had used these words in his School for Salesmanship and also at the Chicago Club in 1910". His speech at the Portland convention was on Ethics in business and he had stressed them. This is likely why his speech in 1911 is so remembered.
His words so used would carry a different meaning than when used casually in a speech where they did not fit in so well. I think therefore that what is written on page 26 should stand. Even though it is repeated on page 148 and 153 that they were used first in 1911. Sheldon had likely used them hundreds of times before 1910 or 1911.
J. A. Caulder
This should be read in connection with article by Ruggles on page 26.
Chesley R. Perry took the job of Secretary of the newly formed National Association of Rotary Clubs in August 1910. There were no funds at hand. Ches. Was working for the Chicago Public Library and was to get $100.00 a month on a part-time basis. An office was rented at a cost of $50.0 per month. At the end of the first year, Ches. Had only been able to collect $400.00 for the year as all other debts had to be paid first and I am told Ches. never did get the $800.00.In 1911 Ches. was engaged on a full time basis and carried on until June 30th, 1942 at the close of the Toronto convention. What a 32 years of Service!! In conversation with Paul Harris one day in Montreal in 1930 he told me, "Ches. Perry made Rotary and deserves almost all the credit. To allot 10% of it to me is generous." One expected Paul to say such kind words.
Phil Lovejoy took over on July 1st, 1942 and carried on as General Secretary until December 31st, 1952. He also did a great job and during his ten years Rotary developed in an amazing manner, but also came through the first great period of turmoil in its history. Several countries were overrun by Germany and others adopted the Totalitarian form of Government and about 500 Clubs were lost. At the close of the war in 1945 amazing comebacks were made in many countries and in Japan and Germany in particular. Phil left Rotary International operating in high gear and will an excellent staff willing and able to carry on.
George R. Means became General Secretary on January 1st, 1953. He had a fine education
and also a fine Rotary background. Soon it was obvious that Geo. Was the ideal man to follow two great builders, Ches. and Phil. George's best years are still in the future.
Aug. 1910 - At first Rotary Convention there were all 16 clubs (there were only 16 in existence) present at Chicago when the National Association of Rotary Clubs was formed with Paul Harris, President and Ches. Perry, Secretary.
1912 - At Duluth Convention two Winnipeg members appeared and at once the name was changed to International Association of Rotary Clubs.
June 1922 - At the Los Angeles Convention the name was changed to Rotary International.
AUGUST 15 - 16 - 17, 19 10.
CONGRESS ROTARY, CHICAGO.
When this convention was called there were 16 clubs in existence. They were Chicago - San Francisco - Oakland - Seattle - Los Angeles - New York -Boston - Tacoma - Minneapolis - St. Paul - St. Louis - New Orleans - Kansas City, Mo. - Lincoln, Neb. - Portland, Oregon and Detroit. From the convention report it would appear that San Francisco, Oakland and Detroit did not send delegates. I. J. Muma of Los Angeles represented San Francisco.
At the close of this historic gathering the National Association of Rotary Clubs of America had been organized with Paul P. Harris as President; R. R. Denny of Seattle, First Vice President; B. A. Bullock of New York, second Vice president; Elmer A. Rich of Chicago, Treasurer; Werner Hencke of St. Louis, Sergeant,-at-arms, and Chesley R. Perry, Chicago, Secretary. Directors elected were A.S. Holman, San Francisco; F. L. Rossbach, Chicago and L. Q. Swetland of Portland for one year terms; F. L. Clark, Boston, C. W. Hill, Los Angeles and A. R. Stafford of St. Louis for two year terms; Wm. J. Bovard, New Orleans, Lee B. Mettler of Kansas City and F. L. Thresher of Minneapolis for three year terms.
This convention had been called owing to the growth of new clubs in 1909 and it was obvious there was a need for some body to control Rotary's future.
When the first session was called to order
ROTARY’S FIRST CONVENTION (cont’d)
by Paul P. Harris he was nominated for Chairman but declined end after almost everyone proposed, Chesley R. Perry was chosen as chairman of the convention.
There were many resolutions and one of these fixed the voting delegates from any club to be one for each 50 members and that rules still stands in 1962.
At this convention 34 votes were cast but only 29 were present and the balance were by proxy.
As Ches. Perry presided over three days of solid discussion and at times rather heated argument, he showed his ability as a chairman. At times he had to refer to Roberts Rules of Order proving he was correct.
Monday evening everyone went to see the New York - Chicago American League ball game.
Hours were spent in arguing over whether the clubs annual dues should be $1.00 a year or
$2.00 or $5.00. Very strong arguments were put up for the $1.00 and some delegates stated their members would not pay $2. 00.
Then prolonged arguments over whether the club should pay $1.00 or $5.00 per year to the National Association. Also should there be a charter fee of from $5.00 to $125.00.
The Los Angeles club had annual dues of $24.00 per year and Boston $2.00. There was much discussion over what salary a secretary of the National Association should get and one dele-
Page 30 A.
ROTARY'S FIRST CONVENTION (Cont'd)
gate felt a good man could not be found for less than $1,500.00 per year. Finally Ches. Perry was engaged on a part-time basis of $100.00 per month and $25.00 for expenses.
Several men stressed the care that should be taken in order to get only the best men. It was felt that no city of under 100,000 should be considered and there were 50 in the U.S.A.
The Chicago club presented the new National Association with a bill for $113.35 to cover expenses incurred in arranging for the convention. After much discussion this was referred to the Board for study and action.
Quite discussion over a Rotary ladies organization or bringing their wives to special functions. The decision was to keep ladies out of Rotary and this has been so decided several times since.
Business exchange was fully discussed and its great possibilities stressed. A St. Louis delegate reported one member giving $13,000.00 worth of business to other members in a few weeks. Later at one St. Louis meeting $35,000.00 in business was reported.
The matter of newspaper reporters being allowed at meetings was seriously discussed. One delegate said "Surely we are doing no wrong so why not let reporters in?" Business exchange, one man said, should be called reciprocity.
ROTARY'S FIRST CONVENTION (Cont’d)
There was objection to a big organization that would cost money and try to dictate to the clubs.
Money came up again and a delegate said, "If you are to ask a new member to pay over $l.00 to join, you will not get them".
The decision was to pay the Treasurer salary of $1.00 a year so he could be bonded. It is interesting to note that in 1962 the Treasurer still gets $1.00 per year.
During the convention a wire was received from a Los Angeles Rotarian which read:
"Chesley R. Perry, 1317 No. 79 Dearborn St., Chicago -
The spirit of Rotary is to help each member by giving or influencing business to him. If we each give then we must each receive. I suggest this national motto. Rotary rule - Give business unto Rotarians as you would be given - signed F. V. Owen, Rotarian"
Paul Harris took no part in the discussions until he was asked for his opinions. His statement then given helped set a high standard in thinking about the future of the organization.
On the third evening after three day s of diligent work, the convention was closed by
Page 30 C.
ROTARY’S FIRST CONVENTION (cont’d)
the Chicago club putting on a dinner and providing much speechmaking A. M. Ramsay of the Chicago club presided. All the officers and directors made short addresses. At this closing event Arthur Frederick Sheldon speaks for the first time and in that speech he said, "The man who thinks right comes to see that the science of business is the science of human service. He comes to see that he profits most who serves his fellows best." (It has been stated and accepted that Sheldon first used these words at the Portland convention in 1911).
Rotarian Rutledge of St. Louis presented the following poem to Paul Harris.
"Here’s to Paul P. Harris, benedict,
No one knows when he is licked.
Of all Rotarians him we've picked
To pilot the Club of National fame,
The club that plays business for a game,
And if we don't win, why we’ll blame
Not ourselves, but he who founded
The most unique Club that ever bounded
Into great success and was never pounded.
It is destined to grow is bound to win,
And when the Associated Clubs really begin
To nationalize Rotary blazed and broke
There's not a man in the wheel, a spoke
Who will say anything like fun to poke.
We're going along well, going good and strong
And if I'm not mistaken, before very long
We'll make each member's business a song.
So here's to Harris and his charming wife.
May they be happy thro’ a very long life,
Nor they nor Rotary ever have a strife."
ROTARY’S FIRST CONVENTION (cont’d)
The meeting was closed by a very fine but short address by Chairman Ramsay.
NOTE - F. L. Clark just appointed a Director from Boston died a few weeks later.
FOOTNOTE - And so as noted here the Rotary organization now worldwide in scope and influence came into being. Two years later it became International when Winnipeg Club No. 35 was organized and in June 1922 the name International Association of Rotary Clubs was shortened to Rotary International. (J.A.C.)
- - - - - - - - - -
Our Canadian Medical missionary, Dr. Agnew, tells of an incident in his own small town in India, about 100 miles north of Bombay.
He is the only non-Indian member. Before Christmas 1961 the President of a small Rotary Club in a South American country wrote a letter of friendly greetings. The President of this club in far away India read this letter to his club members. His eyes were filled with tears and he read with obvious emotion.
All because someone in far away South America took the time out to send this message. It is so easy to be kind.
AUGUST 21 - 22- 23, 1911.
PORTLAND , OREGON .
With a full year's experience as a National Association, the second convention opened on August 2lst and ran for three days.
The question of rotation was the first item of business after welcoming addresses. It was agreed that only the Secretary should remain long in office and of course in later years, this was mandatory.
There were 19 clubs represented in person. Detroit and Oakland were again absent. The voting strength was 58 of which 9 were by proxy. Harvey Wheeler of Boston reported on the formation of the Rotary Club of London, England. The convention appointed five men to draft a Constitution and By-laws for all affiliating clubs. Next a Civic Committee for the National Association was appointed. As discussion proceeded it was noted, with surprise, that more men were interested in civic welfare than personal. It was stated that with limited membership Rotary could not claim to represent the community. Each club was asked to report
to the Association whether or not his club was willing to engage in civic affairs. The decision was to recommend the clubs to be active in public affairs. E. L. (Ernie) Skeel of Seattle led in this discussion. Discussions followed on business exchange and it was clearly stated there must be no obligation in this but of course if a Rotary member rendered good service he would succeed.
ROTARY'S SECOND CONVENTION (cont’d)
Finally it was decided that;
1. Membership in Rotary must be a certificate of business character
2. That selection of a member is an expression of goodwill toward such member
3. The selection of a new member is an invitation and an opportunity to use the club to extend his business but there is no obligation.
In other words, a man must be worthy if he is to receive business from his Rotary friends.
President Harris reported that the first issue of the National Rotarian had gone out in January 1911 and the cost of this first issue was $25.44 more than receipts, but the Secretary agreed to pay this himself. They lost $25.88 on the second issue. This magazine had been started by Harris and Perry without convention or board authority.
A committee of five, chaired by Rotarian Thresher of Minneapolis, was appointed and later recommended the Association should have a publication and the Board was granted limited authority in the matter and the clubs were asked to chip in a little extra to help.
An amendment to the Constitution, fixed a fee of 25¢ per year per member for the magazine. Secretary Perry was released from his offer to pay the deficit on the first two issues.
Page 32 A.
ROTARY SECOND CONVENTION (cont' d)
A trip up the Columbia River with a business session on board.
It was clearly stated that the club's Rotary office must not become the centre of interclub business dealings. It was decided that members of one club must not circularize members of another club on business deals without clearing it through the National office.
The question of whether the name should be changed to International Association was discussed and defeated.
Should the convention be annual or bi-annual discussed and it was decided it would be annual.
Should the members who got the most business through membership pay more dues than others decision - no.
It was decided to do all possible to organize more clubs.
On the question of foreign clubs - Decision. All in favor but must be no expense.
It was decided to be unethical for any member to try to sell stock in his company to other members.
The question of special discounts to members was discussed and refused.
Page 32 B.
ROTARY'S SECOND CONVENTION (cont'd)
The General Committee met and elected directors as follows: Glenn C. Mead of Philadelphia; Wm. G. Stearns of Tacoma; , Eugene G. MacCan of New York.
The lawyers had a meeting of their own (this started the present professional assemblies at annual conventions).
On Wednesday an address was read which was prepared for delivery by Arthur Frederick Sheldon who could not be present. The address left a deep impression on all members. He would up with "He Profits Most Who Serves Best".
The San Francisco delegation asked for the convention in 1915.
The executive committee chosen - Paul Harris, Chairman; Thresher of Minneapolis and Mettler of Kansas City.
Elmer A. Rich, Treasurer, then reported on the financial position of the Association. Receipts $2,661.76 - expenditures $2,617.38 - leaving $44.38 cash in the bank.
The first office was in the Calumet Building. The expense of $25.00 per month for an office was not sufficient. Silvester Schiele had loaned the Association the office furniture in use. Perry reported he took over in August 1910 with14 active clubs and 2 inactive. Eleven new clubs had been organized and the two inactive clubs had become active. This made 28 in all including one almost ready to come in. Eight more were in
Page 32 C.
ROTARY'S SECOND CONVENTION (cont' d)
the process of being organized. There was one in England, one in Canada and 34 in U.S. , either formed or being formed. Both London and Winnipeg were operating but not affiliated. (Winnipeg had organized in November 19l0). The Secretary reported he had paid out $816.75 for the club himself so his salary of $100.00 per month really only amounted to $428.40. (Note-Secretary Perry never did get his $816.75). Secretary Perry told the convention that he did not expect to get his salary in full and would not expect the deficit to be paid.
President Harris reported he had taken out an Illinois charter for the National Association.
The wheel had become a Rotary emblem and it was then officially adopted.
Secretary Perry suggested the annual convention be held in June - no action.
President Harris made an official address in which he thanked Secretary Perry and all officers and directors for their fine years work and co-operation. He said, "Rotary must exchange ideas through its publication or through gatherings". He also said, "I have forwarded much business to Rotary lawyers in other cities". President Harris was all in favor of extending Rotary to other lands as Harvey Wheeler of Boston had already succeeded in London. Soon Paris, Glasgow and Melbourne and Sidney, Australia would come in. Vice-President
Page 32 D.
ROTARY'S SECOND CONVENTION (cont’d)
Denny reported going into a Rotarian's store in another city and getting a discount of 10%. He said did not approve of this practice.
Duluth was chosen for 1912. Paul Harris was elected President for the second year; Vice President R. R. Denny of Seattle; Second V. President J. E. Fitzwilson of Boston; Mac Martin of Minneapolis, Treasurer and Ches. Perry, Secretary. Directors for one year: C. W. Hill, Los Angeles; A. R. Stafford, St. Louis; L. Q. Swetland of Portland. For two years; Wm. J. Bovard of New Orleans; Lee B. Mettler of Kansas City and F. L. Thresher of Minneapolis. For three years; Eugene G. MacCan of New York; Glenn C. Head of Philadelphia and Wm. G. Stearns of Tacoma.
NOTE (by J.A.C.)
A very successful convention. Although not recorded, Chesley R. Perry was, at the close of the convention, engaged on a full time basis of $1,800.00 per year and from then on he received his salary in full each month. Without Ches. Perry, Rotary, as we know it today, would not exist.
Aug 6 - 7 - 8 - 9, 1912.
This report is shorter than for 1910 or 1911 because I do not have the published report. This the only one missing from my Rotary library. In fact, there is only one know copy and that is in the vault of R.I. at Evanston. However, I have a condensed report on the 1912 convention supplied to me by Dwight I. Patterson of the Headquarters staff on October 10, 1950.
At the Third Convention held in Duluth two members from Winnipeg were present. They were C. F. Fletcher and Walter J. Clubb. (W. J. Clubb was a brother of our own Bill Clubb, a long time Toronto member). After the opening ceremonies delegate Fletcher lost no time in moving that "The Association name be changed from The National Association Rotary Clubs of America" to "The International Association of Rotary Clubs". The America was dropped as besides Winnipeg, a club had been formed in Dublin, Ireland and others were in the process but not yet completed or affiliated with the National Association.
Action was made for Vice Presidents from each country as new countries were admitted and Walter J. Clubb of Winnipeg was elected Vice-President for Western Canada. Walter J. Clubb therefore became the first officer from Canada. These were Area Vice-Presidents
ROTARY'S THIRD CONVENTION (cont' d)
for extension work and not Board members.
Glenn C. Mead of Philadelphia was elected President to succeed Paul Harris who had served two years. Vice Presidents were: Robert F. Clark of Boston; Geo. W. Clark of Jacksonville, Florida; W. J. Clubb of Winnipeg; Russell F. Greiner of Kansas City, Mo.; Bob Mabry of Spokane, and H. W. Stanley of Wichita, Kansas. Rufus F. Chapin of Chicago, Treasurer; Chesley R. Perry of Chicago re-elected as Secretary; Sergeant-at-Arms Peter E. Peters of Chicago. Directors elected were: E. J. Filiatrault of Duluth; Mack Olsen of Des Moines, Iowa; R. L. Queisser of Cleveland; H. L. Ruggles of Chicago and M. L. Wolley of San Francisco.
It required 200 autos to take the delegates on a city tour and over 500 sat down for the banquet at the Spaulding Hotel. The speechmaking lasted until after midnight. An amendment to the Constitution and by-laws required ever member to pay an extra 50¢ for The Rotarian which had started in Jan.1911.
Paul P. Harris presented with a fine gold watch. It was a complete surprise and Paul was unable to reply. Retiring President Harris was also named President Emeritus of the Association and said; "I do not feel capable of adequately expressing my appreciation of the honour."
Page 34 A.
ROTARY'S THIRD CONVENTION (cont' d)
(note - Of these six Vice Presidents only three, the 1st, second and, third , were Board members. R. F. Chapin was elected Treasurer; Chesley R. Perry, Secretary, and Sergeant-at-arms was Peter E. Powers, of Chicago. The other directors were E. J. Filiatrault, Duluth; Mack Olsen of Des Moines, R. L. Queisser of Cleveland, H. L. Ruggles of Chicago, and M. L. Wolley of San Francisco.
There were some carryovers from the 1910-11 and 1911-12 Boards.
And so ended Rotary’s third annual convention.
NOTE - It is interesting to see how easily the Constitution and By-laws could be changed in the early days. Now (1962) about 15 months notice is required. It would appear that the 1910 decision to elect only three new directors each year had not been strictly adhered to but some deaths and resignations may be the cause. (J.A.C.)
NOTE - And so Rotary became International through the organization of the Club at Winnipeg. Winnipeg became Club No. 35 and this is still (1962) a sore spot with Winnipeg Rotarians as they still feel they were entitled to a much lower number and the facts listed in this book, page 234, rather back-up their argument. (J.A.C.)
Page 34 B.
By: Rabbi Norman Kahan
Temple Beth Jacob
Newburgh, New York.
District No. 721 Conference Apr. 28, 1963.
Eternal God and Father we are grateful unto Thee for this period of contemplation, insight and challenge that we have set aside in the midst of busy, crowded living. We beseech Thy presence in our Conference as we meet in a spirit of fellowship, purposeful endeavor, and dedication for the glory and enhancement of Rotary International.
The words we speak, the programs we pursue and the work we accomplish broaden our vision and narrow our division. May the power of principle rather than the principle of power be the measure of all our deliberations. May we kindle the spark that will bring light to the unborn tomorrows rather than bewail the darkness of dead yesterdays. May we be prophets of a finer and noble Rotary rather than vendors of petty accuracies. May we be creative cooperators in the world as it should be rather than clever competitors in the world as it is. May "Service Above Self" be our deed rather than our motto.
Bless us as we partake of this food. May it be food for strength of body, food for strength of thought; food for strength of fellowship, food for strength of service.
- - - - - - - -
This convention opened with a very excellent address by the incoming President, Russell F. Greiner of Kansas City, Mo. He paid high tribute to Paul Harris and Ches. Perry and the retiring President Glenn C. Mead. There were almost 1,000 delegates and visitors, including the United Kingdom, and Canada. When the first session started at the Statler Hotel over 500 were on hand.
Retiring President Glenn Mead presided. A special committee of U.S. and Canadian Rotarians met and welcomed the British delegation. God Save the Queen and America were sung. In President Mead's address he stressed the progress made during the year. Ches. Perry's salary was increased from $3,000 to $5,000 per year. Authorized purchase of good equipment for the International office. Authorized raising special funds for extension. Authorized the use of the Association emblem in buttons and pins. Uniform membership cards were authorized. The Treasurer and Secretary were each bonded for $3,000. Provided for the publication and management of The Rotarian. Elected an Executive Committee of E. J. Filiatrault of Duluth;
Mack Olsen of Des Moines and the President. Elected Ches. Perry as Secretary for another year. Also appointed Ches. Perry as editor and business manager of The Rotarian for one year.
ROTARY'S FOURTH CONVENTION (cont'd) .
It was a year of progress. A total of $790.50 had been contributed by nine clubs for extension work. During the year the Rotarians had given generous financial aid to disaster areas. They were in Indiana, Ohio and Nebraska. At Omaha, George J. Duncan who spoke at Duluth lost his life. Then a disaster at Dayton, Ohio. The Rotarians contributed over $25,000.00. It was decided to try to greatly increase advertising in The Rotarian. The Seattle club reported work done on a club for Vancouver, B.C. (completed in 1913).
Arthur W. Glessner of Chicago and Frank L. Mulholland of Toledo reported on visits they had made to British Clubs. Paul Harris at Duluth had said, "Now on to Berlin, Vienna and the Antipodes". Tribute was paid to work by Stuart Morrow in Britain and W. G. Fern of London reported interest at Sydney, Australia and Cape Town. Texas now has ten Rotary clubs. There was doubt about organizing clubs in cities under 100,000 but in Texas the clubs in Cleburne and Palestine had proved these fears unfounded. (The 1961-62 directory shows both these clubs still going strong.) The Texas Rotarians reported that they did not look upon Rotary as a business swapping organization. Rotary now has 83 clubs with many more being organized.
There were bold words uttered about crookedness in business. The feeling was that now the people wanted honesty in business and in public life. It was felt that Rotary should
Page 36 A.
ROTARY'S FOURTH CONVENTION (cont'd)
have a place in this desire. It was proposed that Rotary have "A Code of Ethics". A committee was formed to bring in a Code at the next convention. A definite stand was taken against featuring business exchange between Rotarians except what would come from acquaintance in the ordinary way. Paul Harris was behind this move. A very long resolution dealt clearly this matter. A year before this Paul Harris had struck off "The Statistician" from the list of Rotary offices and San Antonio reported they had discharged that official from their club. For the first time "The Golden Rule" was stressed at this convention. Vice Presidents Geo. Clark, W. J. Clubb (Winnipeg), Russell Greiner and Harry Stanley each reported on their extension work.
In Ches. Perry's report he told the convention that the Ex. Committee had fixed the Rotary year as July 1st to June 30th. The auditors' report was read and tabled. The Rotarian had increased from 64 to 120 pages during the year. During the year 33 new clubs and now 83 with over 10,000 members. The British clubs had agreed to an affiliation and most were represented at this convention. One club in U.S. had been organized in a city of 10,000. The headquarters office had been moved to the Fort Dearborn Building in Chicago as more space was needed. No board meetings since Duluth but all matters were handled by mail. Much new office equipment was purchased. Arrangements had been made
Page 36 B.
ROTARY'S FOURTH CONVENTION (Cont'd)
with jewellers for producing the Rotary buttons. The Treasurer’s report showed receipts of $18,122.23 and expenses of $16,949.24, with cash in bank of $1,020.21 and assets of $1,813.47. Treasurer Rufus F. Chapin presented this report. Capt. E. J. Heilbron of Glasgow brought a message from his club and also from Edinburgh. Then John Sheridan of Dublin. This one, as would be expected, was amusing. Rotarian P. Thomason of Manchester spoke for England. He said there could be 200 clubs in England (now over 800). Charles H. Dewey spoke for the London club in that small city of 7.1/2 million! All the men from overseas felt the Americans were out to kill them with kindness.
Then Texas asked for the 1914 convention to be held at Houston and of course Texas won. Harry A. Wheeler, President of the U .S. Chamber of Commerce, gave an address. The Syracuse, N.Y. club had brought their brass band along. A message was read from Paul Harris who was unable to attend. Of the 83 clubs in existence, 77 had representatives at the convention. A discussion on non-resident memberships was held and the idea turned down for the present. (At this convention and at the first three, the word Rotarianism was freely used but has since disappeared). Allen D. Albert of Minneapolis delivered a fine address on "The True Meaning, Purpose and Opportunity of Rotary". This address was a great hit. The convention adopted Rotarian Albert address as "The Platform of Rotary". Rotarian J. J. Wemple
Page 36 C.
ROTARY'S FOURTH CONVENTION ( cont’d)
of Cleveland delivered an address on "The Manufacturer and Rotary". Again at this convention, sectional meeting were held on whether economic and political matters should have a place in Rotary. J. C. Menlove of Winnipeg spoke on this, also a new man, Wm. A.. Peace of Toronto. This was referred back to the committee. Judge Thos. S. Noonan of Buffalo club was convention chairman. Chas. H. Dewey of London, England spoke on "Why The Rotarian is the best Advertising Medium for Rotarians." Frank L. Mulholland spoke on "Our Sister Clubs in Great Britain and Ireland". Frank praised the Rotarians of Dublin (led by Bill McConnell) and Edinburgh and London and others. Burton E. Pfeiffer of Buffalo was in charge of entertainment (Burton Pfeiffer was the man appointed by Paul Harris to help organize the Toronto club and now in 1962 he is still an Honorary Member of Toronto). An important change in the Constitution was made here by prohibiting any club being represented at the Conventions by proxy. Another amendment provided for two (Area) Vice Presidents for Canada, one east and one for the west. The new Directors elected were: Wm. Findlater of Dublin; Frank L. Mulholland of Toledo; Herbert J. Rayes of San Antonio; J .B. Giffon of Vancouver; Frank E. Randall of Detroit; Thos. H. Noonan of Buffalo and Roger M. Andrews of Los Angeles.
Page 36 D
ROTARY'S FOURTH CONVENTION (Cont'd)..
Arthur Frederick Sheldon spoke on "The Philosophy and Ethics of Business" and, as always, made a great impression on his audience. Before the close of the convention Secretary Perry was authorized to purchase a larger desk for his own use. Also, he was authorized to buy an adding machine and also a new typewriter, provided he could make a satisfactory deal.
Rotarian Daniel Braum, Jr. of Omaha offered a gift of $100,000.00 for advertising in The Rotarian. Board action later after all details were in hand. Several names were proposed for President. E. Skeel of Seattle; Wilson of Chicago; Capt. Queisser; Russ Greiner of Kansas City, Mo. and Chas. H. Dewey of London. Then John Dolph of Washington nominated Allen D. Albert. Russ Greiner won out. Vice-Presidents elected were Burton E. Pfeiffer, Buffalo; John E. Shelby of Birmingham; Mack Olsen of Des Moines; Paul M. Pope of Oklahoma City; Robert Robertson of Oakland; Wm. A. Peace of Toronto; J. F. C. Menlove of Winnipeg and R. W. Pentland of Edinburgh. These were Area Vice Presidents for extension purposes and not board members. Rufe Chapin was re-elected as Treasurer and James H. Conlon of Pittsburgh Sergeant-at-arms. The final evening arrived and at midnight, there were several speakers still to be heard, but the new President Greiner adjourned the meeting in order to let the Directors attend their annual meeting. It ended at 3 A.M. Rotarian Menlove of Winnipeg had asked for the 1914 convention to come to his city, but no chance against Houston. (members address on page 58 of the convention
Page 36 E.
ROTARY’S FOURTH CONVENTION (cont' d)
report). All clubs made reports at the convention. The Vancouver club by J. R. Davison and he mentions Alex R. McFarlane, who in 1962 is still on the job. The Winnipeg club by A. W. Morley, and a fine report. There was no special report from Toronto. Almost all clubs had adopted an emblem in which a wheel was used and no two alike. In the convention report 23 different emblems are shown. And so ended Rotary' s Fourth Convention, and a good one.
NOTE: - Walter J. Clubb had been appointed an Area Vice President for Western Canada, at the Duluth convention. At the Buffalo convention F. J. C. Menlove was appointed Area Vice-President for Western Canada and Wm. A. Peace of Toronto for Eastern Canada.
_ _ _ _ _ _
In Jan. 1911 Pres. Paul Harris (National Assn. of Rotary Clubs of America) and Secy. Chesley R. Perry, without authorization of the Board, proceeded to get out the first issue of The National Rotarian. In that issue there is a fine article by Pres. Harris on Rational Rotarianism (this latter word went out of use shortly after this date) in which he rather defends the "Business" aspect of Rotary. From conversations with Paul in later years this writer learned that it was Paul's opinion that the "Business angle" had be tolerated during the first few years or the organization would have died. In this issue also, a
Page 36 F.
THE ROTARIAN (Cont’d. )
fine article by Secy. Ches. Perry entitled "Why We Are Here". This is a timely subject even in 1963. Than another article in the same issue in a box and no doubt by Secy. Perry These
three articles are illuminating and extremely interesting.
The question of a publication, for Rotary was discussed at the Portland (2nd) Convention
on August 21-23/11. It was decided to issue a monthly magazine to go to all Rotary members.
It had been suggested a publication such as produced in Jan. 1911 be issued each 2 months
at a cost per year per member of 25¢. However, the convention decision was monthly and at 50¢ per year. There had been a loss on the. Jan. 1911 issue of $25.44 , and the convention approved of Ches. Perry being repaid this amount. The 1913 convention shows the name shortened to The Rotarian with Ches. Perry still Editor and Business Mgr. and the cost increased to $1 per member (US) and $1.25 in Canada. The Sept.1912 issue contained 64 pages and Aug./ 13 120 pages. For the year ended June 1913 the advertising brought in $5,893.11 & circulation $3,704.29. The income and outgo was all included in the now Intern’l. Assn. of Rotary Clubs of America statement. Now we turn the pages over to 1963. For year ended June 30/62 we find expenses of The Rotarian to be $947,559 50 & the income $1,005,630.88 with a net of $58,071.38. The Spanish Rotarian "Revista Rotaria", est. in 1933, had a net loss in 1961/62 of $6,245.53. What an amazing growth! For Nov./62 The Rotarian printed 398,515 copies and Revista Rotaria 42,936. These magazines went to 138 countries and regions of the world.
The U.S.A. took 320,556 copies of The Rotarian and Canada 22,521. It is interesting to note 873 to Brazil, 553 to Malaya; 10955 to Japan; 1999 to The Philippines; 5665 to New Zealand; 17892 to Australia, 1945 to S. Africa; 520 to Sweden. Only 244 to G.B. & I. as of course they have their own fine little magazine "Rotary". (JAC)
AUGUST 1914 .
This fifth convention of Rotary was held at Houston, Texas. Strange the reports of these early conventions start off with the inaugural address of the incoming President who is not elected until the second or third day. So we find the President for 1914- 15 on the first page. The man chosen Frank L. Mulholland of Toledo, Ohio. He expressed sincere appreciation of the great honour and sincerely thanked the three fine men who preceded him, also , Secretary Perry.
Again President Emeritus Paul Harris was ill and could not attend, but sent an excellent address which was read and warmly received.
Retiring president Russ Greiner made a fine farewell speech. He also read a message from President Woodrow Wilson (U.S.A.) as follows:-
"My dear Mr. Greiner- May I not send through you a warm message of greetings to the members of the International Association of Rotary Clubs and express the hope that deliberations of the Association may bring just the encouragement and the assurance of results which its members have hoped for. Cordially and Sincerely Yours- Woodrow Wilson."
International Vice-President Wm. A. Peace of Toronto told the convention that at this same moment the Ad Clubs of The World were meeting in Toronto. This at once brought a resolution for a message to be sent and President Greiner sent a wire to Wm. Woodland, President of the
ROTARY’S FIFTH CONVENTION (Cont’d)
organization assembled in Toronto. Shortly a wire was received by President Greiner from President Woodland.
Thomas Stephenson, Secretary of the Rotary Club of Edinburgh and Honorary Secretary of the British Associations of Rotary Clubs, brought greeting from Britain and Ireland.
The Credentials Committee reported total attendance of 1,288 and 347 official votes.
The nomination of Frank Mulholland for President was so warmly presented by The Hon. Isaac Kinsey that not another name was proposed.
Col. C. R. Duff of Evanston delivered a fine address at "Rotary and International Peace".
Chesley R. Perry was unanimously re-elected Secretary and managing editor of The Rotarian.
The executive chosen were Wm. Gettinger of New York city and Arch Klumph of Cleveland and President Mulholland.
Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon of Vancouver made his first appearance at a Rotary convention and made a short but excellent speech. (he was President of the International Association 1917-18).
Page 38 A.
ROTARY'S FIFTH CONVENTION (cont'd)
President and Mrs. Greiner were presented with a chest of silver.
During the convention Rotarian Chas. A. Woodward of San Francisco presented "The Old lronsides" gavel of the Association to President Greiner. Rotarian Woodward at 92 was the oldest Rotary member in the Association. He got a tremendous ovation.
The Golden Wheel with one large wheel for the Association and a small one for each club in the world was presented to the Association from the clubs in California. The presentation was made by Will Stephens of the Los Angeles club.
The Cleveland club brought along 1,500 packages of Epsom Salts and although not appreciated at first became very helpful after the crab and watermelon party given that night.
President Greiner's report paid tribute to all officers and directors but especially to Secretary Perry and his salary was increased from $3,000.00 to $5,000.00 per year. The President said he had approved a new and larger office for the headquarters and also more staff in order to help lighten Secretary Perry's load. Frank R. Jennings was engaged to assist on The Rotarian. Rotary had now moved to 910 Michigan Ave. The Rotarian subscription was raised from 50¢ to $1.00 per year. Also the Secretary was now mailing a weekly letter to all club Presidents and directors. President Greiner
THE FIFTH ROTARY CONVENTION. (cont' d)
said also that he had favored the forming of the British Association of Rotary Clubs which organization was completed on October 30, 1913 at a general meeting at Liverpool. Bill Pentland was the first President and Tom Stephenson the first (Honorary) Secretary of the British Association.
President Greiner still felt that no club should be organized in any city under 25,000. The clubs existing as of June 22nd, 1914 were as follows: U.S. 104, Canada 9, Great Britain and Ireland 8 for a total of 121.This growth was highly satisfactory. The total membership was close to 15,000 which meant an increase of about 50% in the past year. The average admission fee was $11.30 and the average dues $12.80. The clubs had over $60,000.00 cash on hand.
Houston was the largest club with 350; then Buffalo 335; Seattle 329; Cincinnati 315; Syracuse 312; Cleveland 309 and Los Angeles 305. Birmingham with 185 was the "largest club in G. B. and I. Vancouver with 209 led the Canadian clubs. Again several thousands of dollars had been given by Rotary Clubs to help out where disaster had occurred. The press of the U.S. was now generous in space and compliments on Rotary good works.
Many clubs were doing fine work at Chris was amongst the needy. Hospital wards were equipped and many fine civic projects helped. The President wound up by saying that Rotary is making humane servants out of many selfish men
Page 38 C.
ROTARY FIFTH CONVENTION (cont’d)
He also pointed out what it meant to him and to all members of the Kansas City, Mo. club to sit down with about 200 other men and to get to know them. He admitted he had made some mistakes but he was human.
All the Area Vice-Presidents made reports on extension in their areas. Wm. A. Peace told of the work in Eastern Canada. Hamilton, Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, St. John and Toronto all had good clubs. President Russel Kelly of Hamilton reported all fine in his club. Vice-President Peace reported 130 members in his Toronto club and he promised more clubs soon.
James F. C. Menlove, Area Vice-president for Western Canada also had a good report. Winnipeg 120 members;, Vancouver 206; Victoria 77 and Calgary 80, for a total of 483. Winnipeg’s membership fee was $25.00 and dues of $16.00 per year. He also reported several new clubs coming along for the year 1914-15.
Treasurer Chapin reported receipts for the year 1913-14 of $31,244.72 and disbursements of $31,203.53 with a cash balance in the bank $41.19. The relief fund had a balance of'$2,201.51 on hand.
R. W. (Bill) Pentland of Edinburgh reported on Rotary in the British Isles and the prospects were excellent.
Page 38 D.
ROTARY'S FIFTH CONVENTION (Cont'd)
Secretary Perry reported a much better situation in his office with more space, more equipment and an increased and very efficient staff. He reported assets now of $7,582.15. The Rotarian had lost $1,799.23 during the year. Secretary Perry paid a high tribute to President Greiner for his year’s work and also to all directors and officers and staff members.
Quite an argument of having more than one club in a city. This vas voted down:
A special Rotary club for headquarters staff was voted down.
The resolution banning proxy voting of 1913 was amended to allow proxy votes under certain conditions.
An amendment to have 10 directors to each serve one year and beginning with the 1914-15
year, was adopted.
Another amendment made it compulsory for all members in U.S. and Canada to pay for The Rotarian in addition to regular club dues - adopted.
Another fixed The Rotarian subscription rate at $1.25 for U.S. members and $1.50 for Canada.
From now on the directors would meet twice a year.
As directed at the Buffalo convention the committee to prepare a Code of Ethics for
Page 38 E.
ROTARY'S FIFTH CONVENTION (cont'd)
Rotary was presented and discussed and another special committee was appointed to study this document for another year. The Rev. Jake Perkins who helped draw the Code presented the same at Houston.
A resolution was adopted which instructed the officers to prepare a plan to be presented at the 1915 convention which would give to Rotary zones, areas or regions the right to elect the officers themselves instead of at the convention as has been the custom up-to-date.
The 1914 convention report gives 1.1/2 pages to tell the story of how the Toronto Club entertained the Ad Clubs of the world when President Bill Peace was at the Houston Convention.
President Mulholland closed the convention with a very inspiring message and previous to this, Rotarian John R. Sprague of San Antonio had told an interesting story on Frank L. Mulholland’s life to-date.
All present agreed it was a great convention.
NOTE - The full story of how the Toronto Club entertained the International Ad Club when the boss was away, is told in detail on pages 138 to 141 in this book.
Page 38. F
OFFICERS FOR 1914-1915
President - Frank L. Mulholland - Toledo, Ohio
Directors - W.S. Archibald Winnipeg, Man
Chas. N .Butcher Halifax, N.S.
Wm. Gettinger New York
Gordon L. Gray La Jolla,Ca1.
Gratton E. Hancock Salt Lake City
Arch C. Klumph Cleveland
Geo. E. Leonard Jacksonville, FL.
W. E. Morton Richmond, Va.
J. S. Proctor Glasgow, Scotland
Jesse M. Thompsett, St.Louis, Mo.
The Executive Committee chosen (this the first) were:-
President Mulholland, Wm. Gettinger of New York and Arch Klumph of Cleveland.
Area Vice Presidents chosen:
These Vice Presidents were not Board Members but Area Vice Presidents for organizing clubs. It will be noted a board of 11 were chosen and for the first time a Canadian; in fact, 2 were on the Board. Also 3 Area Vice Presidents from Canada and a Director from Scotland and 2 Area Vice Presidents from G.B. & I.
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS
189 La Salle St.
Article I. - Name.
This organization shall be known as the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS OF AMERICA.
Article II. Objects.
The objects of this Association shall be:
1. To extend and develop Rotary principles by the organization of affiliating Rotary Clubs throughout America.
2. To unify the work and principles of the affiliating Rotary Clubs and to promote their common good.
3. To arouse and encourage civic pride and loyalty.
4. To promote progressive and honorable business methods.
5. To advance the business interests of the individual members of tile affiliating Rotary Clubs.
Article III. Membership.
Section 1. Membership in this Association shall consist of established Rotary Clubs which shall pay the annual dues and shall have been duly admitted to membership. Only one Rotary Club from any city shall be eligible to membership in this Association.
Section 2. Upon the payment of the dues by an affiliating Rotary Club, there shall be issued to such Rotary Club a certificate signed by the President, Secretary and Treasurer of this Association under its seal, setting forth the fact that such Rotary Club is an affiliating Rotary Club of this Association and that such affiliating Rotary Club, in accepting such certificate, thereby ratifies and agrees to be bound by the Constitution and By -Laws of this Association.
Section 3. All applications for membership in this Association shall be made to the Secretary in writing, and shall be by him referred to the Board of Directors, whose action shall be final.
Section 4. Any affiliating Rotary Club which shall be more than sixty (60) days in arrears of dues shall cease to be a member of this Association, provided two notices of such arrearages shall have been duly given by the Secretary by registered mail.
Section 5. Any officer or member of this Association may be disciplined, suspended or expelled for cause; Provided such officer or member shall have been served with a copy of the charges at least thirty days
before the hearing thereon; such hearing shall be before the Board of Directors and the accused shall be entitled to be represented by counsel. The action of the Board of Directors on such hearing shall be final.
Section 6. Any Club which has ceased to be a member under the provisions of Sections 4 or 5 of this Article may be reinstated by a two-thirds vote of the Board of Directors upon payment of all arrearages.
Article IV. Annual Dues.
Section 1. The annual. dues in this Association shall be One Dollar ($1.00) for every member on the roll of each affiliating Rotary Club, to be paid semi-annually in advance. The first semiannual payment shall be due and payable September 1, 1910.
Article V. Annual Convention.
An Annual Convention of this Association shall be held at such time and place as shall be determined on by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors, prior to fixing the place for holding the annual convention, shall ascertain from the affiliating Rotary Clubs in this Association, their desires as to the place for holding said convention. The Board of Directors shall issue a notice or call for such Annual Convention, addressed and mailed to the Secretary of each affiliating Rotary Club at least three months prior to the time of the holding of said convention.
Article VI. Representation in Convention.
Section 1., Each affiliating Rotary Club shall be entitled in the Annual Convention to one delegate for each fifty (50) of its members or major traction thereof, provided that each Club shall be entitled to at least one delegate in said Convention.
Section 2. Each delegate at the Annual Convention shall be entitled to cast one vote on all questions submitted to the Convention.
Section 3. Every delegate shall be member of the affiliating Rotary Club he represents.
Section 4. Any delegate present may be designated by his affiliating Rotary Club as an alternate for one or more delegates from such affiliating Rotary Club not present, and, when so designated by proper authority, shall, in addition to his own vote, be entitled to vote as such alternate for the non-attending delegate or delegates he represents.
Article VII. Officers.
Section 1. The officers of this Association shall be President, First and Second Vice Presidents, Treasurer, Secretary, Sergeant-at-Arms, a General Committee, and a Board of Directors.
Section 2. The General Committee shall consist of one member from each affiliating Rotary Club, said member to be elected by the Club of which he is a member prior to the date of the Annual Convention. The election of such
Committeeman shall be evidenced by a certificate signed by the President and Secretary of the Club of which he is a member. (This section shall not take effect until after the adjournment of the Annual Convention in 1910.)
Section 3. At the Annual Convention in 1910 there shall be elected by the General Committee, immediately after the election of such General Committee, nine Directors, three of whom shall serve for a term of three years, three for two years, and three for one year. From the whole
number so elected it shall be determined by lot of said Directors which shall serve for three years, two years, and one year.
Section 4. Thereafter, at the Annual Convention, there shall be elected by the General Committee, three Directors to serve for a term of three years each.
Section 5. :Any affiliating Rotary Club failing for two successive years to send a delegate or delegates to the National Convention shall thereby forfeit its membership in this Association.
Section 6. The term of office of all other officers, including the members of the General Committee, shall be for one year, or until their successors shall have been elected and have qualified.
Section 7. All officers except the Secretary and Treasurer shall serve without compensation. The Board of Directors shall fix the salary of the Secretary. The Treasurer shall be paid a salary of $1.00 a year for his services.
Section 8. The President shall be 'ex officio' a member of the Board of Directors.
Article VIII. Elections.
Section 1. The President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer -and Sergeant-at-Arms shall be elected at the Annual Convention by ballot in the following manner: After nominations, the Convention shall proceed to ballot for said officers and the nominees receiving the majority of votes of the Convention shall be declared elected.
Section 2. The Secretary shall be elected by the Board of Director.
Article IX. Quorum.
The Convention quorum shall consist of thirty (30) delegates. The quorum of the General Committee shall be one-half of the members of said Committee plus one. The quorum of the Board of Directors shall be six.
Article X. Amendments.
Additions or amendments to the Constitution or By-Laws of this Association shall be made only at a regular Convention thereof and by a two-thirds vote of the members represented thereat. Any resolution to add to or amend this Constitution shall be mailed to the Secretary at least sixty (60) days prior to the date of the Convention, and no such resolution shall be acted upon at such Convention unless written or printed notice thereof shall have been given by the Secretary to the respective affiliating Rotary Clubs at least thirty (30) days prior to the date of Convention.
Article XI. Ratification.
Section 1. Every affiliating Rotary Club before or at the time of receiving the certificate of membership in this Association referred to in Article III, Section 2, of this Constitution, shall execute and deliver to the Secretary of this Associations ratification of this Constitution and By-Laws in substantially the following form:
The Rotary Club of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .organized under the laws of . . . . . . . . . . . or a voluntary Association (as the case may be), in consideration of the delivery of the certificate of organized membership in the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS OF AMERICA, receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, hereby ratifies and agrees to be bound in all things, not contrary to law, by the Constitution and By-Laws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ROTARY CLUBS OF AMERICA and to faithfully observe the same.
BY - LAWS
Article 1. President.
Section 1. The President shall preside at the Conventions of the Association and at all meetings of the Board of Directors, and be its chief executive officer, exercising a general supervision over the interests and the welfare of the Association. He shall call special meetings of the Board of Directors at his discretion or upon the written request of five members of the Board.
Section 2. The Vice-Presidents, in the absence of the President, shall, in their order, perform the duties of and have the same authority as the President.
Section 3. In the absence of the President and Vice-presidents, a President 'pro tempore' shall be elected by ballot from the Board of Directors.
Article II - Secretary.
The duties of the Secretary shall be such as may be assigned to him from time to time by the Board of Directors. He shall answer all correspondence, sign all documents issued by the Association, keep the accounts, receive all moneys paid to the Association, and turn the same over to the Treasurer within thirty days, taking his receipt therefor, and shall make a report to the Association at the Annual Convention. He shall give bond for the faithful discharge of his duties, in a sum and with sureties as required by the Board of Directors.
The Secretary shall prepare and mail to members of the respective Clubs such literature as shall be authorized by the Board of Directors.
Article III. Treasurer.
Section 1. The Treasurer shall receive from the Secretary all funds paid in, and shall deposit the same in such banking institution as may be designated by the Board of Directors, and shall disburse the same by order of said Board. His accounts and books shall at all times be open to the inspection of the Board of Directors, the
President and the Auditing Committee. He shall make a report to the Association at Annual Convention, or more often if required, and give bond for the faithful discharge of his duties in a sum and with sureties as required by the. Board of Directors.
Article IV. Board of Directors.
Section 1. The Board of Directors shall manage and control the business of the Association and all appropriations of its funds, but shall have no power to make the Association liable for any debt or debts to an amount which shall exceed the sum of cash in the hands of the Treasurer and not otherwise appropriated. The Board shall, as soon after the Annual Convention as possible, act upon the Committee appointments made by the President, and may instruct the President to appoint such other committees as occasion may require and as may seem proper for the carrying out of the objects of the Association. The President shall, with the approval of the Board of Directors, have power to fill vacancies.
Section 2. The Board of Directors shall meet at least twice each year. The first meeting shall be held immediately after the election of the Board at the Convention hall.
Section 3. Another meeting shall be held within twenty-four hours prior to the first session of the Annual Convention, in the convention city. The Secretary shall cause written notice of the time and place of such meeting to be mailed to each Director twenty days prior to said meeting.
Section 4. The Board of Directors may transact business by mail, provided the Secretary shall cause to be sent to each director a copy of the proposed resolution to be voted upon. If within thirty days thereafter six members of the Board of Directors shall send his vote in favor of said resolution in writing the Secretary; such resolution shall be deemed carried, otherwise it shall fail.
Article V. Standing Committee.
Section 1. The President shall appoint the following standing committees:
An Auditing Committee, the Chairman of which shall be a member of the Board of Directors.
A Civic Committee.
The President shall designate the Chairman of each Committee.
Section 2. The Standing committees shall consider such matters as are pertinent to the specific objects, and shall suggest to the Board of Directors for approval such line of action as may be deemed wise. Each standing committee shall consist of five members.
Article VI. Order of Business.
The following order of business shall be observed at the Annual Convention:
1. Appointment of Committee on Credentials.
2. Report of the President.
3. Report of the Treasurer.
4. Report of the Secretary.
5. Appointment of Committees on:
6. Reports of Standing Committees.
7. Reports of Special Committees.
8. Unfinished Business.
9. New Business.
Article VII. Association Property.
All officers and chairmen of Committees shall report in writing at the Annual Convention of the Association. All books, documents, reports of officers and reports of chairmen of Committees shall be the property of the Association.
Article VIII. Amendments.
These By-Laws may be amended as provided in Article X of the Constitution.
I hereby certify that the foregoing Constitution and By-Laws have been duly and unanimously adopted by and for the National Association of Rotary Clubs of America, in convention assembled at Chicago, Illinois, this seventeenth day of August, 1910.
CHESLEY R. PERRY
Chairman of the Convention
-Eleven pages are used here in order that the reader may see how clearly these men thought about Rotary away back in 1910. - J.A.C.
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