Joseph A. Caulder Collection
Past Rotary International Director 1928-29 - Regina, Sask., Canada
"Eyewitness to Rotary International's First 50 Years"
JOSEPH A. CAULDER - An eyewitness to Rotary International's first 50 years.
Rotary Information Book 4
[Pages E-1 through M-14] [Pages N-1 through V-10] [Pages W-1 through End]
ADDRESS BY WADE TAYLOR OF GRAND FALLS, MAINE AT THE CONFERENCE OF DISTRICT 781 AT HOULTON, MAINE ON
MAY 8th, 1965
This morning we have been asked to give some attention to Rotary Information, and especially to the problem of how to strengthen your club through better Rotary information, - that most interesting subject which deals with understanding of the rules and regulations and precepts which govern the operation of Rotary clubs.
During the sixty years which Rotary has been in existence, it has grown from a single club in the city of Chicago to approximately 12,000 clubs spread all over the universe.
The simple rules that might be satisfactory for the guidance of a single club are no longer suitable for the complex situation posed by 12,000 clubs, involving members from many different races, influenced by varied native customs and still striving to acquire a uniformity that will enable all clubs to operate on a standard basis acceptable in all areas.
This is quite a problem and many hours of thoughtful deliberation have been spent in evolving the changes which are in effect today. Each step has been taken with caution and careful attention will be given to any further changes deemed necessary in the future.
It is most interesting to look at today’s regulations and compare them with those in effect a few years back. To do so gives an
outline of the road along which Rotary has travelled and the destination toward which it is header.
It has always been difficult for idealism to cope with a social environment based on expediency, but here on have a brave and simple effort continues to show signs of success.
The spread of the Rotary movement throughout the world, on a purely voluntary basis, involving men of recognized ability holding responsible positions in their communities reflects the universal hope for betterment, in human relations around the world..
The rules and regulations which these men have established to guide the conduct of their affairs have been more widely accepted than most international agreements..
Let us look at some of these regulations now in effect, with an eye to the past, and see what changes they indicate have taken place in Rotary.
According to the standard constitution draughted for Rotary clubs, - and I hope that you will not be bored with the repetition of familiar quotations, The Object of Rotary is to encourage and foster the ideal of service, as basis of worthy enterprise and in particular, to encourage, and foster:
Second - High ethical standards in business and professions; the recognition of the worthiness of all useful occupations and
the dignifying by each Rotarian of his occupation as an opportunity to serve society;
Third - application of the ideal of service by every Rotarian to his personal, business and community life;
Fourth - The advancement of international understanding, goodwill and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional men united in the ideal of service.
That is quite different from the original concept of Rotary when the first club was formed but you and I, as Rotarians of this moment, are pledged to subscribe to it.
In the beginning Rotary aimed at something quite different from what is expressed in the Object of Rotary quoted above. Service above Self is almost a complete reversal of the original concept.
But sixty years of trial and deliberation and the application of wisdom to problems as they arose have produced the result which we have today.
According to some sources, the public image of the average Rotarian is more closely associated with the original concept than with the declaration of today "Object of Rotary". But our leaders know differently; most dedicated Rotarians know differently; and time will vindicate the judgement which has proclaimed the change.
Perhaps we should have a formal little ceremony once or twice a year and have the chairman of Rotary Information read over and refresh our memories concerning the
Object which we profess to follow:
Another indication of change lies in the membership regulations. At first it was deemed sufficient that a man had something to offer in the market place and wished to share in a friendly good time in order to become a member of a Rotary club.
Today we have four kinds of membership, - with variations and restrictions. These are, - and again I beg your indulgence, -
1. Active Membership - which requires that each active member shall be an adult male person; of good character and good business and professional reputation; engaged as proprietor, manager, or other important position in his business or profession; and personally and actively engaged, within the territorial limits of his club, in the business or profession in which he is classified in the club, and having a place of business located therein.
The active membership of a club shall consist of but one man from each classification of business or profession, excepting the newspaper and religion classifications; and further excepting the provision for Additional Active members.
In this matter of additional active membership, we have a somewhat involved situation in that an active member may take the initiative and propose an additional man from his own concern or establishment and have the cub elect him under the classification held by the proposer, or -
the club, subject to the approval of the holder
of the classification, may elect to additional active membership in the club any former active member of a Rotary club whose place of business is within the territorial limits of the club, provided that his former membership was terminated because he removed from the territorial limits of his former club and further provided that there shall in no case be more than one additional active member elected in respect of any one classification under this provision.
In either case, additional active membership terminates when the classification becomes vacant.
There are other restrictions on active membership, imposed under (a) the heading of Public Office Holder, elected or appointed for a specified time, and (b) a Local Preference clause covering local agents.
2. Senior Active Membership (a). Any active member who has been an active member of this or other clubs for a total of 15 or more years; or who is of the age of 60 or more years after having been an active member of one or more clubs for a total of 10 or more years; or who is a present or past officer of Rotary International; or any past service member of this club and who, at the time he ceased to be an active member had the qualifications for senior active membership, may, at this option become a senior active member by notifying the secretary in writing.
b. Any active member of the age of 65 or more, after having been an active member of one or more clubs for a total of 5 or more years shall automatically become a senior active member.
c. The club may at its option elect to Senior Active membership any former active member of any club who was eligible to senior active membership at the time the ceased to be an active member, providing he resides within the territorial limits of the club, or within the surrounding area.
d. a senior active member shall have all the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of an active member, except, 1 - he shall not be considered as representing a classification; 2 - he shall not have the right to propose an additional active member.
This seems to clear the decks for the bright eyed, eager youngsters but still make kindly provision for those who no longer have the strength, or energy, or good health necessary for the daily work of an active club.
3. Past Service Membership - a former active member whose active membership was terminated because of his retirement from active business or professional life, may be elected a Past Service member, provided he has been an active member in one or more clubs for 5 or more years. This may occur at the time of, or at any time after, the termination of his active membership, provided he has all the other qualifications of a past service member. If his retirement from active business or professional life occurs after he has ceased to be a member of a Rotary club, he is not eligible to past service membership. He must reside and continue to reside within the territorial limits of the club, or within the surrounding area, unless he has been a member in the club in which event he may continue to reside in the locality of his residence at the time he ceased to be an active member.
A past service member shall have the rights, privileges and responsibilities of an active member, except, 1 - he shall not be considered as representative of a classification, 2 - he is limited in his option to become a Senior Active member, 3 - he does not have the right to propose an additional active member.
4. Honorary Membership - a male person who resides within, or who has resided within, the territorial limits of the club and who has distinguished himself by meritorious service in the furtherance of Rotary ideals there or elsewhere, may be elected to honorary membership in the club.
Honorary members shall be exempt from payment of admission fees and dues; shall have so vote and shall not be eligible to hold office in the club; shall not be considered as representing a classification; but shall be entitled to attend all meetings and enjoy all other privileges of the club.
No honorary member is entitled to any rights or privileges in any other club.
The tenure of honorary membership is from year to year.
All this business about membership sounds quite complicated but the simple objective seems to be to get men of good character, holding-responsible positions in the community and put them to work in object of service . . also to provide graceful and honorable associations with the club for them when their turn comes to relinquish to work to younger hands.
It seems to work satisfactory from Singapore to to Syracuse but it requires an informed membership to apply the rules. That is where your Rotary Information Committee comes into this picture.
Another matter of every day concern to all clubs is the applicaiton of the attendance rules.
It is specified that the membership of any Active, Senior Active or Past Service member, who is absent from four consecutive regular weekly meetings, shall automatically terminate unless such absence is made up, or he is excused by the Board for good and sufficient reason.
Attendance at a regular meeting of any other Rotary club on any of the six days immediately preceding the day of absence, on the day of absence itself, or in any of the six days immediately following the day of absence will earn full credit for making up attendance.
The membership of any Active, Senior Active, or Past Service member who percentage of attendance is less than 60% during the first, or the second six months of a club's fiscal year shall automatically terminate unless he is excused by the Board for good and sufficient reason.
Any senior active or past service member who, because of protracted ill health or impairment, is physically unable to comply with these attendance provisions may, during the period of its continuance, upon application to the Board, be excused from complying with attendance requirements and his absence shall not be computed in the
attendance record of the club.
Any senior active or past service member who has been a member of one or more Rotary clubs for in the aggregate 20 or more years, and has reached the age of 65 years, may notify the secretary in writing of his desire to be excused from complying with attendance requirements. If approved by the Board, such member's attendance or absence shall not be computed in the attendance record of the club.
Should an active, senior active or past service member of a club present himself at the regular time and place of meeting of any other club for the purpose of attending the meeting; and such club has omitted, postponed, or changed the time or place of the meeting, said member is entitled to credit for such meeting as if it had been held. Under these circumstances, however, the only way a member can earn attendance credit at his own club is actually to attend the regular meeting of his club at the time or place to which it has been changed.
This may appear to be a lot of fussy stipulations about attendance but it does provide a simple yet official way to promote the deadwood out of the club; it makes the ills and aches of old age less severe in excluding an old timer from his friends; and it provides rules which enable al participating clubs to score on an equal basis in attendance statistics. But here again Rotary Information has to keep the members informed or things go awry.
And here is one provision that experience and wisdom combined to produce, under the heading of Public Office: -
1. The general welfare of the community is of concern to club members and the merits of any public question involving such welfare may be fairly and intelligently studied and discussed before a club meeting for the enlightenment of the members in forming individual opinions. However, the club shall not express an opinion on any pending controversial matter.
2. Nor shall the club endorse or recommend any candidate for public office and shall not discuss at any club meeting the merits or demerits of any such candidate.
Letters which I have seen from clubs in Egypt, from Cyprus, from Formosa, and from some South American countries indicate that this provision about Public Affairs is not generally understood.
And here is a little gem of good advice from Resolutions and Subscriptions -
No resolution or motion to commit the club on any matter shall be considered by the club until it has been considered by the Board. Such resolutions or motions, if offered at a Club meeting, shall be referred to the Board without discussion.
According to the Standard Club By-Laws, the Rotary Information committee shall consist of three members, with staggered appointments, one member to be appointed each year for a term of three years. This insures continuity of effort and provides the committee with seasoned members.
It is the duty of this committee to devise carry into effect plans,
1. To give prospective members information about the privileges and responsibilities of membership in a Rotary club;
2. To give the members, especially new members, adequate understanding of the privileges and responsibilities of members;
3. To give the members information about Rotary, its history, object, scope, activities and
4. To give the members information as to developments in the administration operation of Rotary International.
Rotary International has suggested the following means of helping to carry out these duties:
1. Devote 3 to 5 minutes at the opening of each meeting for the purpose of bringing to the members pointed thoughts on Rotary, which will extend their knowledge and understanding of Rotary.
2. The activities of the Rotary Information Committee should be interested in assisting all members, and especially the new members, to acquire adequate understanding of Rotary.
3. A program designed to exercise the individual Rotarian's knowledge of the four avenues of service and their implementation should be presented at least once a month throughout the year.
4. New members should be encouraged at attend several meetings of the club assembly and the club Board of Directors, as well as the meetings of the various committees and the district conference.
5. It is recommended that the club Rotary Information Committee be evaluated to a position of major importance with enlarged and greater co-ordinating responsibility and with a continuing responsibility to provide Rotary information to the entire club membership and that emphasis be placed upon the appointment to the best qualified man available.
Your Rotary Information committee obviously is designed to plan an important part in the conduct of the affairs of your club, and the strengthening of your club.
It is an important factor in the introduction of new members to your club; it has the task of making all members conversant with the rules of the game and when a club meets only for a few minutes once each week, with a hurried program being presented to busy men, it requires ingenuity and understanding to get across to them reminders of information that once was familiar, and the introduction of new information as developments progress.
Knowledgeable men, dedicated to presenting an interesting program are required to achieve some semblance of conformity.
The individual songster can pretty much place his own interpretation on the musical signs indicated by the composer but when a chorus of many voices undertakes to sing the piece, the signs must be properly observed, or great discord will result.
Likewise when you have approximately 12,000 Rotary Clubs following a universal program, there has to be conformity of the result eventually will be chaotic.
Reasonable conformity and unison will strengthen your club, and consequently all clubs in Rotary International, so I would like to leave this thought with you.
In the Rotary movement we have a great experiment in goodwill and international understanding. As the number of clubs involved in this movement increases, so does the complexity of having a uniform and unified program work out successfully.
The making of your club, and thus of each club, a well informed club will insure the necessary uniformity of action.
You, as the chairman of Rotary Information in your club, bear the responsibility of keeping your club strong and efficient in this department.
I feel sure that you will carry of your responsibilities honorably and creditably.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
This is a splendid address and well delivered. There are, however, a couple of comments I would make on it.
I would underline "if approved by the Board" because this is important. The Board should refuse unless the man is handicapped physically, mentally or financially.
Paragraph 2 - page 9 is not quite clear. If a man goes to another club and if for any reason there is no meeting at the time or place, he will report to his Secretary and will be given credit for attendance.
In paragraph 6 page A.10 with reference to the Rotary Information Committee having only 3 members and each appointed (staggered) for 3 years. I am unable to find this Enactment. In the Toronto Club the Rotary Information committee has about 30 members.
Last paragraph on Page 11 - Also in many clubs a new member could not attend the Board Meetings on account of the private discussions that must take place.
It might also be mentioned that when a member asks for Senior Membership in his own club he becomes a member for life so long as he pays his dues and maintains a 60% attendance record in any club or clubs. This of course is before it becomes mandatory. If he is elected Senior Active in another club and moves away, he loves his membership.
For some years the Rotary Club of Toronto has been deeply interested in F.R.O.S. (Friendly Relations, Overseas Students). This was and is operated from an old and large house and under the direction of Mrs. Kay Riddell. It is at 45 Willcocks St. The need is great and it forms a meeting place for students from far away lands who are lonely. A few years ago a movement started to erect a building on the University campus. A drive for funds spearheaded by the Rotary Club of Downsview and greatly aided by the Toronto Club" went out to raise $250,000.00 by asking each club to contribute $100.00 per member. By the spring of 1965 the sum exceeded $200,000.00. The University could not decide on a location and eventually offered us Baldwin House at 33 St. George St. This exceeds anything we Gould erect with funds available.
Now in 1966 it is expected we will be operating in our fine new home, all newly decorated and furnished. (JAC)
This new phase of Rotary is growing rapidly. At first it moved slowly but in 1964-65 a total of 420 new clubs were organized. By June 30, 1965 there were 855 clubs in 44 countries and with 21,000 members. The growth has amazed most old Rotarians.
Alsosee Page D-20 and D-20-A
It is very interesting to go to far away countries and to just casually drop in on a Rotary Club. How different they are, and still how alike, in their desire to do something for their fellowmen who are not so fortunate, as themselves.
The club of Addis Ababa in Ethiopia was formed in 1955 and one would think, after even a day in the country, how was it possible to start Rotary in what seemed an impossible country. I visited this Club in 1956 when it was only one year old and still it operated as smoothly as Oshawa or Guelph. The German Ambassador was the president and he did a very fine job, The only native Ethiopian then was Emperor Haile Selassie who was given Honorary membership. The hotel was as excellent as anywhere. It was built as part of the new palace but the Emperor did not like it so turned it into a hotel. The same system of fining the members as a visitor might see at Kleinburg and the same good fellowship. A little inquiring and I found out that the new Rotary club was already mixed up in every good cause in the city of 600,000 where poverty is on every hand and ignorance is the rule.
A visit to Hong Kong in 1956 was an eye-opener. It happened I was lucky and had arrived just in time for the Area Conference. Hong Kong was not districted at the time owing to a lack of confidence in the people of Taiwan (better known to us as Formosa)
and Macao. Now in 1965 these clubs are in District 345 and consist of Macao club, which is in a Portuguese territory close to the Red Chinese border, 6 clubs in Hong
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Kong (a Crown Colony) and 27 in China or Formosa. There are 5 clubs in Taipei alone. I found that three day conference very stimulating. It was conducted entirely in English and I left thre feeling that the educated Chinese people belonged to the select of the world. I have attended almost 100 conferences around the world but never did I attend a conference where I heard Rotary better discussed and expounded.
In Seoul (Korea) in District 375 the club (in 1956) met at the Banda Hotel, thenowned by Madam Rhee, wife of President Rhee, and at the time managed by a Toronto man. I had an enjoyable incident. I was seated at the head table next to the President and introduced as Joe Caulder from Toronto, Canada. A Chinese gentleman right across the table from me, grinned and said, "do you know Buck Crump?" I assured him I did as he was President of the C.P.R. and was once a member of our Toronto club. He gave me his card and asked me to pass on his kind regards as they had been friends years ago when both were attending the University of Indiana.
In Berlin when I registered for my attendance at once action started and a special table numbered 8 was placed in the centre of the room and a Union Jack was placed in the centre. Three men were brought to my table. One was a high British official, one the Swedish Ambassador and the third was Germany's top world explorer, big game hunter and writ.er. All spoke excellent English and it was an enjoyable luncheon.
In Colombo, Ceylon, District 320, on my arrival at the beautiful Galle Hotel, I was
Page A. 19
met by Dr. J. H. L. Jayasuriya, who was known by his Rotary friends as Dr. Berte. Also a personal friend of Basil and Doris Tippet. He was the leading surgeon of Celyon. He had given up his private practice to devote his entire time to forming T. B. hospitals for children. I had arrived at 6 P.M. At once also I met Harry Arnold of Baltimore and we dined at 10 P.M. as Dr. Bertie first had to show us his first hospital for children. It was a few miles out of Colombo and in a beautiful evergreen grove. There we saw 120 small black children being given a chance to live through the work and generosity of Dr. Bertie, the leading and beloved Rotarian of Ceylon.
In Denmark at a small club as we passed into the dining room we stopped at a table an decide what we wanted for lunch. Each article was represented by a small slip of coloured paper. We put these slips on the table by our plate and a waitress brought us what the slips called for. Beside each plate was a small brown envelope. Printed on the envelope was a list of everything on the luncheon and the price was shown. Each member put the luncheon money in the envelope and sealed it. They were not signed. I asked the hotel manager how they came out and he said, "always a little over". That surely speaks volumes for the honesty of Denmark’s Rotarians.
I could go on for pages but this is enough to show that Rotary functions everywhere, under all kinds of people and conditions.
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In the early days of Rotary the man who were guiding its destinies took care to see that no legislation was passed that would impede Rotary’s growth anywhere in the world.
I have never seen a club in the wilds of South America or in the poor regions of India or Pakistan that was not doing good work in its community.
Pasquale Bucci, Rotarian
Travel - Bureau Operator
Rotarians everywhere have a duty - - yes, so obligation -- to put in, actual practice certain virtues which make a country great, such as the unity and holiness of family life; the piety of children; the sacred relations of man with his God at every step; the sanctity of the solemnly pledged word, ethics -- honor -- self-control. What would be the result of this way of life? Rotary, throughout the world with firm belief in these simple maxims as its spiritual goal, would create an army so strong, so noble, and so effective that the destruction of Communism would appear as a moral imperative, a divine order, and a law cast over the chaos now facing us everywhere as a result of propaganda and sinister intrigues disseminated among us, under the guise of brotherhood -- with cloak and dagger ready to strike.
- - From a Rotary Club address.
WHY ARE WE HERE?
In other parts of the four books I have written how Rotary started and grew, especially in Book 4, pages S1 to S12
The birth of a baby boy in Racine, Wisconsin on April 19th, 1868 is the main reason for us being at any Rotary gathering in 1965.
Years ago about 1940 Ches. Perry asked the question, "Why do Rotarians spend over $100,000,000.00 a year on Rotary lunches, District Conferences?" and answered by saying, "If we had a machine for registering the good done around the World in thousands of ways I am sure we would decide the expenditure was well worthwhile!".
Rotary was established in Chicago in 1905. Anyone who knew the conditions existing in Chicago in that era would agree that something should be done to protect the uneducated and the over-trusting and the innocent.
If you have not read Upton Sinclair's book "The Jungle" published in 1905 and telling the awful story of how the unlearned immigrants to U.S. were treated in Chicago at that time, you should go to your library and get the book, or better still, go to a good book store and buy it for yourself and your children and your grandchildren to read.
The world is not perfect yet. There is much misery and greed and much crookedness, but everyone knows that great improvements have been made in 61 years.
How much of that improvement is due to Rotary? No one knows or no one can ever make a good guess but those of us who have been in Rotary close to 50 years will readily give Rotary credit for much good accomplished in its 60 years of life.
Paul Harris loved people, so much so that he spent five years seeing the world and earning his way by often the hardest kind of labour.
Then in 1896 he settled in Chicago, the great and wicked city, where he knew no one. Times were very hard and progress in the legal profession was slow. Finally he organized a small group of men in a little club. He wanted friends and needed clients. His small club of at first only 4 men, grew rapidly. Paul admits it grew because is quickly developed into a back-scratching group. Each tried to help the other. It worked.
Paul Harris and Silvester Schiele backed a little later by Arthur Frederick Sheldon, Harry Ruggles, Ches. Perry and a few others, felt the club should have some worthwhile objective and one day in 1907 a doctor in the club mentioned that a young doctor in La Grange, a Chicago suburb, had the bad luck to have his horse die. A hat was passed and $150.00 was collected to buy a new horse. A few weeks later it was suggested that a Comfort Station was needed downtown Chicago. A committee went to see the Mayor and in a short time $20,000.00 was raised and the station was built and is still operating in 1965.
And so Rotary had set its course and Community Service had
been adopted as one of Rotary's avenues of service.
Since that time Rotary has launched out in many directions. Development of the individual, Boys work, Crippled Childrens, Senior Citizens, Probationers Aid, Vocational Service and many, many other sidelines.
When our Toronto club holds its Senior Citizens Day each Christmas season it is great seeing the joy in their faces. Then just before Christmas our Crippled Childrens' party. Also the Bowmanville Boys School, founded by the Toronto club, has a Christmas party put on by a group of our members.
Multiply these efforts by tens of thousands of similar bits of good work done in over 12,000 clubs is 128 countries and the good done cannot be figured in dollars.
Another kind of good work is The Rotary Foundation. Rotary has raised over $12,000,000.00 from its members for advanced education. Just about 2,000 students have studied as Rotary Fellows. The good done by this work cannot even be estimated but surely it is helping World Understanding and is breaking down old prejudices.
This is part of the answer to the question "Why Are We Here?".
Just a desire on the part of 580,000 men to try to leave the world a little better than he found it.
Surely a worthy objective.
J. A. CAULDER.
From The Rotarian, August, 1965
By Bert Deveue – Pittsworth
I like to think of Rotary
As a club where fellows meet
To enjoy each others friendship
On one day every week.
To extend the hand of friendship
To share the others, load
To offer him a helping hand
Along the troubled road.
Where a man's worth can be valued
Not by gold he may have won
But the kind of life he's living
And the good he may have done.
In Rotary is a brotherhood
Of true and trusted men
Who live a life of service
And I'm glad I'm one of them.
ADDRESS DELIVERED BY W.
First of all, I should like express the simple words "Welcome to Rotary" to the charter members of the new Rotary Club of Toronto-East. May each of you come to realize, as much as we who have been Rotarians for some time, that there is an indefinable ingredient in Rotary which makes it unique among Service Clubs and makes your membership a priceless possession.
There are a few members in the Rotary Club of Toronto who have never been in favour of extending Rotary in this community. Fortunately, these have been in the minority. There are now, I believe, 16 individual autonomous Rotary clubs within the Metro boundaries and certainly many others on the fringes, each of which, almost without exception, is a healthy and vigorous club, each taking its full share of Rotary responsibility within the community. Neither the effectiveness nor the growth of the Rotary Club of Toronto has been deterred one bit by the establishment of these clubs and I for one am delighted that so many more men are able to share with us our ideal of service.
We have, over the years and with the help of these other clubs, created a Rotary image and a Rotary tradition within the overall community that should be a matter of great pride and it is this image and this tradition which I want to speak about this evening.
Several weeks ago District Governor Tibor Gregor expressed the feeling, and I believe that he meant it quite sincerely, that in his opinion it was time for someone to do some chest-thumping about the Rotary Club of Toronto. That these new Rotarians should be made completely aware of how Rotary got its start in our city and should know at least some of the traditions of which they now become a part, and so was asked to tell the story of the Rotary Club of Toronto. Mine will not, then, be an impassioned discourse on the wonderful philosophy of Rotary such as might be given by the District Governor or by one of our very capable past R.I. officers and which is the more usual type of talk given at Charter Night Dinners. Mine will be the simple, factual story of our club. Many of you know this story but perhaps not all of it and I can tell you it has been an interesting exercise in research for me to dig out much of this material. It's a long
next page. . .
and it's a fascinating story and I certainly must leave out far more than I am able to include in the few minutes at my disposal.
You can never predict the consequences of the deeds you perform On a bright and sunny Sunday afternoon in the town of Sarajvo in June of 1914 a young Serbian student fired two pistol shots. This seemingly isolated incident served, as we all know, to plunge the whole world into a holocaust which in four years resulted in 20 million casualties. Alexander Graham Bell when he first heard the faint sound of his assistant's voice transmitted through a thin strand of wire from the next room could hardly have conceived that his telephone would develop to be the instrument which we take so much for granted today as a necessary part of our lives, spanning oceans and continents to permit us to have instantaneous conversation.
On the night of February 23rd, 1905 a miracle happened on Dearborn Street in Chicago. Those who participated could not, in their wildest imaginings, have foreseen that what happened that evening would result in the letting loose of a force so great that in half a century it would spread its influence completely around the world, take root in 127 countries in all continents, capture
the loyalties and the imaginations of more than half a million men, gain the respect of the man on the street and the rulers of nations alike. This miracle, of course, was the birth of Rotary. From the fertile mind and the lonely heart of Paul Harris an idea has come for forming a new kind of club, an idea which stimulated the imaginations of the three men who had joined him that evening in a drab Chicago office. There was Gus Loehr, Hiram Shorey and Silvester Schiele and within a few days other friends and acquaintances had been drawn into the circle. The first meetings were informal but basic rules were adopted and gradually the Rotary Club of Chicago came into existence. Then Rotary Clubs began to be organized in other of the larger cities of the United States and the idea in a few years spread to Canada and then overseas and we have seen what happened.
The Rotary of today is a result of the enthusiasm of men who believed in its potential influence and wanted to see that influence extended and strengthened, men who prayed that some day the ideals in which they believed might advance understanding and goodwill wherever Rotary had taken root. Truly, on that night of February 23rd, 1905
a miracle had happened on Dearborn Street. The rest of the story, is well known to most Rotarians and the new ones can read it for themselves if they haven't already done so.
In Toronto 7 years later a similar fateful meeting was held in one, of the parlours of the King Edward Hotel. It was the evening of November 28th, 1912 and here again those few men who became the charter members of the Rotary Club of Toronto could hardly have conceived of what would eventually grow out of their initial efforts to form of in of these still-new Rotary clubs in their community. Little did these Toronto business men realize that their club would sponsor 15 other clubs in Ontario and that these would in turn sponsor others so that by 1965 there would be an estimated 125 Rotary Clubs in 5 Districts having a total membership of over 5,000, each of which could trace their beginnings directly back, in some cases as many as l0 generations of Clubs to the Rotary Club of Toronto. Their Rotary charter was No. 55. This means, of course, that in the 7 years following Paul Harris’ first fateful meeting with his cronies, over 50 other clubs had been formed. The Toronto Club was only the second in Canada. The first Rotary, Club formed outside
of the United States was the-Rotary Club of Winnipeg and its establishment in 1910, two years earlier than Toronto, made Rotary truly international.
And what was Toronto like in 1912? Well, we wouldn't have recognized it. The city boundaries encompassed little more than the area which we now call downtown. On November 28th, 1912, the date of which we speak, the Toronto Star shows that something called "Gypsy Love" was playing at the Princess Theatre. Swift' s Premium Hams were advertised at 20¢ a pound. Eaton's were selling top-quality mens' winter suits at $20.00 and the classified ads offered a l0 room home on Forest Hill Road for $12,500;00.
It is interesting to speculate on the beginnings of Toronto Rotary. The picture is not entirely documented and for that reason isn't completely clear. It would seem, however, that one of those who were to become a charter member of our club, and no one seems to know who it was, had had the good fortune of visiting a Rotary Club either in the United States or perhaps even the new club in Winnipeg. He had enjoyed it so much that he wanted to form a similar Club in Toronto. There
were luncheon clubs in Toronto at that time but that's all they were. I think this individual, whoever he was, was captivated by Rotary's combined offering of fellowship and service. In any case, he wrote to Paul Harris in Chicago for details and Paul in in turn wrote to Burton Pfeiffer of Buffalo who was then the Vice-President of the newly, formed International Association of Rotary Clubs. Pfeiffer was also an active Scottish Rite Mason and through a few of his Masonic friends in Toronto was able to set up a meeting of Toronto business men. On Thursday, November 28th, 1912, 40 of these men, leaders of the business and professional life in this community, after listening to Burton Pfeiffer quietly describe the Rotary principles as they were known then, decided that they did want to become a part of Rotary and to be the charter members of the new Rotary Club of Toronto. Provisional directors were elected at that meeting including William .Peace, Manager of the Toronto branch for Imperial Life who was elected President. Ralph Waldo Emerson Burnaby a real estate agent was elected Vice-President. George Wark, Secretary of Office Specialty Company became Secretary. George Brigden of Brigden's Limited became Treasurer and H. C. Blachford of H. & C. Blachford Limited became Registrar. The President and Officers were authorized to make the
Necessary expenditures in order to commence operations, and annual dues were set at $5.00 per member.
The newly elected provisional officers searched the city for suitable place to take lunch together at a reasonable price. After rejecting an offer from the manager of the King Edward Hotel to serve luncheons at $2.50 per member, a decision was made that the first weekly meeting was to be held at McConky's Restaurant, King Street East, on Tuesday the l0th day of December, 1912.
Letters Patent were granted by the Provincial Secretary under the Ontario Companies' Act in March of 1913 and a Charter was received from the International Association of Rotary Clubs in April. Almost the first thing done after incorporation was the sending of a donation to the Rotary Club of Dayton, Ohio, to aid the victims of a disastrous flood which had inundated part of that city. In 1914 an office in the Stock Exchange building was furnished and leased for three years. In 1915, with the First World War in full swing, a club donation was made for settlement work in the city and during that year the club started a project
that was to be taken up and encouraged by the city fathers, the cultivation by the citizens of Toronto of virtually hundreds of vacant lots as Victory Gardens. Our Rotarians led the way and participated fully and some of them for vegetables through exhibits of their produce at the Canadian National Exhibition. Other patriotic activities were initiated, as was the giving of Christmas hampers to the needy.
In 1916 the Board of Directors of Rotary International held its first meeting Outside of the United States, right here in Toronto as guests of our club. It was in that same year that Rotarian Sir Harry Lauder, who was on a tour of Canada to sell Victory Bonds, came to a meeting of the Toronto Rotary Club. Can you imagine it? As a result of his popular appeal $800,000.00 worth of Victory Bonds were subscribed by the Rotarians and guests In attendance at that one meeting, Later in 1917 54 members from the Rotary Club of Toronto attended the Cincinnati Convention where our Baseball Club won the Rotary International Championship. $86,000 was collected by Rotarians from employees of Toronto Industry for the Canadian Patriotic Fund and it was in.1917 that our "Rotary Voice'" was first published.
Before that, notices of meetings were sent on the business stationery of the speaker4 of the day
Many of us, I am sure, and I include myself, consider the concept of United Appeal or Community Chest, whatever you want to call it, to be a relatively modern one. This, I find, is not the case. Certainly not in our community. In 1918 there were perhaps 40 separate social agencies in Toronto, each concerned with different aspect of the welfare of our citizens and in those days little could be expected in the way of financial support from government. Each agency was obliged to seek funds from the business men of the community who eventually and naturally became completely disenchanted with the endless individual demands for money. But it was Rotary and its business men members who did something about it. Through one of the members who was head of the Neighbourhood Workers Association, Rotary arranged a meeting with the other agencies and proposed a plan for a common unified drive for funds. Out of this meeting came what was called the "Federation for Community Service". Rotary put up $5,000 to organize it and in 1919, when the first team captains and most of the canvassers. Their reward was the
collection of. $210,000 for distribution as equitably as possible among the 40 participating social agencies. This was the beginning of our United Appeal and, Rotary can take credit for starting it.
It was in 1919 that our boys’ work and our work with crippled children really had their start. By 1922 we had realized that the only way to make headway with boys who were constantly in trouble was somehow to remove them from their environment and provide a form of training that would serve to induce them to become useful citizens. One of our members generously donated land at Lake Wilcox and. it was there that we Started .the pilot project in boys' training schools which we called "Opportunity Outlook". This project proved to be so successful that in 1924 we were able to induce the provincial government, through a receptive Premier, to construct and staff a larger but similar training school at Bowmanville on 100 acres of land which had been promised by a member of the newly-formed Bowmanville Rotary Club. Our boys at Lake Wilcox were moved to Bowmanville when it was ready and we continued, through annual donations which averaged about $6,000 per year for many, many years, to maintain our interest in that wonderful institution, as well as the one at Cobourg, until our help was no longer needed.
In 1926 we opened our wonderful Fresh Air Camp at Bolton for underprivileged children and~ in that first summer ~a tent city was erected which gave 3,000 youngsters a 12 day holiday. The Bolton Camp Project was another which we maintained for many years until our help was no longer required.
By 1927 our work among boys in the Broadview-Danforth area had resulted in a branch of the YMCA being established there and later another branch was opened, I believe, in the Fairbanks area. Again as a result of our original work.
This was a thriving and vibrant club in the early days. For instance, in 1931 the records how that our attendances, at meetings in the month of November averaged 97.8%. In that year we provided 423 hampers which helped 2,200 people enjoy Christmas. The ladies of the Inner Wheel had packed and disposed of 150 layettes valued at $3,000. The report of the Crippled Childrens' Committee showed that its members had reported on 635 cases in the previous 5 years.
In 1929 we sponsored the foundation of the Rotary Club of Weston-Mount Dennis and the sponsorship of the Rotary Club of Mimico-New Toronto was undertaken the following year in 1930. Both of these clubs,
being inflected with the Rotary spirit, immediately commenced to do their share of the work in the overall community.
In 1940 shortly after the out-break of World War II we started the Toronto Rotary Highlanders, an actual Battalion of the famous fighting 48th Highlanders. The purpose was to train boys from the ages of 15 to 18 and to prepare them for possible military service with the active forces. All of the officers were Rotarians and I was a 16 year old Sergeant Bugler. At the end of the war the unit was disbanded, but Military District No. 2 has always been loud in praise of the service it performed.
By the time the war ended our activities in many fields of philanthropic endeavour continued to increase in leaps and bounds. Indeed, we were working in so many areas that we found it necessary to form a Special Events Committee to help us raise the vast amounts of money which we required. We sponsored baseball games, skating carnivals, and, of course, the biggest enterprise of all, the bringing of the Metropolitan Opera to Toronto for so many years. I feel quite sure that the performances of the Metropolitan Opera in Toronto did more to quicken the pace of cultural development in the city than anything before or since.
Indeed, I will go so far as to say that had it not been for our bringing the Opera to Toronto we would not now have our fabulous O'Keefe Centre and this would not now be the cultural into in to which it has developed. And, of course, these events, particularly the Metropolitan Opera, served to assist us in raising most of the money we needed to enable us to carry on. We made two grants of $50,000 each to the new Hospital for Sick Children then under construction.
If it had not been for our work among probationers and the pressure which we brought to bear on the provincial government this community would not now have the vastly expanded probationary services which are available. Far more first offenders would have been second offenders and perhaps even habitual offenders. There would be no House of Concord where these first offenders are being converted to useful, contributing members of society through training, instead of being social outcasts.
We point with pride to the Rotary Lodge at the Crippled Childrens' Treatment Centre on Bayview where the parents of handicapped youngsters can find accommodation near
at hand while they learn the
methods of treatment and therapeutic exercise which they will be required to maintain after the child is sent home to them.
There are so many things of equal importance that I could enumerate as being among our activities, but as I said at the beginning, the telling of this story leaves out as much as it includes. And yet, I believe we have covered enough to realize that Rotary in Toronto has served this community and its people well. Other Service Clubs have come in, government has taken over much of' the responsibility for providing funds and services in areas of social service where we at least started the ball rolling. There is still much for us to do and there is much that the new Rotary Club of Toronto East will find to do in their own part of this wonderful community. Beyond the community, we have hardly scratched the surface in matters relating to international service, and this, I firmly believe, is where the real future of Rotary accomplishment lies.
In any case, no one can ignore the fact that Rotary has had an impact on Toronto and its citizens. It is a better place for our having existed. We would wish for the members of the Rotary Club of Toronto-East as much pleasure, as much feeling of accomplishment, and certainly, as much
Fellowship as the hundreds of past and present members of Rotary Club of Toronto and the many other Clubs in the Metropolitan Community have enjoyed in establishing these traditions.
Rotarians of Toronto-East, these traditions are now yours to savour, yours to emulate and yours to enhance.
Footnote - by J.A.Caulder
After hearing this fine address I wrote the Registrar at Bowmanville and got back from him the following --
John H. H. Jury and Annie Rachel Jury on the first day of April 1924 donated to the Bowmanville Boys School 100 acres of land being the S. half of lot number 8 in 2nd concession of the township of Darlington in the town of Bowmanville. Mr. Jury owned the Jury and Lovell Drug Stores. I gave the official document of the Registrar to Bob Carveth for a permanent record.
Footnote: The reader of this fine article by Robert
Carveth will be interested in the article by Scott Stockwell which follows
this one- Page B-20 to B-30 in this book.
ROTARY’S HERITAGE IN TORONTO
ITS FIRST QUARTER CENTURY
(from a talk given to the Rotary Club of Toronto by Scott Stockwell on June 19, 1970)
When I was a boy, age six, my father joined a newly-formed group of businessmen in old downtown Toronto, called the Rotary club. That was in 1914 - just nine years after Paul Harris broached the idea of forming a new kind of business club to three business acquaintances.
He stipulated the imaginations of Gustavus Loehr, Hiram Shorey and Sylvester Schiele, and soon after, these remarkable and thoughtful men brought together other business friends and acquaintances in the city of Chicago to meet one evening a week. They "rotated" between their individual places of business building a spirit of mutual fellowship help and service to each other. This was during the years from February 1905 to 1908 when "Rotary" began to develop the idea of "Service Above Self".
My father, as many of you know, was Randolph S. (Ranny) Stockwell, an honorary member of this club at the time of his death in his 91st year on November 26, 1969. He was active to the last, greeting and signing-in visiting Rotarians from all over the world at our Friday meetings. He was also an honorary member of the Rotary Club of Huntsville.
My first recollection of Rotary dates back years ago to the family dinner table. My father would talk about "Bill" and "Joe" and "Larry" and "Fred". My sister and brothers would nod our little head, very wisely and say "Oh yes - you know Bill and Joe and Harry and Fred. Who are they?" The result was usually a rap over the knuckles with a large dinner spoon for the most convenient son. Thus the
Stockwell family was first introduced to the "fellowship" of Rotary. Exposure has been continuing for 55 years for my brother John and myself, and during this time we have heard and seen a fair amount of Rotary lore and custom.
World War I started in 1914 and was followed by the roaring twenties and then by the numbing years of the depression in the thirties. It was quite a time to be growing up.
It was in this period of change and upheaval that the early members of Toronto Club built our great heritage of community service and recognition that is the proud possession of not only the Rotary Club of Toronto but of all the Rotary Clubs in the surrounding area of Central Ontario.
Early in 1912 a Torontonian, Mr. James K. Pickett, then General Manager of the Imperial Life Assurance Company of Canada, while in Winnipeg was invited to attend a meeting of the Winnipeg Rotary Club. On his return to Toronto, this quiet and reserved man told his business associates that he had met the finest group of businessmen in Winnipeg that he had ever encountered in one club or group gathering. He attributed this, in a large measure, to the membership plan of selecting an outstanding man from each business or profession which represented an excellent cross-section of the business and professional community of the city.
The Toronto Rotary Club was the second club organized in Canada. The first club formed outside the United States was the Winnipeg Club, in 19l0 -five years after the first group met in Chicago. Winnipeg was the 17th club to be formed and made Rotary "International". Actually the records list the Rotary Club of Winnipeg as No. 35 but this was due to faulty records and the fact that clubs were springing up rapidly in the U.S.A. at that time.
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CONFERENCE OF DISTRICT 781, HELD AT HOULTON,
MAINE MAY 6-7, 1965.
THE FOUR OBJECTS OF ROTARY
In February of this year we celebrated the 60th. anniversary of Rotary. This in itself is an accomplishment. Almost 2000 years ago a child was born of lowly estate, in a manger in Bethlehem of Judea. That event has exerted a greater and more lasting effect upon the world than: -.
1. All the legions of Caesar or the armies of Alexander and Hitler.
2. Than all the inventions of science in this space age.
3. Than all the enactments of senators, congressmen and parliamentarians.
May I state that no other club or service organization, during the past 60 years has equalled the challenge and accomplishments of Rotary. "Service above self -- He Profits most who serves the best" has challenged rotarians in all walks of life and is still challenging over 562,000 rotarians in almost 12,000 clubs in 127 countries and geographical regions. The principles of rotary shine as a guiding star in these 127 countries and these principles are in sympathy with the teachings of Him who has, and is, not the rotary secret – any President, District Governor, or President of Rotary International but that International Power and Authority "Who rules the world peace and might."
From one club in one country the impact of Rotary has multiplied over the years. Hundreds of thousands of men - business and professional leaders -- have recognized and been influenced
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by its idealism. Children and adults, those less fortunately situated and those with an abundance to share, persons in all walks of live had had their lives enriched through activities under the aegis of Rotary. As a consequence Rotary enjoys recognition and respect the world around.
Gentlemen, I could spend my time telling you:
1. That Rotary began 60 years ago in the city of Chicago. That it was not formed as a service organization but as "a pat on the back" organization to further the interests of a few. But human nature being as it is the mind of man could not long endure or to content with purely selfish motives but must reach out become interested in the welfare of man.
2. I could tell you that Paul Harris was the founder of Rotary. That he was born in 1868 and died in 1947. Yes I could tell you that Silvester Schiele (coal dealer), Hiram Shorey
(tailor), Gustavus Loehr (engineer) were Paul Harris’ first associates in the first club. That Harry Ruggles introduced singing as part of Rotary’s weekly activities and entertainment.
3. That Charles W. Pettengill is the President of R.I.
4. That Rotary became international with the formation of the Winnipeg Club in 1910. That in 1911 clubs were formed in London and Dublin. That the first club on the continent of Europe was formed in Spain, and that not one single club is in existence Spain today. The policies of France are at variance with Rotary principles.
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5. That District 781 is an International District under a District Governor.
6. Yes, I could congratulate you, each and every Club, on your contributions to the Crippled Children’s Camp, Athletic Centers, Homes for the Aged, Local Libraries and a host of other community activities.
Gentlemen: You can read all these facts in your Rotary Information Bulletins or Rotary Magazine, written in a manner more interesting and more explanatory than any words of mine. What then is there left for me to tell you? I feel that in all our dealings with Rotary in all our enthusiasm over our Rotary Club, Rotary Auctions, sale of Christmas and Easter Seals, and pride in local activities we may forget the real meaning and purpose of Rotary.
Over the years there has developed the Objects of Rotary - - Objects which in themselves are tangible, definite, challenging and worthy of a moment’s thought and meditation.
The first Object of Rotary is "The Development of acquaintance as an opportunity for Service." This Object of Rotary takes as a premise that you must know the other fellow before you can be of service to him, or before you can learn ideas of service from him - from his personality and wealth of experiences. From the First Object of Rotary we get the absolute necessity of a personal and intimate friendship with others in all walks of life, regardless of position or occupation.
This friendship may change our personal ideas from those of aloofness and indifference to those of understanding and esteem. You can’t participate in this avenue of friendship if
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You stay at home from Rotary luncheon because the weather is bad, this walking poor, or the speaker likely to be boring or uninteresting.
Are you an action member, the kind that would be misled?
Or are you just contented that your name is on the list?
Or do you attend the meetings and mingle with the flock?
Or do you stay at home and criticize and knock?
Come to the meetings often and help with hands and heart.
Don’t be just a member but take an active part.
Think this over member, you know right from wrong,
Are you an active member or do you just belong?
The think that goes the farthest towards making life worthwhile, that cost the least and does the most, is just a pleasant smile.
The Second Object of Rotary is:
"High ethical standards in business and professions; the recognition of the worthiness of all useful occupations, and the dignifying by each Rotarian of his occupation as an opportunity to serve society/"
This Object of Rotary is a challenge to each individual Rotarian. It makes for equality among all classes, trades and professions. It makes us aware of the place of all occupations in our present society.
It takes persistent practice to become a Rotarian. A man can’t put on Rotary as he puts on his coat. He can’t put imbibe Rotary
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Principles with his soup or masticate them with his meat course. He can’t even laugh them into his system. The only way to become a Rotarian is to Live Rotary. The effectiveness of Rotary is not given form through corporate expressions. It is achieved only in the measure that each member of each Rotary club takes personal action to exercise his own power. and to exert his own influence for good.
As a practical question for each of us: what examples in business and professions do we set or the high school student, the young or woman just graduating from University, or the young man or woman just starting out in business? A young man or woman may have great personal talent, but this talent is of little value unless it is marketable. It will be unmarketable unless the owner of it is able to establish good contacts with his fellows. Will you agree with me when I say: that a person whose word is unreliable, whose manners are intolerable, whose financial principles are unsound, whose passions are uncontrolled is unable to market his abilities readily and advantageously? Here we as Senior citizens and as individuals have a responsibility.
The Third Object of Rotary is: "The application of the ideal of service by every Rotarian to his personal, business and community life." It is most difficult to separate Obkects Two and Three. Most Rotarians, I feel, are honest and sincere in their personal and business life? Are we willing to serve as members of: the school board, hospital board, YM-YWCA, Red Cross, and a host of commendable avenues of
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service where the reward is not measured in dollars and cents but in the realization that we have done something to serve society?
Too many are worshippers of the past. Too many look with longing at the: "Good Old Days". These I believe are looking for an excuse for a bad memory. ECC-7 and l0. "Say not thou etc", It is simply a matter of distinguishing between sight and vision.
A young man was called before a judge on the complaint of a young lady, who stated the young man had tried to pick her up at a bus station and had made advances to her in the way of conversation. The young man replies: "Your Honour, it was all a mistake. I was looking for my friend’s sister whom I had never seen but who was described to me as a beautiful blonde, with classic features, fine complexion, perfect figure, beautifully dressed, most attractive in every way and ---". At this point the young lady interrupted: "Your Honour, I don’t care to prosecute this young man. I can see how it might have happened."
In other words there is a difference between sight and vision. It is alright to call a girl a vision but it would never do to say she was a sight.
The Fourth Object of Rotary is: the. Advancement of understanding, goodwill and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional men united in the ideal of service".
In these times, I feel the Fourth Object offers the greatest challenge. We have
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Only to read the headlines in a daily newspaper or listen to the average radio or TV broadcast and we are confronted with hot and cold wars in many widely separated parts of the world. We read and hear of race hatred and discrimination, of religious strife and enmity. All remind us that a threat exists – a threat to the freedom of the freedom loving people. We are told on good authority that 10,000 human individuals die each day due to hunger; we have heard of and seen children with skinny physiques and bloated bellies while we here in North America have an excess of food. This continent has been likened to a greenhouse in which we live. Around us the starving peoples of the world look in through the glass and see us wasting more food in one day than they have altogether in one week or month. How long can we expect this to continue? How long before these starving people outside break through our glass walls and help themselves by force? They cannot forever be controlled by a pittance. Gentlemen, we cannot forever fool ourselves into complacency. It reminds me of Casey who had been married only one week when he discovered that his wife, who has assumed control of the household and the larder was inclined to be stingy. He had been working in his garden all afternoon when he stopped to talk to several neighbours over the back fence. His wife came to the door and called in loud tones, "Casey, come in to tay, potatoes, sirloin steak, apple pie and cheese." Casey dropped his hoe in surprise and ran into the kitchen. "Say, you wouldn’t be foolin me would you?" "No Casey," said his wife, "It’s not ye I’m foolin, it’s the neighbours." We can’t fool the neighbours." We can’t fool the neighbours forever. Sooner or later we must face realities.
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Rotarians: The times in which we live are times of restless motion. Ours is an age of transition. The foundations of society are heaving upwards. Science is filling the earth with new creations. Never were the demands for leadership, and never were demands for leadership and group endeavour so great as they are today. This world of 1965 is crying for leadership, at all levels of government. We need authority and intelligence, a voice that can be articulate and intelligible, a leadership with sufficient vision to use the lessons of the past to meet the needs of the future; a leadership that will be moral and spiritual as well as economic and political; a leadership that will seek to build anew, causing the hand that has been taught to slay to bind up the wounds of the suffering, causing eyes that are dulled with despair to flash with hope restored, heads to lift, voices to be raised in song and weary feet to quicken, lips given to cursing to be wreathed in smiles; a leadership determined to curb the flaming powers of emotion with the iron grip of the mastery of Service Above Self-- the essential and abiding principle, which lies at the foundation of Rotary International.
Our 60th anniversary, therefore, is not only an occasion for looking back at past accomplishments. It is for sounding the clarion call for our more purposeful individual action. The past 60 years are history. What social and political reforms or upheavals, what degree of war and annihilation, or peace and co-operation will come in the next 60 years depends, in part at least, upon our actions and foresight and the examples we set today. Where better can I close than by
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presenting this challenge to each individual Rotarian - - - so that we may say with Paul Harris, as he said on the 40th Anniversary, "The best is yet to be."
Friendship is a fragile thing
Though stronger than a band of steel.
Friendship is a gentle thing
Yet it guides the Rotary wheel.
Friendship is a gift of man
On April 15, 1966, there were 12,362 Rotary clubs in 133 countries or areas. There were 594,307 Rotary members. Since July 1st, 1965, 257 new clubs were organized. The new countries admitted are Bahrain, Dahomey, Comro Islands and Gibraltar. The Rotary foundation information will be found under another heading. An International Conference was held in Amsterdam on
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Oct. 7-9, 1965. There were 2400 Rotarians and guests from 24 countries. The R.I. President Sput Teenstra has done a fine job. The Board of Directors, fourteen in number came from nine countries, Canada, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Singapore, The Netherlands, Uruguay, U. S. of America and Wales. The Nominating committee had named Luther H. Hodges of Chapel Hill, N. Carolina as president of R. I. for the year 1967-68. Interact had made great strides. As of April 15th, 1966, there were 1237 Interact Clubs in 49 countries and there are now 25 districts and 30,000 Interact members. The Student Exchange plan is going strong. The Matched District plan is also making good headway. Next year the convention will be held in Nice, France. Then Mexico City, Honolulu, then Atlanta, Ga. in 1970 and likely Sydney, Australia in 197l. There will on July 1st be 278 Districts. Rotary's finances are in a healthy condition but an increase in dues will he needed soon. JAC
J. A. Caulder
Some interesting and very important items in these books that may be worth reading.
A Club is reborn – Book I, Page 276-277.
Chicago No. I Club in the world -Book II, Pages M-l to M-10.
National Council on Education – Canada. Book III, Pages L-1 to L-8. This was a fine job carried out by a few great Rotarians. This story will not be found in any book or booklet of Rotary and in 1963 they had no record of this Evanston. Major Ney is yet alive (1966) and living in Toronto. Mr. James Richardson, Sir Edward P. P. Leslie Pidgeon, Hon. J. L. Ralston, and James W. Davidson have all left us but that great Rotarian Hon. C. J. Burchell (District Governor 1915-16 and later Director of R.I.) is still living at Halifax. Frank R. Freeze of Calgary, Past District Governor, is still with us.
The Marritt Baker Story. A grand story told in Pages P-11-12, Book III. This tells how Rotary has changed men's lives.
The Moose Jaw Story. This thrilling story told on page L-8, Book III, goes back to 1921. The 60 men, then
Members of Rotary Club No. 49, were made Rotary by this kind act which cost not one of us a penny but saved a fine young girl who would have gone through life a hopeless cripple if one of our members had not said one day "Could we not do something for this child?".
Read the item on King Gustav VI on Page R-11, Book III. This King is a genuine Rotarian.
A Real Rotary Act. Book I, Page l61. How an Anglican minister helped two R.C. boys from Czechoslovakia get an education in McMaster University then a Baptist college.
Rotary Quotes. Book I, Pages 184 to189. Also see Quotes in Book IV, Pages X-1.
Toronto Inner Wheel. The world's oldest. Book No. I, pages 90-91.
Renting a Car in Vancouver 1920. There were no car rental companies in 1920. We were in Vancouver on holiday and I wanted a car. They drove on the wrong side of the road in Vancouver in those days. I went to a Chevrolet dealer and was trying to convince the lady in charge of the office that I would return it in good shape. I was getting nowhere until the manager came in and asked if he could help me. The lady said
"This gentleman wishes to rent a car." He looked at me and said to the girl "Let him have one as he wears a Rotary emblem so he must be O. K." Let us keep it that way.
A story from Dr. Agnew, a United Church Medical Missionary who operates a hospital about 100 miles N. of Bombay. On a recent visit to Toronto (in 1963) he told us he was the only non-Indian member of his Club. Some years ago at Christmas the President of a club in South America wrote the President of this club in India a letter of Christmas greeting. He read this letter to his club with tears in his eyes. Dr. Bob Agnew said - If only more Rotarians would just write a kind and personal letter they would bring joy to some far away Rotary club whose members often must wonder if anyone ever thinks of them.
A Philadelphia Doctor finds Rotary. Away back about 1918-19 Rotary was becoming interested in helping crippled children, (Read Book I, Pages 131-132) and the Philadelphia Club tried to interest one of U.S. top eye surgeons in doing a little free work to help out. He was a member of the Philadelphia club. He always said he was too busy. Finally he consented to give one hour a week free. He got as a Patient a four year old boy whose mother worked at cleaning buildings in the evenings. The boy was blind so she
took him with her when working. Some Rotarian got interested and the doctor took the case. After seven weeks the day came to test the sight. The boy could see and left the hospital in a few weeks. On the last day he gave an old ragged teddy bear to the doctor as he said his mother had no money. That teddy bear became one of the doctors most prized possessions. He said he would not sell it for $10,000.00. He also said it was the largest fee he had ever collected. Soon he was devoting half of his time helping poor cases. He had found the joy he got from helping those who were in need. Story told me by Dr. Chas. E, Barker (see his story in Book II, Pages Q-1 to Q-3).
Paul Harris, The kind of a man he was. In 1929 I was leaving the West to come to Toronto. The Conference to be held in Regina would be my last in W. Canada. I had known Paul well for 10 years so I wrote him and pleaded with him to attend the conference. He was not well but said he would come. We met him at the Railroad Station (no planes then) and he seemed unwell so Margaret asked him to come to our house where it would be quiet and he could rest. He readily accepted the invitation. The first day he addressed the conference and made a tremendous hit
The boys from Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon and Winnipeg came to me in a body to ask if Paul would visit their clubs the next week. He agreed and the meeting dates were changed so he could address them in four days. R. I. did not pay their representatives expenses in those days but the clubs chipped in and bought him a rail ticket from Regina to Calgary to Edmonton to Saskatoon and to Winnipeg and also arranged for a drawing room each night, It was a highly successful trip. In a week or so we got a refund from the railroads, he had turned in the drawing rooms and got lower berths. He did not want us to pay a dollar more than was necessary. Such a man was Paul Harris and it was a delight to have him live with us for five days.
Turn to Page 223, Book I and read Russell F. Greiner's "Five Way Test". Russ was the third President of The International Association of Rotary Clubs - 1913-14.
The Rotary member who shot the President’s father. Book III, Page R-30.
The Bear Story. Book III, Pages G-43 - 45
How Uncle Wat McClain helped out three very tired girls from California who could not find a place in Toronto to sleep except at Uncle Wat's. Book I, Page 136.
An interesting event by the Toronto Club when all the Brass were at Houston Convention in 1914. An emergency arose but the boys who were at home arose to the occasion and made history. Book I, Pages 138 to 141.
Rotary finances in 1911 and some comparisons with 1957-58. Book I, pages 156 to 158.
A Rotary president's wife who did not know her husband was president of the club - second item in Book III, Page R-30, No wonder we have a few weak clubs.
Rotary's first Community Service Act. This is reported on Page 4, Book I and also on Page 192, Book I. There has been much controversy over this story. Some claim it was a farmer-missionary's horse and others that it was a young doctor's horse in La Grange, Ill., a small suburb of Chicago. Harry Ruggles, Rotarian No. 5 and Chesley R. Perry told this written that it was a doctor’s horse. This was confirmed by Karl Kruger, Editor of The Rotarian in the issue of April, !955, also by Geo. Means at the convention in 1966. However in The Golden Strand by Oren Arnold in 1966 Leland Case who served many years with R.I, states it was a farmer-missionary' s horse. There is no way of proving the exact facts
but anyhow all this proves that in the early days the members were alert in helping the needy.
One more as told the writer by our late past president, Russell F. Greiner of Kansas City when we were attending the International Assembly in Lake Placid, the last one Russ was to attend. He explained to us that in the early days of Rotary officers were nominated from the floor by anyone and in a moment they jump from obscurity to prominence.
At this convention a dark horse appeared and it was obvious he was out for the presidency. The first day he made a real good speech that appealed to the audience. It looked like he had it won. Russ Greiner was a very shrewd judge of men and he was suspicious. He called a friend in this man's home city and asked about the prospect. His friend replied that he could not think of anyone less fit for the presidency of Rotary than this man. Russ asked his friend to send him a wire at once to that effect. In an hour or so Russ had a telegram signed by twelve good Rotarians confirming this man was not the man for Rotary president, Russ showed the telegram to all his friends who he felt he could trust with the promise they would keep the secret. It is well known that you can't tell more than one person without everyone knowing it soon. The candidate called his lawyer in his home town and told
him to get a wire off to him within an hour saying he was the city’s finest citizen and it must be signed by twelve good men. The wire arrived and the next day few listened to the
Conference. A new man with no thought of being president was nominated and the fight was on. It was politics at its worst or best depending on the point of view. When the votes were counted and Russ Greiner had elected his man, it was a turning point in Rotary. The self-appointed candidate went home and started a lawsuit against Russ Greiner and for three years he could not set foot in a certain state. When he went to the conventions, there were no planes in those days, Russ Greiner had to go around this man’s State then to the north or south. The candidate was never heard of again in Rotary and a man who loved Rotary had saved it for the time being.
Shut Your Mouth - Margaret and I were married in 1904 and at once went to the S. States. In 1928-29 I was a director of R.I. and I chose conferences in the south as we liked the people. We were at Knoxville, Tenn. and Margaret was in a group and answering questions about how cold it got in Saskatchewan in January. She said that at times it went to 40° or 50º below zero. One E Tennessee girl said "Why Shut your mouth" Margaret did and feeling
badly she left the group. I told one of my friends and he roared and said "In E. Tennessee that means you don't mean to say so." I told Margaret and at once relations were all mended.
If it is so easy to misunderstand the words commonly used by our neighbors who in the main speak the same language, how much easier is it for us to misunderstand a person who knows very little about our language. JAC
The Bill Leckie story - Vancouver 1918. Book III, Page Q-4.
After I moved East I went West several times each year. One day I was to speak to the Edmonton Club and I remarked to Secretary Joe Philip, "Joe this is my fourth time to address this club in 18 months and it is too often." That great old secretary at once replied- "Don't worry Joe there will not be a man here today who remembers a word you said on former trips". JAC
A few years ago the Peterborough Club called me on Friday to ask if I could come and speak to them on Monday. I said it was short notice and asked if they could not get someone else. He replied - "No Joe we can’t as we have already tried them all". JAC
Always listen to anyone. Even the clock that does not run is correct twice each day.
An energetic District Governor in 1926 told his clubs he was going to have a one day school for all his Presidents. One man led the grumbling crowds and said they did not need any schooling on Rotary. The Governor said: "O.K. I will ask a question and if you can answer it there will be no school." The question was - What is R.I.B.I.? A president quickly replied "Any fool knows that it is a Jewish preacher".
The Governor then announced the date of the school.
When S. Ken Guernsey (President of R. I. in 1947-48) became a Past President of R. I. he was much in demand as a speaker. At the end of an address at a small club they asked him how much his travelling expenses amounted to and how much fee. He told them he never had and never would charge a Rotary club a fee for speaking. The Secretary said "Well you may as well take it as we have cheque made out for $25.00." Ken said all right I will endorse it and you may give it to any charitable fund you have in the club. The
Secretary said "Well we have a fund to get better speakers which we badly need so we will put it in. that fund". JAC
In 1928-29 I addressed the Rotary Club of Knoxville and I had an enjoyable day. Margaret has a sister
living in that city so in 1934 we again drove to Knoxville. When we were driving through Kentucky on Sunday, P.M. we turned on the car radio and listened to the opening session of what was then The Pan American Union. It is now the organization of American States. We were struck by the fine opening programme, President Roosevelt spoke. When we arrived at my brother-in-law's home Sunday evening I picked up the Sunday paper and on the front page prominently displayed was my photo and underneath the following: The Hon. J. A. Caulder, one of Canada's leading Educationalists, will address the Rotary club tomorrow on "The Pan American Union". I was shocked and charged my brother-in-law with putting one over on me. He said he had just told the Secretary I was coming and I guess they liked what you said before.
First thing Monday A.M. I went to the Rotary office and asked what it was all about. Why the title Honourable. He said "Well in Tennessee we are kind folks and like to hand out compliments. Then I told him I had never spent a day in my life in a university and knew nothing of the Pan American Union, in fact had never heard of it until the previous day. He grinned and told me to talk about anything I liked to talk about. That helped until noon when I found the President of the University of Tennessee and 27 of his Professors at the head table to hear this expert on Education. I explained the situation
to the President and he laughed heartily. When I was introduced I said "I thought I knew a good deal about the Pan American Union until yesterday when driving through Kentucky, I heard the opening session and decided that I did not know enough about it to talk to them and that the President had given me the freedom of speech and I would talk about Rotary".
The University President and his wife took Margaret and me and the two Morgan Brothers and their wives (Morgans were from London, Ontario and they built the Great Tennessee Valley Authority Works) out to see T.V.A.- and we had a delightful afternoon. · JAC
A Rotarian stood at the Golden
He merely asked the man of
"What have you done?" St. Peter asked,
"To warrant admission here?"
"I edited a Rotary Bulletin on earth,
For many and many a year."
The gates swung sharply open
As St. Peter pressed the bell.
"Come in," he said "And grab a harp,
You've had your share of hell."
--Courtesy Barrie Beacon ~
2342 Fritts Lane
President of R.I. – 1924-25
C.P.H. (Sput): Teenstra
President, Rotary International
Members of the Board of Directors of R.I.
1600 Ridge Avenue
EVANSTON, Illinois 60201
Re: Rotary and World Peace
Dear Fellow Rotarian:
I hand you this letter with plea and petition for discussion with you on the subject of Rotary and World Peace. I know that each of you is interested in the subject and in what role Rotary should play in bringing peace to the world.
We are fully aware that the people of the world wish peace. We are the people and we are the public demanding a cessation of war. We are of many races and many religious creeds. We are Rotarians, 600,000 of us, members of 12,500 clubs in 131 geographic areas of the world. We are calling for peace and asking, Rotary International to give serious consideration to the subject of Rotary and world Peace, and the role Rotary should play in bringing peace to the world in the fulfillment of the object of Rotary "The Advancement of
International understanding, good will and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional men united in the ideal of service.
Is this object of Rotary to be used merely for individual lip service? Every Rotary Club under the leadership of R. I. should become aggressive in this matter of world peace and not be a mere group of wishful thinkers. We have had many objectors to war, now it is time to have aggressors for peace.
Peace will not be obtained through political channels and leadership Where there are so many nations involved, where jealousies exist, where greed is evident and where hatred, envy and selfishness rule the minds and hearts of men. Misunderstandings are exaggerated beyond measure in political circles, and diplomats distrust one another.
It is time for Rotary to cast off the cloak of neutrality and take a positive stand toward obtaining peace in our time for every nation on the face of the earth.
The common table of Rotary should be open at all hours to all who would meet and discuss world problems. When men break bread together they then begin to understand and see things in a true light, eye to eye, and with a saneness of approach.
Let me cite one outstanding example: In 1925 when I visited Spain as President of R.I., I had a most interesting audience and conversation with King Alfonso, at his request and invitation. During our conversation, he asked why we did not have a Rotary Club in Lisbon, Portugal. When asked why he was interested in Rotary being established in Portugal he replied,
"My country and Portugal have had many serious differences over the years and we have not been able to solve them through diplomatic channels since each country distrusts the diplomats of the other. They meet each year and nothing is accomplished except added differences. I want to see a Rotary Club in Lisbon in order that the men of Lisbon and the men of Madrid, members of Rotary, can meet around the common table of Rotary and settle these differences before our countries come to war, and settle these problems without diplomats"
And King Alfonso added, "It is my firm belief if and when Rotary is found in the countries of the world there will be no further need of diplomats. The common table of Rotary is the only table I know which will afford a meeting place for men desirous of settling disputes and differences between their respective countries, for the nations of the world have lost faith in diplomats".
And this, fellow Rotarians, was a king, a ruler of a country calling for Rotary to step in and solve differences which diplomats had tried to settle for years and failed.
The King gave us a list of names, friends and leading men of Lisbon, whom he said he believed would gladly join Rotary when offered the opportunity. From this list, and with others recommended by the men on this list, a Rotary Club was organized in Lisbon by Fred Teele from the International office in Chicago. After the Lisbon Club became well established, this club did meet in Madrid with the Rotary Club of that city and these men - these Rotarians, did settle the differences of years between their two countries, amicably and satisfactorily, and without the aid of a single diplomat.
There are other instances where Rotary played an important part in settling disputes and differences between countries. If you do not recall how the border dispute between Ecuador and Peru was settled, check with the International office for details. The Rotarians of Ecuador and Peru suggested that a committee of Rotarians be allowed to act as mediators and come up with a plan which would be acceptable to each country and settle the dispute. This was during the term of Tom Davis as President of R.I. He secured per-
mission from the State Department of USA for the appointment of such a committee, and if a plan were brought forth, it must be approved by the American States of North, South and Central America as well as the two countries involved in the dispute. Joaquin Serratosa Cibils was selected as the Chairman (who later became President of R.I., in 1953-54). This committee did bring forth a settlement which was unanimously accepted by the two countries of Ecuador and Peru and approved by all the countries of the Americas.
With these two outstanding instances of Rotary at work as a Peacemaker and with other instances, what is to hinder Rotary from becoming active today with our greatly increased membership located in 131 areas of the World? Why should not R.I., through its Board of Directors, call leading men from clubs in these 131 areas of the world into assembly to discuss and formulate plans for the role Rotary should play In the furtherance and promotion of Peace, world-wide?
On the 24th of last January I wrote the following, with certain comments. I wish to incorporate these thoughts in this letter:
NOW IS THE TIME.
There is no time to wait and pray when nations are aflame; !
There is no time for each mere excuse for each must bear the blame;
There is no time for idle take when swords of war are drawn;
We must assume the fault is ours when human rights are gone.
There is no time to sit and wish that right will soon prevail;
There is no time to sit and fret when efforts seem to fail;
Now is the time to lift our voice demanding wars must cease,
And see that hatred, envy, greed must all give way to peace.
Everett W. Hill
(Written January 24,1966)
The above was written after listening for days to the spoken word over TV, Radio and other mediums, and through the press, and the broadcasting commentators giving forth what they termed as "facts", as to the world condition and situation today. It is time, yes, past time for the public to know the truth of the world situation as we meet it day by day. We, as individuals, around the world want peace, and we are the people, and we are the public. Now is the time, for each one to voice his demand by means of the pen, speech, sane action and influence by and through friendliness, through organizations of all types, by and through prayer and in faith in man and God insist that peace shall come to the world and reside permanently. And now is the time!
What, can I do as a private citizen, as a member of a Civic Organization, as a Churchman, as a business or professional man, what can I do to further the cause of peace? I can voice my demand individually or in concerted action, through my trade or business organization, through my social and civic clubs, my lodges, my Church, by my ballot, by use of pen and by spoken word until I am heard. I can pray fervently that peace does come to the world, to the world in which I live, to my land, and with God's help maintain that peace to the end of time, This I can do!
The men who direct the affairs of State of every nation on earth will listen and heed the unselfish and concerted voice of the people demanding peace, world-peace. This voice when lifted unselfishly and without greed, envy or hatred can be, and will be, a power which no nation can resist. But this voice must be unwavering, insistent and honest. Peace will prevail if we wish it to come to pass. It is my affair and the affair of every living man, woman and child. This we can do! This Rotary can do!
What can Rotary International do?
1. Continue to encourage and aid in the establishment of Borderline Assemblies between neighboring Rotary countries. Have R.I. prepare pamphlets setting forth the idea and showing
how to organize such meetings. Information can be obtained from the files of the Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Association as to its operation. This Peace park lies between Alberta, Canada and Montana, USA.
2. Formulate programs of information and understanding of all Rotary Countries that Rotary Clubs may have such information available, as to -- the customs, culture, geography, history, business, government operation and Rotary in these countries; in order that Rotarians may have knowledge of these countries and be come acquainted with these countries, and become friendly with Rotarians from such Countries.
3. To feel the pulse of Rotary world-wide through its membership as to what role Rotary should play in World Peace. Ask each club to set aside one or more meetings for the discussion of the subject "Rotary and World Peace." Let each club forward its findings to the R.I. office. This is a vital matter, and each club should be willing to discuss the subject.
4. The President and Board of Directors of R.I. shall appoint and authorize a meeting of a large, general Committee of Rotarians selected from clubs in the 131 areas of the Rotary World. This committee shall study
the subject of Rotary and World Peace, and formulate a plan whereby R.I. may function in promoting peace for all nations. With this thought in mind it is asked that the letter of February 11, 1958 addressed to President Tennant and the Board of Directors be studied a copy of this letter is enclosed. The ideas advanced in this letter was presented to the Council at Lake Placid in 1964 and approved unanimously with request that the Board of R.I. consider same.
5. If R.I. does go ahead with the idea of calling a meeting of Rotarians, selected from the 131 areas of Rotary, to meet in Chicago to discuss the subject of Rotary and World Peace, and formulate Rotarians for presentation to the nation of the world, after organizations of such a group committee, let them call on all other Civic Organizations to send representatives to sit in with the Rotary group and participate in the discussion o a final draft. Also, when the plans are being formulated, give consideration toward inviting influential men outside Civic Organizations to join in the discussion.
If Rotary does not adopt such an idea, would R.I. join with some other organization which might take up the idea? It is time that something should be done and the concerted voice of business and professional men will be heard when once presented.
I contacted two men, members of the United States Senate, men I have known over the years and friends, regarding the subject of Rotary and World Peace; Senator Edward V. Long, former Director of R.I., and Senator J. W. Fulbright, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, a former Rotarian of Fayettville, Arkansas when he was President of the Arkansas State University and a Rhodes Scholar.
In writing these two Senators they were told that this letter and request was personal and did not come from R.I., and they knew that Rotary avoided political matters, but that I did not consider the subject of peace to be anything but non-partisan.
I asked these men what they thought Rotary might do to further the cause of Peace in the World. I told them the size of Rotary today with 600,000 members in 12,500 clubs in 131 areas of the world. I also asked what they thought of bringing certain leading Rotarians together from these 131 areas for the purpose of formulating plans with a program, whereby Rotary might aid in a solution of the problem of Peace around the World. I asked if they thought such a meeting would help in any way.
Senator Long replied: "It seems to me that you are on the right track in suggesting that Rotary take some definite action to keep and maintain peace. No group is better equipped through friendship of members and our training to work out this great problem. It may be that Rotary spends too much time in just giving lip service to some of the great problems. But this problem of peace is one that certainly would justify the existence of Rotary. We have been building bases of understanding and good-will among men during the years of our existence, and now would be the ideal time to put it to practical use."
Senator Fulbright wrote: "Thank you for your letter of February 1st expressing your interest in promoting World Peace through Rotary International. This world-wide organization is already playing a vital role in the promotion of international understanding. I would think that all the contact possible between Rotarians from other countries and from the USA would serve the cause of Peace with justice. I applaud your efforts."
I believe that rulers, and those who direct the affairs and destinies of nations, will listen and heed the unselfish and concerted voice, of men representing the peoples of the world, demanding everlasting peace for all the lands of the earth.
But this voice must be unwavering, insistent and honest. Peace will prevail if we wish peace hard enough to strive for it, to plan for it, to work for it.
The world cannot long live in fear. The world cannot abide forever with distrust and suspicion.
To live in fear is to be a coward. To live with fear is to live with defeat.
We have had too much of wars, now let us have peace. Wars settle nothing, while peace means free men.
Rotary must be reborn to meet its des tiny with courage, fearless and unafraid of some who may criticize because they lack the courage to face events of today. Does that mean, therefore, that 600,000 men, members of Rotary International, must resign themselves to the status of inaction and become puppets of fear, afraid to face demands, for a peaceful world? Why not listen to the voice of these Rotarians?
The Challenge is ours: Will Rotary International face it? And, now, is the time!
What have we to fear? The world needs Rotary and, Rotary needs the world!
Let us out the object of Rotary to the test. What is the answer?
Everett W. Hill
[Click Here to go to the Everett Hill page, Album I]
Note – The story re Ecuador and Peru will be found in Book I – Page 191. This was a fine Rotary act by President Tom J. Davis who was President of R.I. in 1941-42. Everett Hill’s letter arrived too late for action before the Denver Convention but it will be carefully considered by Richard Evans’ Board. I have known Everett Hill since 1922 which is 44 years. He is in advanced years but keeps up to date in Rotary. Formerly he was in the refrigeration business but now and for several years has been a writer.
This new idea is amazing most everyone. On page A-15 Book IV there is a short item showing 855 clubs in 44 countries and 21,000 members. At the Denver convention Gen. Sec. Geo. Means reported 1,237 clubs in 49 countries as of Apr. 15, 1966. Almost 30,000 Interact members. He said the number might reach almost 1500 clubs by July 1st. Club number 1000 was formed in Rio de Janerio in Nov. ’65. Interact had been formed in 189 Rotary Districts. Interact had by mid April 1966 over 25 districts each with a Governor the same as Rotary and 25 District Conferences had been held. Student exchange is an active part of Interact work. It is amazing the way this youth oreganization has and is growing. It seems to fill a space that was very inviting. Some Rotarians now feel that Interact will far outrun the growth of Rotary in its early years.
Also see Pages D20A
See Pages A15 and D20. Interact.
I must admit the writer has never paid enough attention to Interact. From a very slow start in 1962 it seemed difficult to get this new organization going but today, Aug. ’67 – over 50 countries have Interact and it is expected there will be over 1800 clubs within the next year. There is a place for this club of active young men. Anyone interested should write to the District Governor for the latest bulletin. (JAC)
Interact started in Oct. 1962. Club No 1000 – Rio de Janerio, Brazil, Nov. ’65 – Pisa, Italy No. 2000 on June 11 ’68.
Interact – I fear I have neglected Interact growth. The Oct. news letter reports as follows: "On Aug. 7th, 1970 there were in existence 2773 Interact Clubs in 66 countries with 62,000 members. This is amazing and with proper care and the backing of Rotary clubs perhaps by 1980 there may be an many Interact Clubs as there are Rotary Clubs in 1970.
B. IV, Page D-20.
I was present at Oshawa on May 26th when Rotaract Club No. 1 was organized by the Rotary Club of Oshawa. This is another new club taking in boys or girls from 17 to 25. This is College and University time and will carry on when students finish high school. It was a very nice affair.
The R.I. News letter Oct. 1970 reports. On Aug. 17th there were in existence 596 Rotaract clubs with 11,500 members in 46 countries. It is obvious Rotaract and Interact will grow rapidly if only the R. clubs get behind the organization.
SALT LAKE CITY
AT THE ASSEMBLY IN LAKE PLACID
The 1966 slogan for the year - A Better World Through Rotary.
The problems of our communities and the needs of the world are limitless. So are our opportunities. We can't do everything for everyone, but we can do something for someone-somewhere-for those who are near us, and for those who are far from us.
Not for personal reasons, but for a particular purpose, I would share with you my first impression of Rotary. It was 47 years ago --1919. The Tenth Convention of Rotary International was held in my home town of Salt Lake City, Utah. I was then a Boy Scout, serving as a messenger for that great group. We turned out the town. Nothing was too good for Rotary.
Of the 530 clubs worldwide, 475 were in the U.S.A. There were 45,000 Rotarians in all the world, and 3,038 registered in Salt Lake City. World War I was just over. Paul Harris was there. Ches Perry and "Pete" Snedecor and Joe Caulder and many others whose names are fondly familiar were there.
The basic structure of Rotary was
already there with committees, activities and interests not essentially different from today. Paul Harris said: "If it could ever have been said that Rotary was insular in its viewpoint, that time is past." And it is further past now.
I looked at the Rotarians who came from far places, and at those from my own Salt Lake City – which is an old Club, No. 24. I felt their success. I felt their sincerely. I felt their fellowship, their enjoyment of each other. I felt they were there not only for fun, but for a purpose. They turned their attention to the problems of their time, with concern highways, hunger, war torn countries, the betterment of boys, management and labor relations, education, public affairs, home and personal relationship, discharged soldiers and sailors.
Already they had extended their thinking worldwide, with less concern for mechanics and more concern for service. They kept themselves free and flexible to serve the needs of their day – as we must in our day.
With these impressions upon me, a Boy Scout, age 13, I felt I could wish to be one with them. Nineteen years later it came to be so – and one of the participants at Rotary’s tenth International Convention became one
of my sponsors for membership in Rotary. He shared Rotary with me.
Someone shared Rotary with all of us. Except for Paul Harris, all of us are in Rotary, because someone shared -- someone brought us in – and all of us owe someone else this kind of sharing. "Has a man gained anything," asked Emerson "who has received a hundred favors, and rendered none? .... He is great who confers the most benefits."
This is one of the principal points of emphasis suggested for the coming year: sharing Rotary - with others. Bringing others in. That's how I came to this responsibility, grateful to share the pleasure and the weight of it with you.
The program emphasis suggested for the year ahead is an appeal to District Governors, to Club Presidents, and to Rotarians everywhere -- for a Better World Through Rotary.
The program of Rotary is varied and flexible. It can be adapted anywhere in the world. And so I suggest ten things to do. Take what you can use. Add to them. Apply them to yourself, to your own Club and community -- and then reach out beyond your own borders, in service worldwide.
1. Share Rotary by adding new members. We have Rotary because
someone shared it with us. Share Rotary with others. Let each Rotarian seek an additional member. Fill new classifications in your Club.
2. Share Rotary by adding new Clubs. Help organize new Clubs in other qualified communities. Organize additional Clubs in growing metropolitan areas. Encourage Clubs to release territory, This will help Rotary to grow where meeting places are too limited in size, and will help Rotary to keep growing where Clubs already are too large to grow much more.
The World is growing. Help Rotary grow with it -- not in numbers only, but in spirit and purpose and service.
3. Enjoy Rotary fellowship. Attend and participate. Enjoy Rotary's prestige, but also contribute to it.
4. Discover and serve the needs of your community. Be concerned with youth, with employment and education, with health, with safety, with respect for law, with home and family solidarity. Serve the needs of your own area.
Some will say their communities have no such needs, If anywhere in the world there is this kind of Utopia, I want to be introduced to it.
5. Make your business or profession
better. Improve your service to patrons. Improve your relationships with employees. Improve relationships with your competitors. Improve your standards and practices and product.
6. Serve youth. Organize Interact Clubs, Promote Youth Exchange Programs. Give counsel and encouragement to the young who are trying to find their future.
7. Pursue effective public relations. Let the public know what Rotary is and what Rotary does. Enlarge the influence of Rotary by performing significant service.
8. Emphasize the internationality of Rotary. Develop friendships and contacts widely over the world. Encourage international youth exchange between Clubs and Districts.
9. Engage in World Community Service. Look beyond your own borders for opportunities to help world-wide. Don't let your knowledge or time or experience go to waste. There are urgent needs everywhere. Do something, for someone, somewhere. I plead with you to look to this. "We live in a world which is full of misery and ignorance" said Thomas Huxley, "and the plain duty of each and all of us is to make the little corner we can influence somewhat less miserable and somewhat less ignorant than it was before we entered."
World. Community Service is not theory; it is not just a feeling that something ought to be done. It is a compelling need that requires organization, men, money, sinews, sincerity, service. "If we don't try, we don't do," says a line from a current motion picture play. "And if we don't do, what are we on this earth for?"
10. Contribute to The Rotary Foundation. Its great possibilities are barely beginning. Support the Rotary Foundation Fellowships for International Understanding. Explore and apply for Awards for Technical Training. Engage in the Group Study Exchange, which is one of the exciting and promisingly successful new projects of The Rotary Foundation. You are invited to suggest other experimental international programs.
For nearly 28 years it has been my privilege to enjoy the fellowship of Rotary. Rotary has made for me a better life. Rotary has made my beautiful and beloved Salt Lake City a better community. Rotary has made mine a better country. Rotary has given my Alice and me some of our finest friends, worldwide. I believe that we do have -- and can have--a better world through Rotary.
Make this year count -- for a Better World Through Rotary -- in service above self.
A Better World Through Rotary
My Fellow Rotarians:
Gratefully I join with you in another year of Rotary fellowship and service.
The program of Rotary is varied and flexible. It can be adapted anywhere in the world.
Following this letter are Ten Things To Do. Take what you can use. Add to them. Apply them to your own club and community -- and then reach out beyond your own borders in service -- worldwide.
Enjoy the fellowship and sociability. Enjoy the prestige or Rotary -- but also add to it. It is not only necessary to belong -- it is necessary to perform. It is mot only necessary to be -- it is necessary to do. Don't just be proud of Rotary -- be part of it.
The problems of our communities and the needs of the world are limitless. So are our opportunities. We can't do everything for everyone, but we can do something for someone -- somewhere – for those who are near us, and for those who are far from us. "Conviction is worthless, unless it is converted into conduct."
The world is growing. Help Rotary, grow with it -- not in numbers only but in spirit and purpose and service. So long as there is "one hungry child or one ignorant man" -- or one discouraged youth -- so long as there is misunderstanding, or conflict, anywhere -- so long as there is a choice friend who has not yet been found -- there is a reason for Rotary.
I pledge you my best: I ask you for your best -- that we may make this year count -- for a better world -- through Rotary -- in "service above self."
Richard L. Evans, President of Rotary International
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